Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light
|Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light|
New building for the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, taken in February 2016
|Carrier:||Max Planck Society|
|Legal form of the carrier:||Registered association|
|Seat of the wearer:||Munich|
|Type of research:||Basic research|
|Areas of expertise:||Optics , photonics , quantum physics , biophysics|
|Basic funding:||Federal government (50%), states (50%)|
The Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light (MPL) is an institute of the Max Planck Society in Erlangen . It pursues basic research in the fields of optical measurement processes, optical communication , quantum optics , optical materials and optics in biology and medicine. It was created on January 1, 2009 through the transformation of the Max Planck Research Group for Optics, Information and Photonics at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, founded for this purpose in 2004 .
The institute currently comprises four departments:
- Biological optomechanics
- Photonic crystal fibers
- Nano optics
The institute consists of four departments, each under the direction of an equal director. The work in the departments is supported by "technology development and service groups". Various Max Planck research groups also work at the MPL. The institute also has an "International Max Planck Research School for Optics and Imaging" which is used for structured doctoral training. The institute works closely with the Institute for Optics and individual chairs of the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg through the university professorships of the directors, through several associated groups, as well as the Cluster of Excellence and graduate schools .
Sources of white light that are many times brighter than incandescent lamps, the manipulation of individual photons or the smallest focal point in the world - these are just a few of the activities at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light. In principle, work is being carried out on controlling light in every respect: in space and time, in polarization - in simplified terms, the direction of oscillation of the light wave - and in its quantum properties.
Biological Optomechanics - Look Department
On October 1st, 2018 Jochen Guck was appointed director of the new department "Biological Optomechanics". He and his team conduct research in the field of biophysics and at the interdisciplinary interface between physics and medicine. In the coming years, Guck will move to the Max Planck Center for Physics and Medicine (MPZPM), which is being built together with the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU) and the University Hospital Erlangen .
Theory - Marquardt Department
The theory department at the MPL is headed by Florian Marquardt. It deals with the classical and quantum mechanical dynamics of systems that are relevant in modern optics, especially at the interface between nanophysics and quantum optics. The research topics include the theory of optomechanics, quantum optics in superconducting circuits, transport in photonic systems, fundamental questions of quantum many-body physics, nonlinear dynamics in non-equilibrium and decoherence. The group uses a variety of methods, from analytical approaches to numerical simulations.
Photonic Crystal Fibers - Russell Division
The research focus of the Russell department lies in the area of nano- and microstructured materials and their applications in optics and photonics. A particular focus is on photonic crystal fibers (PCF) - a new type of optical fiber proposed by Philip Russell in 1991. The first example of a working PCF was in 1996 and groups around the world have been working on the development of PCF and its diverse uses ever since. The department is using the amazing properties of PCF in a number of experiments. Scientific applications include, for example, non-linear gas lasers with low surge threshold and phononic band gaps. Technological applications include a. biomedical sensors, supercontinuum sources and the manipulation of particles with laser tweezers in hollow core PCF.
Nano-Optics - Sandoghdar Department
On September 1, 2010 , Vahid Sandoghdar was appointed director of a new department. With his appointment, he was awarded an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg . Sandoghdar is continuing his previous work in the fields of nano-optics, biophotonics and plasmonics at the MPL. He was previously a professor at the ETH Zurich .
Optics and information processing - Leuchs emeritus group
The emeritus group Leuchs goes back to the department of Gerd Leuchs , who retired in 2019. The research spectrum of the Emeritus Group Leuchs covers the area from classical optics to quantum optics, whereby the focus is on both fundamental questions and practical applications.
Max Planck Research Groups
There are several independent research groups outside the four MPL departments.
- Maria Chekhova's research group in the field of quantum and photonic crystal fibers
- Claudiu Genes research group in the field of quantum optics theory
- Research group Silvia Viola-Kusminskiy in the field of optomagnetic systems
- Research group Kanwarpal Singh in the field of microendoscopy
- Research group Christoph Marquardt in the field of quantum information processing
- Birgit Stiller's research group in the field of quantum optoacoustics
- Research group Hanieh Fattahi in the field of femtosecond molecular fieldoscopy
- Pascal Del'Haye research group in the field of microphotonics
- Research group Katja Zieske
Technology development and service groups
- TDSU 1: micro and nano structuring
- TDSU 2: Optical Technologies
- TDSU 3: fiber manufacture and glass studio
- TDSU 4: Lab-on-a-chip Systems
Former research groups and departments
- Department "Optics and Information Processing" - Head: Gerd Leuchs
- Junior Research Group "Integrated Quantum Optics " - Head: Christine Silberhorn
- Research group "Nonlinear Photonic Nanostructures" - Head: Fabio Biancalana
- Research group "Optical Quantum Information Theory " - Head: Peter van Loock
- Max Planck Fellow Group - “Photonics and Precision Measurements” - Head: Lijun Wang
Max Planck - University of Ottawa Center for Extreme and Quantum Photonics
"Max Planck - University of Ottawa Center for Extreme and Quantum Photonics" offers a platform for close cooperation and scientific exchange between uOttawa and the Max Planck Society . Since 2012, uOttawa and the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light have maintained an intensive research collaboration through student and employee exchanges, international workshops and joint research projects. Special emphasis is placed on the development of very high-intensity laser sources, the development of optical methods relevant for quantum information science and the production of components for classical and quantum photonics.
Max Planck Center for Physics and Medicine
The MPZPM is conceived as a joint project of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light (MPL), the Friedrich Alexander University (FAU) and the FAU University Hospital in Erlangen . The new scientific center aims to apply advanced methods of experimental physics and mathematics to basic biomedical research with an emphasis on the intercellular microenvironment.
Optics has a long tradition at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, both in the natural sciences and in the technical faculty. As early as 1868, Eugen Lommel, a scientist, was appointed to the University of Erlangen with a focus on optics. In physics, this tradition was continued in the 1970s with the chair for optics under Adolf Lohmann, and laser research and its application also became increasingly important in the technical faculty.
Based on this experience, the Max Planck Research Group for Optics, Information and Photonics was set up from 2003 to 2008, operated by the Friedrich Alexander University and jointly financed by the Max Planck Society and the Free State of Bavaria. After a successful evaluation, the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light was founded on January 1st, 2009.
After laying the foundation stone for the new building in July 2011 and the topping-out ceremony in November 2014, the institute moved into its new building in Staudtstrasse in summer 2016. The new building is located directly on the south campus of the Friedrich Alexander University in Erlangen.
- Homepage of the institute.
- Description on the website of the Max Planck Society.
- An arena for light artists: Senate of the Max Planck Society decides to found the Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Light in Erlangen. June 24, 2008.
- Website of the International Max Planck Research School Physics of Light. (English).
- Website of the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg.
- Biological Optomechanics, Look Department. In: Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science eV, mpg.de. 2019, accessed October 18, 2019 .
- Theory, Marquardt Department. In: Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science eV, mpg.de. 2019, accessed October 18, 2019 .
- Photonic Crystal Fibers, Russell Division. In: Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science eV, mpg.de. 2019, accessed October 18, 2019 .
- Nano-Optics, Sandoghdar Department. In: Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science eV, mpg.de. 2019, accessed October 18, 2019 .
- MPL: Leuchs Emeritus Group. Retrieved March 4, 2020 .
- research groups. In: Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science eV, mpg.de. 2019, accessed October 18, 2019 .
- Research Group Fattahi. Retrieved October 29, 2019 .
- MPL: Del'Haye Research Group. Retrieved March 4, 2020 .
- TDSU 4: TDSU 4: Lab-on-a-chip systems. Retrieved on August 19, 2019 .
- MPZPM: Max Planck Center for Physics and Medicine. Retrieved March 4, 2020 .