|Medinet Habu in hieroglyphics|
Medînet Hâbu ( Arabic مدينة هابو, ancient Egyptian Tahut ; Coptic Djeme / Djemi ) is part of the old necropolis of Thebes-West in Egypt on the edge of the fertile land of the Nile , opposite Luxor . On the area of Medînet Hâbu there is a large mortuary temple of Ramses III. , which was also dedicated to Amun and represents one of the most stylistically perfect buildings in Egypt.
Usage in ancient Egyptian times
There are other plants in the Medînet Hâbu area:
- Temple of Hatshepsut : The so-called Small Temple , which was built under Thutmose III. was rebuilt.
- Mortuary temple of the haremhab
- Graves of some of Amun's wives
The partially still excellent bas-reliefs on the temple depict the victories of the king ( Pharaoh ) over the Sea Peoples and Libyans in bloodthirsty details , show the sacrifice of prisoners and the king who leads the prisoners to Amun. The ancient Egyptian relics in Medînet Hâbu were used as a quarry for a long time.
Establishment of the village of Djeme
In Coptic times, the place Djeme, whose name is derived from the ancient Egyptian name Tahut, arose within the large wall. The builders of Djeme use the protective devices that that district of Medinet Habu offered. The second courtyard of the temple of Ramses III. was now used as a church. The brick houses were built in layers on top of each other until the ninth century. The excavation of the temple complex began in 1898.
- Dieter Arnold : The temples of Egypt: apartments for gods, monuments, places of worship. Artemis & Winkler, Zurich 1992, ISBN 3-86047-215-1 , (pp. 148–150 → Medinet Habu: The Temple of the 18th Dynasty, pp. 150–152 → Medinet Habu: The Temple of Ramses III. )
- Dieter Arnold: Lexicon of Egyptian architecture. Artemis & Winkler, Zurich 1997, ISBN 3-7608-1099-3 , pp. 152–154 → Medinet Habu .
- James Henry Breasted The Excavation of Medinet Habu. Volume 1 General Plans and Views. University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1934.
- Detlef Franke : Thebes and Memphis - metropolises in Egypt. In: Michael Jansen, Bernd Roeck (Hrsg.): Origin and development of metropolises (= publications of the Interdisciplinary Working Group on Urban Culture Research. (VIAS) Vol. 4). 2002, ( PDF file ).
- Uvo Hölscher : The Excavation of Medinet Habu. University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1934-1954.
- William J. Murnane: Medinet Habu. In: Kathryn A. Bard (Ed.): Encyclopedia of the Archeology of Ancient Egypt. Routledge, London 1999, ISBN 0-415-18589-0 , pp. 481-85.
- Rainer Stadelmann : The grave in the Tempelhof, the type of royal grave in the late period. In: Communications from the German Archaeological Institute, Cairo Department. (MDAIK) 27, pp. 111-123.
- Rainer Stadelmann: Medinet Habu. In: Lexicon of Egyptology. (LA) Vol. III., Pp. 1255-1271.
- Rainer Hannig: Large Concise Dictionary Egyptian-German: (2800 - 950 BC) . P. 1200.