|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 51 ° 5 ' N , 10 ° 56' E
|Management Community :||Gera-Aue|
|Height :||155 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||6.82 km 2|
|Residents:||596 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||87 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||99189|
|Area code :||036201|
|License plate :||SÖM|
|Community key :||16 0 68 002|
|LOCODE :||DE 5AQ|
|Association administration address:||Marktplatz 13
|Mayor :||Hans Vollrath ( SPD )|
|Location of the community Andisleben in the district of Sömmerda|
Andisleben is a municipality in the Sömmerda district in Thuringia . The community belongs to the administrative community Gera-Aue .
The community is located on the Gera in the western part of the Sömmerda district.
It was first mentioned in 815 in a document from Hersfeld Abbey . In 1309 the people of Erfurt destroyed Andisleben Castle.
Andisleben belonged to the Vogtei Walschleben in the area of the city of Erfurt from the 15th century . Since the administrative reform of 1706 the place belonged to the office Gispersleben . In 1802 he came with the Erfurt area to Prussia and between 1807 and 1813 to the French principality of Erfurt . With the Congress of Vienna the place came back to Prussia in 1815 and in 1816 it was affiliated to the Erfurt district in the Prussian province of Saxony .
During the Second World War women and men from Poland and Ukraine (28 people) had to do forced labor in agriculture.
On April 10, 1945, German soldiers took up positions on the Hinteranger near the Andisleben cross. American artillery began shelling the place at noon . The west gable of the church and 28 houses were hit. One received a direct hit, the basement ceiling killed 5 residents. Four Wehrmacht soldiers were torn to pieces in their position beyond recognition, the others left the place in the direction of Walschleben . In the afternoon, Mayor Paul Schütz hoisted a white flag on the church tower. Then Americans moved into Andisleben. The German soldiers were buried in a common grave.
A black memorial stone in the cemetery commemorates: "The unknown Wehrmacht soldiers and the victims of the grenade bombardment of April 10, 1945". At the memorial in the center of the village "To commemorate the victims of both world wars", with name boards for the fallen from the community, there is also an additional small board with the text: "Paul Schütz 1888-1978. He saved Andisleben from destruction on April 10th 1945 ".
At the beginning of July 1945, the place, like all of Thuringia, was handed over to the Red Army by the Americans . Andisleben came to the Soviet occupation zone and in 1949 to the GDR . It went along with all the corresponding social and economic changes, of which the forced collectivization of agriculture in the 1950s to 1960 was initially the most drastic.
Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on July 12, 1994 by the Thuringian State Administration Office.
Blazon : “Divided by pewter cut of red and silver; above three silver plowshares standing side by side; below three blue wavy bars placed one on top of the other. "
The plowshares represent agriculture as the main livelihood of the population that has long characterized the settlement. The pewter cut symbolizes the former moated castle, which was mentioned in a document in the Erfurt Chronicle as early as 1308. Finally, the three-part wave bar symbolizes the three arms of the Gera flowing through the town .
The coat of arms was designed by the heraldist Frank Jung .
Culture and sights
Economy and Infrastructure
The most important branch of the economy is agriculture due to the good soil .
Andisleben is on the B 4 and B 176 federal highways , which in this section are free of intersections. The bus route 111 of the Erfurter Verkehrsbetriebe connects the place with the state capital.
The Nordhausen – Erfurt railway runs about two kilometers east of Andisleben. The closest train stations on this route are Ringleben - Gebesee and Walschleben , each about three kilometers away.
In Andisleben, the worker Otto Raßloff, born in 1883, was one of the victims of the grate action . He was arrested on August 22, 1944 and sent to Buchenwald concentration camp . He was released four weeks later.
- Grit Trautwein: Chronicle of the community Andisleben in Thuringia 815-2000. Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza 2000, ISBN 978-3-934748-18-7
- Official website of the Andisleben community
- Information about Andisleben as a Bach place with short video
- What happened in Andisleben in 1945? By Hans Vollrath
- ^ Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- ^ Ferdinand Wachter : History of Saxony up to the most recent times. Theil 3. August Lehnhold, Leipzig 1830, p. 187 .
- ↑ Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Volume 8: Thuringia. VAS - Verlag für Akademische Schriften, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 266.
- ↑ Hartmut Ulle: New Thuringian Wappenbuch. Volume 3: Eisenach, Gera, Greiz (district), Hildburghausen (district), Saale-Holzland district, Sömmerda (district), Sonneberg (district), Unstrut-Hainich district, Wartburg district. Working group Genealogy Thuringia, Erfurt 1998, ISBN 3-9804487-3-8 , p. 57.
- ^ Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945. Thuringia (ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Thuringia . tape 8 . VAS - Publishing House for Academic Writings, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 266 .