|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Management Community :||Gramme-Vippach|
|Height :||157 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||8.93 km 2|
|Residents:||752 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||84 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||99195|
|Area code :||036204|
|License plate :||SÖM|
|Community key :||16 0 68 001|
|LOCODE :||DE 6AB|
|Association administration address:||Erfurter Str. 6
|Mayor :||Peter Hehne (independent)|
|Location of the municipality of Alperstedt in the district of Sömmerda|
Alperstedt is a municipality in the Sömmerda district in Thuringia . It belongs to the administrative community Gramme-Vippach , which has its administrative seat in the municipality of Schloßvippach .
Alperstedt is located in the south-eastern part of the Thuringian Basin south of the Alperstedter Ried nature reserve . It is the largest limestone bog in the Thuringian Basin. It has been a nature reserve since 1938/1967.
The annual precipitation is 453 mm and is extremely low as it falls in the lower twentieth of the values recorded in Germany. Lower values are registered at just one percent of the German Weather Service's measuring stations . The driest month is February, with the most rainfall in June. In June there is 2.9 times more rainfall than in February. The rainfall varies greatly. Lower seasonal fluctuations are registered at 71% of the measuring stations.
The place was first mentioned in writing between the years 802 and 817 as an Alvaratestete in a deed of donation. Another mention was made on September 29, 1061. In 1370 a Count Gleichen sold the place to the city of Erfurt . From the middle of the 17th century the noble place belonged to the office of Großrudestedt , which was part of the Duchy of Saxony-Eisenach from 1672 and came to Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach in 1741 . On November 13, 1736, a major fire destroyed a large part of Alperstedt. The village then belonged to Johanna Christiana von Haeseler, who lost her “Fürstenhof” due to the fire. Parish and school buildings as well as 38 residential buildings were destroyed. In 1794 the tower for the older church was built. The village lived from agriculture. It also provided escorts for the dangerous route through the moor north of the village, which was part of a busy north-south connection through Alperstedt. The rest of humans and animals resulted in two inns in the village, one of them the Black Eagle , built in 1740 under Frau von Heßler . In 1816 the Alperstedter Ried began to be drained in order to extract peat. Since 1850 the place belonged to the administrative district Weimar of the Grand Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach. In 1924 the place was electrified.
During the Second World War (1944-45) to the place was the southeast towards Großrudestedt an airfield of the Air Force . It was occupied by day fighters ( JG 3 Udet and JG 302), who had the task of fighting allied bombers approaching in central Germany. The fighters were camouflaged in individual hangars on neighboring streets, the pilots lived with families in the surrounding villages. There were considerations to relocate the civil airport Erfurt near Alperstedt after the war.
The large manor Alperstedt (333 hectares), which had last belonged to the Ruhmer family, was expropriated without compensation in 1945 and the mansion was demolished. The economic sector was continued as a people's own property (VEG).
From 1947 to 1950, the Alperstedt settlement with 16 new houses was built to the east of the village in addition to airfield buildings. It was located next to the airfield tarmac, which was divided into plots of settlers. Later, the compulsory collectivization of the local farms took place.
Not far from the former airfield, the Soviet Army erected a radar station on an artificial hill with the neighboring Alperstedt garrison , which existed until the end of the GDR. All facilities and buildings of the 733th FuTK were removed after 1990.
After the fall of the Wall , numerous new residential buildings were built on the outskirts. The economy was reprivatised, the nurseries were expanded and technically brought up to date. According to the Unification Treaty of 1990, however, the estate was not returned.
In October 2009, the church was given a new community center , which was built in a year of construction with an investment of 1.6 million euros.
Development of the population:
Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
The positive development of the population is due to the influx from outside into numerous new buildings.
The local council from Alperstedt consists of eight councilors.
- Alperstedter sports club: 3 seats
- Citizens' initiative for environmental protection: 2 seats
- Local history and culture association “Alperstedter Ried e. V. ": 1 seat
- Young Alperstedter voter group: 2 seats
(As of: local elections on June 7, 2009)
coat of arms
Alperstedt's coat of arms shows a heart, surrounded by a laurel and palm branch crossed on the stems.
The honorary mayor Peter Hehne was elected on June 7, 2009 and re-elected in April 2015 with 99.2% of the vote.
Culture and sights
- See also: List of cultural monuments in Alperstedt
- Grove of honor for those who fell in both world wars at the southern exit of the town, near the church. 17 Alperstedt soldiers did not return from the First World War and 48 from the Second World War.
- Village church St. Martin with surrounding churchyard and a colored pictorial representation of the local history on the churchyard wall
- Decaying, formerly stately farm buildings of the former Good
- Luftsport Club Erfurt eV
- Alperstedter See (former Kiessee) south of the village with water sports
- Club maritim Erfurt eV
Economy and Infrastructure
North of the village is one of the largest greenhouse facilities in Germany, which is used by several horticultural companies for the production of vegetables. A biomass thermal power station supplies this system with heat. It is heated with wood chips from the Thuringia region.
Further gravel mining is planned to the west of Alperstedt, with subsequent incorporation into the chain of the Erfurt lakes .
As a result of the Reich-wide action grid , in which party members, members of parliament and functionaries of the Social Democratic Party of Germany , the Communist Party of Germany and the German Center Party were arrested, Edmund Schiecke (born 1886) was sent to the Buchenwald concentration camp . He was released in mid-September.
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- Otto Dobencker : Regesta diplomatica necnon epistolaria historiae Thuringiae. Volume 1: (approx. 500-1152). Gustav Fischer, Jena 1896, pp. 174 f., No. 831 .
- Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Volume 8: Thuringia. VAS - Verlag für Akademische Schriften, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 266.
- Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Thuringia . tape 8 . VAS - Publishing House for Academic Writings, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 266 .