Maria am Stegel

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Maria am Stegel (left) integrated into the development in front of the Marienkirche, 1902
Maria am Stegel seen from the east

Maria am Stegel was a brick Gothic medieval chapel in Lübeck .

The chapel was located on the corner of Mengstrasse / Schüsselbuden , in the immediate vicinity of the Marienkirche . Your name was derived from the Low German word Stegel off for stairs because under its west bay was a passage through which a shallow stairs to Marienkirchhof led.

The location of Maria am Stegel was initially taken up by an image of the Virgin Mary in the 14th century, then probably an unspecified predecessor building at the beginning of the 15th century, which was only replaced by the final building after 1416, financed by the council in connection with the return of the council families expelled eight years earlier (see Lübecker Rat 1408 (old council) ). In 1425 the completed atonement chapel was consecrated by the Lübeck bishop Johannes Schele and received a vicarie financed by a foundation with the patronage of the Holy Trinity, the Virgin Mary and St. Paulus. The vicar , appointed by the council, had his apartment in the small room above the stairway .

After the Reformation introduced in Lübeck in 1529 , the chapel was no longer used as a church building. Johannes Bugenhagen had planned it as a classroom for one of three planned girls' schools , but this project was not implemented. In the following decades the chapel served as a morgue .

On April 22, 1640, Maria am Stegel was rented to the bookseller Lorenz Rauch for six years , and booksellers were the tenants of the building until 1773. From 1791 to 1796 it was used by Jürgen Ramm , the clerk of the Hamburger Post, and was then empty. From 1803 to December 1804 it was rented as a storage room to the tailor and head of St. Marien Diedrich Stolterfoht .

In 1805 the chapel was finally secularized . For an amount of 4,000 Courantmarks , part of which Stolterfoht took over, the building was converted into a warehouse. The construction work included, among other things, the walling up of the high Gothic windows, the insertion of two intermediate floors and the installation of a bay window with a crane winch on the choir roof .

Senator Conrad Platzmann used the granary from 1825 to 1836 , after which the office of the municipal fire fund was housed here until 1855. After the fire office was given new premises, Maria am Stegel of the church served as a warehouse for building materials.

After a careful renovation with elements of brick expressionism in 1927, a bookstore again moved into the chapel, and at the same time the St. Mary's Congregation took over a room as a hall for confirmation classes . During the bombing raid in March 1942 , in which the north tower of St. Mary's Church fell on her, Maria am Stegel burned down to the outer walls. In the post-war years, the building remained a poorly secured ruin, and there were no clear ideas about its restoration and use. In 1963, a group of experts of monument preservationists convened by Mayor Max Wartemann spoke under the leadership of the Bavarian Conservator General Heinrich Kreisel after hearing the other experts, the Brunswick professor for urban development Herbert Jensen and the

Model construction of the Maria zum Stegel chapel

former Lübeck city planning director Professor Klaus Pieper , asked for the chapel to be rebuilt. However, the building should be moved 2.5 m in a south-easterly direction in order to meet the needs of road traffic. The restoration of the structure was considered necessary for urban planning reasons, because as a small-scale structure it is indispensable for the scale of the Marienkirche and not least because all the other small ancillary churches in Lübeck's old town had been sacrificed in previous centuries. However, the financing could not be secured and the Lübeck church was not interested in restoring the building. In February 1967 a storm dropped stones, whereupon it was decided to demolish the entire building immediately. Only the granite base remained, which was stored and rebuilt in 1975 as a seating area , but due to the changed street layout, five meters closer to St. Mary's Church.


  • The architectural and art monuments of the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck. Volume 4, Lübeck 1928, pp. 361-369
  • Jan Zimmermann : Maria am Stegel: destroyed 75 years ago, demolished 50 years ago. in: Lübeckische Blätter 182 (2017), pp. 101-103

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Cf. Antje Grewolls: The chapels of the north German churches in the Middle Ages: Architecture and function. Kiel: Ludwig 1999, ISBN 3-9805480-3-1 , p. 151
  2. ^ Reconstruction of "Maria am Stegel" in: Lübecker Nachrichten of February 17, 1963.

Coordinates: 53 ° 52 ′ 5.5 ″  N , 10 ° 41 ′ 4.2 ″  E