Martin I (Pope)
During the pontificate of his predecessor Theodor I , he worked first as a deacon and later as an apocrisy . Martin I was an opponent of the then widespread monotheleticism . After taking office, he gathered 105 bishops of the Western Church in a synod in the Lateran in 649 . After detailed deliberations, monotheleticism was rejected and the decision was sent to the bishops of the Eastern and Western Churches for signature. Paulus II , the Patriarch of Constantinople , was excommunicated because he refused the decision. This led to a conflict with the Eastern Roman emperor and a failed attempt by the emperor to arrest the pope. This succeeded in a second attempt in 653, the bedridden Pope was seized and shipped from Rome to Constantinople . After a trial he was sentenced to death, whipped and exiled to the Crimea after a pardon , where he died on September 16, 655 as a result of his cruel treatment. To his disappointment, Pope Eugene I was elected a successor even before his death .
- Catholic: April 13th ( non-mandatory day of remembrance in the general Roman calendar )
- Orthodox: April 14th
- Pietro Conte: Martin I, Pope (649–653) . In: Lexicon of the Middle Ages (LexMA). Volume 6, Artemis & Winkler, Munich / Zurich 1993, ISBN 3-7608-8906-9 , Sp. 341.
- Georg Jenal: MARTINO I, papa, santo. In: Mario Caravale (ed.): Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (DBI). Volume 71: Marsilli – Massimino da Salerno. Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Rome 2008.
- Georg Jenal: MARTINO I, santo. In: Massimo Bray (ed.): Enciclopedia dei Papi. Volume 1: Pietro, santo. Anastasio bibliotecario, antipapa. Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Rome 2000 ( treccani.it ).
- Georg Kreuzer: Martin I. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 5, Bautz, Herzberg 1993, ISBN 3-88309-043-3 , Sp. 907-910.
- Francis Mershman: Pope St. Martin I . In: Catholic Encyclopedia , Volume 9, Robert Appleton Company, New York 1910.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Pope (649-653)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 600|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Todi , Umbria|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 16, 655|
|Place of death||Chersonese , Crimea (today: Ukraine )|