He was the son of a feudal secretary at the chancellery at the Dresden court, who had married the daughter of the chief forester there.
Heydenreich was in the service of the Electors of Saxony for 53 years, 39 years of which in Weißensee as the official castles.
In 1623 Melchior Heydenreich acquired 28 fields of meadow wax near Walschleben and Andisleben as well as 25 Schillin pfennigs annual hereditary interest at Andisleben, with which he was enfeoffed by Elector Johann Georg I of Saxony on June 3, 1624. These fields remained in the family's possession for the next 200 years and formed an important piece of land for the wealth of the Heydenreich family of scholars and lawyers, who spread widely in Thuringia.
He died shortly before the age of 70 in Erfurt, where he had fled because of the war. There he was buried on September 7, 1631 in the Predigerkirche. His painted epitaph was preserved.
Heidenreich was married three times and had a total of 22 children, the first of whom were born in 1587 and the youngest in the year of his death in 1630.
After the father's death, the loan pieces remained in the joint possession of his surviving sons Augustus (died in 1646 at the latest and left four sons), Christianus, Davidt, Wolfgang, Johann Georg, Elias Rudolph, Jacob Heinrich and Johann Philipp Heydenreich. The latter, the youngest son, did not reach adulthood and died on September 8, 1637 in Kölleda .
David Heydenreich (1600–1674) became mayor of the city of Frankenhausen , as did his younger brother Wolfgang, who was born in 1607.
- Gerd Schlegel: Melchior Heydenreich (1560–1631) - electoral Saxon official castles in Weißensee from 1592–1631 . In: Sömmerdaer Heimatheft, contributions to local history of the Sömmerda district and the Unstrut – Finne – Region, issue 15 (2003), pp. 25–43.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Electoral Saxon official castles|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 12, 1560|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Dresden|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 5, 1631|
|Place of death||Erfurt|