Martin I (Pope)

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Martin I (* around 600 in Todi , Umbria ; † September 16, 655 in Chersonese , Crimean Peninsula ) was Pope from 649 to 653.


During the pontificate of his predecessor Theodor I , he worked first as a deacon and later as an apocrisy . Martin I was an opponent of the then widespread monotheleticism . After taking office, he gathered 105 bishops of the Western Church in a synod in the Lateran in 649 . After detailed deliberations, monotheleticism was rejected and the decision was sent to the bishops of the Eastern and Western Churches for signature. Paulus II , the Patriarch of Constantinople , was excommunicated because he refused the decision. This led to a conflict with the Eastern Roman emperor and a failed attempt by the emperor to arrest the pope. This succeeded in a second attempt in 653, the bedridden Pope was seized and shipped from Rome to Constantinople . After a trial he was sentenced to death, whipped and exiled to the Crimea after a pardon , where he died on September 16, 655 as a result of his cruel treatment. To his disappointment, Pope Eugene I was elected a successor even before his death .

Remembrance day


Web links

Commons : Martin I.  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor
Theodor I. Pope
Eugene I.