Nakhon Pathom

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Nakhon Pathom
Nakhon Pathom (Thailand)
Red pog.svg
Coordinates 13 ° 49 '  N , 100 ° 3'  E Coordinates: 13 ° 49 '  N , 100 ° 3'  E
coat of arms
coat of arms
Basic data
Country Thailand


Nakhon Pathom
Chaleemongkolasana Residence (main building of Sanam Chan Palace)
Chaleemongkolasana Residence (main building of Sanam Chan Palace )

Nakhon Pathom (originally Nakhon Chaisi, in Thai : นครปฐม ) is a city ( Thesaban Nakhon - เทศบาล นคร นครปฐม ) in the central Thai province of Nakhon Pathom . It is the capital of the province and the capital of the district ( amphoe ) Mueang Nakhon Pathom .


Nakhon Pathom is located about 50 kilometers west of the capital Bangkok in the middle of a wide plain through which watercourses flow, for example the Mae Nam Tha Chin (Tha Chin River). Sugar cane has been grown here since the late 18th century . Old travel reports describe that near Nakhon Pathom on Tha Chin there were sugar factories every four to five kilometers, surrounded by around ten to fifteen houses and firmly in Chinese hands.


2000 years ago, Nakhon Pathom was located on the Gulf of Thailand , which is, however, steadily retreating to the south as a result of sedimentation . Nakhon Pathom, along with Ratchaburi and Sing Buri, is considered to be one of the oldest cities in Thailand, whose founding dates back to around 40 BC. Is dated. For a long time it was one of the major capitals of a respected kingdom of the Mon ( Lop Buri as far as Malaysia ). The Indian King Ashoka sent at that time monks to Siam that the Theravada Buddhism should make known. They came to Nakhon Pathom and traveled the country from there. This is how the city sees itself as having spread Buddhism throughout Siam.

In April 1842, there were problems between three groups of Chinese who had formed secret societies , each consisting of about 1,000 men. The leaders of these groups were called Khim, Ia and Phiao (Piaw). The Siamese government sent soldiers under the command of Phra Sombat Wanit to arrest the leaders. In fact, Khim and Phiao were initially thrown into dungeon, but Ia was able to flee. He and his people then robbed the houses in the Samut Sakhon and Nakhon Pathom area. They could only be overwhelmed after a major police operation.

In the 1830s, Nakhon Pathom was a dilapidated town with 300 houses and around 12 Buddhist temples. There was also the famous sanctuary of the monks at Bang Thammasala.

Economy and Transport

Sugar cane is grown in the area, in the past to produce edible sugar, today it is also used to produce eco-fuel.

Nakhon Pathom has a train station on the Southern Railway , which connects Bangkok with Malaysia .


Phra Pathom Chedi
  • Phra Pathom Chedi ( พระ ปฐม เจดีย , sacred chedi of the beginning ) - is considered the tallest Buddhist building in the world and is about 127 meters high, rediscovered by King Mongkut (Rama IV) during his time as a wandering monk in the jungle (restored since 1853) and on At the instigation of his son Chulalongkorn (Rama V.) it was covered with fine Chinese bricks.
    • Phra Ruang Rochanarit - about eight meters high, standing Buddha in the northern chapel.
    • New museum at the southern entrance of the temple complex, which mainly shows objects from the Dvaravati period, which were found during the construction work on the chedi and in the surrounding excavations, as well as Buddha statues in the Mon style
  • Wat Phra Praton Chedi ( พระ ประ โท ณ เจดีย์ ) - small, quiet temple with old Khmer prang and a small but popular shrine for the heroes of a legend Phya Khong and his foster mother Yai Hom.
  • Wat Songdhammakalyani - ( วัด ทรงธรรม กัลยาณี ) - Thailand's only Bhikkhuni temple, also open to interested western women.
  • Sanam Chan - the palace complex of King Vajiravudh in the west of the city. Today the Sanam-Chan-Palast-Campus of the Silpakorn University is housed in the complex.

Local festivals

North wing of the Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University
  • The Phra Pathom Chedi Festival - in November following the Loi Krathong festival, a colorful hustle and bustle with prayers by the monks reminds of the importance of Chedi (and the city) for Buddhism in Thailand.


The Sanam Chan Palace campus of Silpakorn University is located in Nakhon Pathom .


Individual evidence

  1. Terwiel (1989), p. 68
  2. Terwiel (1989), p. 78
  3. Terwiel (1989), p. 91
  4. "On Thailand & Engaged Buddhism": Wat Songdhammakalyani (in English)


Web links

Commons : Nakhon Pathom  - collection of images, videos and audio files