Wolkramshausen – Erfurt railway line
The Wolkramshausen – Erfurt railway is a single-track main line in Thuringia , which was originally built and operated by the Nordhausen-Erfurt Railway Company . It branches off the Halle – Hann railway line in Wolkramshausen . Münden and leads via Sondershausen and Straussfurt to Erfurt .
The construction of the Nordhausen-Erfurt Railway (NEE) was regulated between Prussia and the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen in a contract dated December 21, 1866. The company, which was founded in 1866 with the help of shares and guarantees from the government of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and the neighboring districts and cities, received building concessions from Prussia on April 24, 1867 and from Schwarzburg-Sondershausen on June 17, 1867. The aim of the railway construction was to create a connection between the two then Prussian cities of Nordhausen and Erfurt in the province of Saxony and at the same time to bring the first railway connection to the subordinate , i.e. the northern part of the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.
The line was built by a consortium of the companies Pleßner , Schultze & Steinfeld from Berlin and opened on August 17, 1869. From Nordhausen to Wolkramshausen, it used the route of the Halle-Kassel Railway in the direction of Eichenberg-Kassel for eight kilometers, but on a second track built for this purpose, reached the residential town of Sondershausen and continued south across the Hainleite ridge and led into Greußen and Straussfurt today's capital Erfurt, where it ended in the Thuringian Railway station. A number of branch and connecting railways later branched off the route, for example the 20-kilometer route to Bad Frankenhausen in Sondershausen from 1898. From Hohenebra (1883) and Greußen (1901) the Bachsteinbahnen led to Ebeleben and Keula. There was another connection from Straussfurt to Ballstädt and from Kühnhausen to Langensalza.
In the course of the nationalization of the private railways in Prussia and after the earnings situation no longer met expectations in view of the growing competition from other railways, the company accepted a purchase offer from the Prussian state and transferred ownership of the railway to him on January 1, 1887. The company dissolved to; the railway operations were subordinated to the railway management in Frankfurt am Main, but soon after the management in Erfurt.
In 2009, planning began to expand the Nordhausen – Erfurt line for a maximum line speed of 120 km / h. The aim is to reduce the travel time to less than an hour and to establish connections to the new ICE line to the south. This goes hand in hand with the closure of the less frequented access points Großfurra , Glückauf , Hohenebra Ort and Niederspier . In Kühnhausen, the technical prerequisites for coupling with railcars from the direction of Bad Langensalza are to be created.
The start of construction for the first Wolkramshausen – Sondershausen section was planned for the third quarter of 2014 in 2011, a delay of around one and a half years. The total construction costs were estimated at around 70 million euros, financed from federal funds and DB Netz AG's own funds .
- 1880: two pairs of trains a day, travel time 2:18 hours.
- 1913: six pairs of trains a day, two of which are accelerated train pairs, travel time 1:27 h.
- 1936: nine pairs of trains a day, two of which are accelerated train pairs, travel time 1:40 h.
- 2006: KBS 601, hourly traffic, every second train a regional express (RE), travel time 1:19 h.
- 2009: daily up to 17 pairs of trains with additional trains Nordhausen – Sondershausen, hourly traffic, every second train a RE, travel time 1:15 h.
- Deutsche Reichsbahn: The German Railways in their Development 1835–1935. Berlin 1935
- Too few passengers: 36 Thuringian railway stops on the test bench. In: Ostthüringer Zeitung. March 27, 2014, accessed April 16, 2014 .
- Hans-Peter Blum: Extension of the railway line between Erfurt and Nordhausen is delayed. In: Thuringian General . November 21, 2011, accessed May 20, 2016 .