Marienkirche (Bergen)

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Marienkirche in Bergen

The Marienkirche , formerly also the German Church , in Bergen in Norway is a Romanesque basilica that was built from natural stone around 1130 based on the model of the Speyer Cathedral .


The Marienkirche around 1900
Late medieval altar from a workshop in Lübeck

In most of the travel guides you can read that the church is the oldest surviving building in the city. However, archaeologists assume that an inconspicuous chapel in downtown Bergen near the bus station was built a few years earlier.

The Marienkirche is located in the northeast part of Bryggen , the office of the Hanseatic League in Bergen . The church was used as the main church of the office from 1408 to 1766 exclusively by the local Hanseatic merchants, who mostly came from Lübeck and the other Hanseatic cities of the Wendish quarter of the Hanseatic League such as Hamburg , Stralsund , Rostock and Wismar , but also from Bremen . Accordingly, during this period, the ownership of the church was with the office and from 1548 the patronage with the right to appoint the pastor ( jus patronatus et vocandi ) was with the Lübeck corporation of mountain drivers . The pastors were therefore initially appointed in Lübeck and there, through entry in the Lübeck Book of Concord, committed to the Confessio Augustana as a Lutheran . The sermons were held in German until 1868.


The triptych on the altar of the church is probably a late medieval Lübeck work of the late 15th century. When Norway converted to Protestantism through the Reformation in 1536 , almost all of the pictures and statues were removed. This was not the case in the Marienkirche, as this church was a church of German merchants, which is also documented by the grave inscriptions (in German) in the small cemetery in front of the church. The Reformation had already been carried out here before. That is why today you can see the Virgin Mary on the altar in the center of the altar panel .


The organ was built in 2015 by the organ builder Weimbs. The slider chests -instrument has 30 registers on two manual stations and pedal . The game actions are mechanical, the stop actions are electric.

I Hauptwerk C – g 3
Bourdon 16 ′
Principal 8th'
Viola da gamba 8th'
Reed flute 8th'
Octave 4 ′
Pointed flute 4 ′
Fifth 2 23
Octave 2 ′
Cornet III 2 23
Mixture IV 1 13
Trumpet 8th'
II Swell C – g 3
Dumped 8th'
Quintadena 8th'
Salicional 8th'
Unda Maris 8th'
Principal 4 ′
Reed flute 4 ′
Nasat 2 23
Super octave 2 ′
third 1 35
Larigot 1 13
Mixture III 1'
Basson / Chalumeau 8th'
Pedal C – f 1
Principal bass 16 ′
Sub bass 16 ′
Octave bass 8th'
Covered bass 8th'
Octave 4 ′
trombone 16 ′
Trumpet 8th'


  • Richard Carstensen : BERGEN - development picture of a Norwegian port city, especially with regard to Bergen's relations to the Hanseatic League , in: Mitteilungen der Geographische Gesellschaft in Lübeck, Heft 53, Lübeck 1973;
  • Ingvild Oye: Bergen and the German Hanseatic League , Bergen 1996, ISBN 82-90289-65-0


  1. Carstensen, p. 93 ff .: ... acceptus in Nomine Domini & repraesentatus a Civitatibus Wandalicis ad SS Ministry Verbi divini in Ecclesia mariana apud honoratissimos Dominos Mercatores Pontanos ...
  2. To the description ( Memento of the original from August 25, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the website of the organ builder @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /

Web links

Commons : Marienkirche (Bergen)  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 60 ° 23 ′ 56 ″  N , 5 ° 19 ′ 25 ″  E