Mauretania Caesariensis

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Roman provinces under Trajan in 117
Mauretania Caesariensis (highlighted) in 116

Mauretania Caesariensis was a province of the Roman Empire .

After incorporation into the Roman Empire, Emperor Claudius divided the north-west African kingdom of Mauritania into the provinces of Mauretania Tingitana (western part) and Mauretania Caesariensis (eastern part) in AD 42 . The province of Mauretania Caesariensis was mainly in the area of ​​today's Algeria and had its capital in Caesarea ( Cherchell ). Economically, the wealthy province mainly exported purple and valuable woods. Under Emperor Diocletian , the province of Mauretania Sitifensis , which was named after its capital Sitifis ( Sétif ), split off .

In the 4th and 5th centuries, the population adopted the Christian faith, with the Arians later enjoying a majority. This was brought into the country by the invading vandals since 430 , but wiped out again by the Byzantine armies around 533.

With the Islamic expansion in the 7th century, the area became Islamic.

Towns in the province of Mauretania Caesariensis: Ala miliaria , Altava , Auzia , Cartennae , Cissi , columnata , Icosium , Lambdia , Malliana , Portus Magnus , Rusubbicari Matidiae , Rusuccuru , Sufasar , Thibiuca , Thibuzabetum , Tigisi, Timici , Quiza Cenitana , Vagal , miliana .