Mauretania Caesariensis was a province of the Roman Empire .
After incorporation into the Roman Empire, Emperor Claudius divided the north-west African kingdom of Mauritania into the provinces of Mauretania Tingitana (western part) and Mauretania Caesariensis (eastern part) in AD 42 . The province of Mauretania Caesariensis was mainly in the area of today's Algeria and had its capital in Caesarea ( Cherchell ). Economically, the wealthy province mainly exported purple and valuable woods. Under Emperor Diocletian , the province of Mauretania Sitifensis , which was named after its capital Sitifis ( Sétif ), split off .
In the 4th and 5th centuries, the population adopted the Christian faith, with the Arians later enjoying a majority. This was brought into the country by the invading vandals since 430 , but wiped out again by the Byzantine armies around 533.
With the Islamic expansion in the 7th century, the area became Islamic.
Towns in the province of Mauretania Caesariensis: Ala miliaria , Altava , Auzia , Cartennae , Cissi , columnata , Icosium , Lambdia , Malliana , Portus Magnus , Rusubbicari Matidiae , Rusuccuru , Sufasar , Thibiuca , Thibuzabetum , Tigisi, Timici , Quiza Cenitana , Vagal , miliana .
- Werner Huss , Hans Georg Niemeyer : Mauretania. In: The New Pauly (DNP). Volume 7, Metzler, Stuttgart 1999, ISBN 3-476-01477-0 , Sp. 1048-1052.
- Philipp von Rummel : Mauretania. In: Real Lexicon for Antiquity and Christianity . Volume 24, Hiersemann, Stuttgart 2012, ISBN 978-3-7772-1222-7 , Sp. 441-472