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Monilaria globosa

Monilaria globosa

Nuclear eudicotyledons
Order : Clove-like (Caryophyllales)
Family : Midday flowers (Aizoaceae)
Subfamily : Ruschioideae
Genre : Monilaria
Scientific name

Monilaria is a plant kind from the family of aizoaceae (Aizoaceae). The botanical name of the genus is derived from the Latin word "monile" for string of pearls .


The species of the genus Monilaria grow as sparsely branched, deciduous shrubs with a stature height of up to 20 centimeters. Their short, thickened internodes reach a diameter of 10 to 20 millimeters. The first pair of leaves of the year is completely fused, more or less hemispherical, has a small tip slightly keeled on the underside and forms an almost spherical body of up to 10 millimeters. The second pair of leaves is about 10 centimeters long and 3 to 5 millimeters wide. It is flattened at the top and only grown together over about a tenth of the length. The epidermis contains bladder cells of various shapes and sizes .

The individual, stalked, terminal flowers appear from the second pair of leaves. Your papilose flower stalk is up to 10 centimeters long. There are 5 sepals arranged in a spiral shape . The petals and the thread-like staminodes are white, salmon-colored, rose-pink or purple-red.

The capsule fruits are 5 (rarely 6) -fabricated. Your source ridges are divergent, the wing covers are wide. Closure bodies are missing. They contain egg-shaped, smooth seeds .

The chromosome number is 2n = 18, 36.

Systematics and distribution

The distribution area of ​​the genus Monilaria extends from Namaqualand in the South African province of Northern Cape to the places Vanrhynsdorp and Vredendal in the province of Western Cape . The plants grow on quartz-covered plains. The annual rainfall is less than 200 millimeters, with the majority falling in winter.

The first description was published in 1929 by Gustav Schwantes . The holotype is Monilaria chrysoleuca . According to Hans-Dieter Ihlenfeldt (* 1932) the genus Monilaria includes the following species:



  • Heidrun EK Hartmann (Ed.): Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Aizoaceae FZ . Springer Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg / New York 2001, ISBN 3-540-41691-9 , pp. 176 .
  • Gideon Smith et al. a. (Ed.): Mesembs of the World: Illustrated Guide to a Remarkable Succulent Group . Briza Publications, 1998, ISBN 1-875093-13-3 , pp. 242-243 .

Individual evidence

  1. Garden world . Volume 69, p. 69, 1929
  2. Heidrun EK Hartmann (Ed.): Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Aizoaceae AE . Springer Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg / New York 2001, ISBN 3-540-41723-0 , pp. 176 .

further reading

  • H.-D. Ihlenfeld, S. Jörgensen: Morphology and taxonomy of the genus Monilaria (Schwantes) Schwantes s. st. (Mesembryanthemaceae) . In: Messages from the Institute for General Botany Hamburg . Volume 14, pp. 49-94, Hamburg 1973

Web links

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