|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Management Community :||Gramme-Vippach|
|Height :||172 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||9.19 km 2|
|Residents:||551 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||60 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||99195|
|Area code :||036371|
|License plate :||SÖM|
|Community key :||16 0 68 036|
|Address of the
|Main street 75
|Mayoress :||Jeannine Zeuner (independent)|
|Location of the community of Markvippach in the district of Sömmerda|
Markvippach is a municipality in the Sömmerda district in Thuringia . It belongs to the administrative community Gramme-Vippach , which has its administrative seat in the municipality of Schloßvippach .
The place was first mentioned in a document in 802. However, all mentions from this time cannot be assigned to a specific settlement place without any doubt. The additional place name "Mark" to the name stem Vippach can be proven for the first time in a document for the year 1221. One interpretation of the name explains it mutilatingly from Sanct-Margarethenvitpeche , which then became Martvippeche. In the legal and factual content of a document from the Ernestine General Archives, document no. 4311 a villicus Albertus de Marctvipeche named as landgrave judge.
Markvippach grew out of an upper and a lower village. The place was at times the seat of the Lords of Schloßvippach , in addition to these, the Vitzthume von Eckstedt also had a manor here . The two manors were later united. A medieval manor castle surrounded by a moat was first mentioned in 1387. It was then rebuilt around 1620. Diagonally across from this old castle (the "moated castle") a new castle was built in 1812 after a fire in the previous building . Its gate and covered passage date from 1780. After the lords of Drachenfels, whose line died out in 1644, the lords of Leutsch were the owners of the Wasserburg, followed by those of Miltitz and von Kellner.
From the middle of the 17th century the noble place belonged to the office of Großrudestedt , which was part of the Duchy of Saxony-Eisenach from 1672 and came to Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach in 1741 . Since 1850 the place belonged to the administrative district Weimar of the Grand Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach.
From July 1945 Markvippach was in the Soviet occupation zone , later in the GDR, and accordingly went along with all the social changes that resulted from it. Refugee families from the eastern regions were housed in both castles. After that, on the basis of order 209 of the SMAD, the New Castle was demolished. The site is now the site of the cultural center of the place. The LPG moved into the old castle (Wasserburg), which partly used the rooms as stables.
After reunification , the oldest buildings in the village - the Protestant parish church of St. Andrew and the old castle - were saved from deterioration. The church, built around 1500 and closed by the building authorities in 1992, is used again for services after years of restoration. In the old castle, which was acquired in a desolate condition by the architect Roland Dix in 1992 and restored in the following years, a restaurant was set up by a tenant. From 2011 the former moated castle was empty again. In 2014 the Erfurt entrepreneur Marion Krauße acquired the building and renovated it after years of vacancy, as well as the outdoor area.
Wind turbines were built north of Markvippach and determine the landscape there.
coat of arms
In 2011, the local council commissioned Manfred Fischer from Unterwellenborn to develop his own coat of arms and, after a small survey of citizens on the internet, confirmed one of the designs as the official coat of arms. The heraldic symbol for the Vippach was incorporated into the new coat of arms as a blue ribbon, the naming of the Lords of Vippach and the legend known about it is reflected by the falcon, the predominantly agricultural reference through the Ähre and Bachstedt is mentioned by the former Saxon-Weimar Affiliation of the goods and the colors gold-black as a section under the ear.
Culture and sights
- Old castle or moated castle Markvippach: two-story quarry stone building under a hipped roof , partially supplemented with half-timbering. At the end of the 19th century, the castle was still surrounded by a moat and accessible via a narrow stone bridge. The current building dates from 1620 and was thoroughly renovated after 1992. Restaurant.
- Parish church Sankt Andreas : built around 1500, extensively restored after the fall of the Wall
The local council from Markvippach consists of 8 councilors.
(As of: local elections on May 25, 2014 )
The honorary mayor Jeannine Zeuner (independent) was elected on May 26, 2018
- thueringenfotos.de - Photos from the village from 1990
- Website of the town of Markvippach
- Administrative association website
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Volume 8: Thuringia. VAS - Verlag für Akademische Schriften, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 280.
- Hartmut Schwarz: Wedding night at the castle. Entrepreneur from Erfurt has acquired a historic gem in Markvippach. In: Thüringische Landeszeitung , from August 26, 2014.
- Citizen survey coat of arms for Markvippach. Website of the community of Markvippach, accessed on February 20, 2012 ( Memento of the original from November 30, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .