Nakhon Pathom (Province)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nakhon Pathom
จังหวัด นครปฐม
Seal of the Nakhon Pathom Province
Capital: Nakhon Pathom
Telephone code: 034
Surface: 2,168.3 km²
Residents: 851.426 (2009)
Population density : 392 E / km²
ISO 3166-2 :
Governor : Wanchai Wongchaichana.
Malaysia Myanmar Laos Vietnam Kambodscha Narathiwat Yala (Provinz) Pattani (Provinz) Songkhla (Provinz) Satun (Provinz) Trang (Provinz) Phatthalung (Provinz) Krabi (Provinz) Phuket Phang-nga (Provinz) Nakhon Si Thammarat (Provinz) Surat Thani (Provinz) Ranong (Provinz) Chumphon (Provinz) Prachuap Khiri Khan (Provinz) Phetchaburi (Provinz) Ratchaburi (Provinz) Samut Songkhram (Provinz) Samut Sakhon (Provinz) Bangkok (Provinz) Samut Prakan (Provinz) Chachoengsao (Provinz) Chon Buri (Provinz) Rayong (Provinz) Chanthaburi (Provinz) Trat (Provinz) Sa Kaeo (Provinz) Prachin Buri (Provinz) Nakhon Nayok (Provinz) Pathum Thani (Provinz) Nonthaburi (Provinz) Nakhon Pathom (Provinz) Kanchanaburi (Provinz) Suphan Buri (Provinz) Ayutthaya Ang Thong (Provinz) Sing Buri (Provinz) Saraburi (Provinz) Lop Buri (Provinz) Nakhon Ratchasima (Provinz) Buri Ram (Provinz) Surin (Provinz) Si Sa Ket (Provinz) Ubon Ratchathani (Provinz) Uthai Thani (Provinz) Chai Nat (Provinz) Amnat Charoen (Provinz) Yasothon (Provinz) Roi Et (Provinz) Maha Sarakham (Provinz) Khon Kaen (Provinz) Chaiyaphum (Provinz) Phetchabun (Provinz) Nakhon Sawan (Provinz) Phichit (Provinz) Kamphaeng Phet (Provinz) Tak Mukdahan (Provinz) Kalasin (Provinz) Loei (Provinz) Nong Bua Lam Phu (Provinz) Nong Khai (Provinz) Udon Thani (Provinz) Bueng Kan (Provinz) Sakon Nakhon (Provinz) Nakhon Phanom (Provinz) Phitsanulok (Provinz) Uttaradit (Provinz) Sukhothai (Provinz) Nan (Provinz) Phayao (Provinz) Phrae (Provinz) Chiang Rai (Provinz) Lampang (Provinz) Lamphun (Provinz) Chiang Mai (Provinz) Mae Hong Son (Provinz)Map of Thailand with the province of Nakhon Pathom highlighted
About this picture

Nakhon Pathom ( Thai : จังหวัด นครปฐม , [ náʔkʰɔ̄ːn pā.tʰǒm ]) is a province ( Changwat ) in the central region of Thailand .


Nakhon Pathom is located about 50 kilometers west of the center of the state capital Bangkok . However, Bangkok has already expanded to the boundaries of Nakhon Pathom.

Nakhon Pathom lies in the lowlands of the Mae Nam Chao Phraya and drains over the Mae Nam Tha Chin , an estuary of the Chao Phraya.

Bordering provinces:
north Suphan Buri and Ayutthaya
east Nonthaburi and Bangkok
south Samut Prakan
west Ratchaburi and Kanchanaburi


The climate is tropical - monsoonal .


Mainly Thais live in Nakhon Pathom . In addition, there are also descendants of the Lao Khrang laborers who were abducted by Siamese from Laos (the total number in Thailand is 53,000).

Economy and Importance


Over 50% of the area is used for agriculture , mainly for growing rice and fruit . Nakhon Pathom is known in Thailand for pomelo . The minimum wage is 300 Baht (around 6.50  euros / day - April 1, 2012). The "Gross Provincial Product" ( gross domestic product ) in 2009 was 136,699 million Baht .


The table below shows the share of the economic sectors in the gross provincial product in percent:

Industry 2006 2007 2008 2009
Agriculture 09.7 09.7 11.1 12.1
Mining / open pit mining 00.9 00.9 01.0 01.1
Industry 59.9 56.3 53.4 51.8
Other 29.5 33.1 34.5 35.0

Local products

Land use

The following land use is documented for the province:

  • Forest area: -
  • Agricultural area: 727,336  Rai (1163.7 sq km), 53.7% of the total
  • Unclassified area: 627,868 rai (1,004.6 km²), 46.3% of the total area

Power consumption

power consumption
consumption 2006 2007 2008 2010
Total consumption / GWh 2,985 3,093 3.115 3,572
Consumption per person / kWh 3,631.8 3,722.2 3,692.5 4,152.3


Originally Nakhon Pathom was a city on the coast of the Gulf of Siam , but the coastline changed as a result of sedimentation by the Chaophraya. After the course of the Tha Chin had changed and the city slowly dried up, the population moved to Nakhon Chaisi (or Sirichai).

Historians assume that Nakhon Pathom was settled as early as the 3rd century BC . In any case, Buddhism was introduced to Siam from here. The Indian ruler Asoka sent the two monks Phra Utara and Phra Sona here to bring Buddhism to this "golden land" ( Suvarnabhumi ). That is why there is one of the world's largest Buddhist buildings, the great Chedi, in the city, which was inspired by King Rama IV. Mongkut . The chedi houses relics of the Buddha .

During the reign of King Rama I (r. 1782-1809) a comprehensive tax system was introduced, including for alcohol. Nakhon Pathom was named Nakhon Chaisi it together Suphan Buri and Samut Sakhon managed

In several settlement spurts during the 19th and early 20th centuries, people from Cambodia , Laos and northern Thailand came to Nakhon Pathom. Recently, people and employers from Bangkok are increasingly moving to Nakhon Pathom to avoid the capital's problems (high rents, constant traffic jams).

See also : History of Thailand


Buddha statue Luang Pho Wat Rai Khing in the Amphoe Sam Phran
  • Phutthamonthon Park (also spelled Buddha Monthon ), a "Buddhist park" in the district of the same name.
  • Sam Phran Elephant and Crocodile Farm - shows with crocodiles and elephants showing how they are raised and trained
  • Rose Garden - on the banks of the Tha Chin River also in the Amphoe Sam Phran , shows traditional Siamese amusements and games such as cockfighting, folk dances, sword fights and Buddhist ceremonies
  • Wat Rai Khing in the Amphoe Sam Phran on the banks of the Mae Nam Chaisi (Chaisi River, another name for the Tha Chin), Buddhist temple ( Wat ) from the time of King Mongkut (Rama IV.) .
  • Jesada Technik Museum - Here you can find collections of old cars, trucks and airplanes


Phra Pathom Chedi, the highest Buddhist stupa in the world and the most important landmark in the province

The seal of the Nakhon Pathom Province shows the Phra Pathom Chedi , the largest chedi in the world. It is located in downtown Nakhon Pathom . In 1860 King Rama IV Mongkut had the pagoda rebuilt. That is why the seal also adorns the royal crown.

The local tree is Diospyros decandra .

The motto of Nakhon Pathom Province is:

"The province of pomelos , sweet and pleasant,
The country with white rice ,
The local daughters are the most beautiful
Khao Lam, sticky rice in bamboo sticks , is extremely tasty. "

Administrative units

Provincial Administration

The province is divided into seven amphoe ('districts' or 'counties'). These are further subdivided into 106 tambon ('sub-districts' or 'communities') and 930 muban ('village communities').

No. Amphoe Thai
1. Amphoe Mueang Nakhon Pathom อำเภอ เมือง นคร ป ฐ น
2. Kamphaeng Saen district อำเภอ กำแพงแสน
3. Amphoe Nakhon Chai Si อำเภอ นครชัยศรี
4th Amphoe Don Tum อำเภอ ดอนตูม
5. Bang Len district อำเภอ บางเลน
6th Sam Phran district อำเภอ สามพราน
7th Amphoe Phutthamonthon อำเภอ พุทธ มณฑล
Amphoe (districts) of Nakhon Pathom Province
Thesaban (municipalities) in Nakhon Pathom Province: “Big city” in red, “Cities” in orange, “Small towns” in yellow

Local administration

A provincial administrative organization ( บริหาร ส่วน จังหวัด , อบ จ for short , Ongkan Borihan suan Changwat ; English Provincial Administrative Organization , PAO) exists for the entire area of ​​the province .

The province also has 23 thesaban ('municipalities') - including a "large city" (the provincial capital), four "cities" (Sam Phran, Rai Ching, Krathum Lom and Nakhon Pathom) and 18 "small towns". There are also 93 tambon administrative organizations for rural areas that do not belong to any municipality.


  • Barend Jan Terwiel : Trough Travelers' Eyes: an approach to nineteenth century Thai history . Bangkok: Duang Kamol 1989. ISBN 9742104557 .
  • Thailand in Figures, Vol.II: Region and Province . 16th edition 2012-2013, Alpha Research Co., Ltd., Nonthaburi, Thailand 2012, ISBN 978-616-7256-12-6

Web links

Commons : Nakhon Pathom  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Thailand in Figures (2011), p. 255
  2. Website of the Nakhon Pathom Province ( memento of the original from July 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. a b c d e f g h i [ Brochure of the Nakhon Pathom Province] (Thai; website no longer available, last checked March 22, 2014)
  4. a b c Thailand in Figures (2012), p. 39.
  5. "Industry" includes: Manufacturing; Electricity, gas and water supply; Construction
  6. ^ "Others" include: Wholesale and retail trade; Hotels and restaurants; Transport, storage and communication; Real estate; Education; Health and social work, ...
  7. Terwiel (1989), p. 72
  8. Jesada Technology Museum

Coordinates: 13 ° 55 '  N , 100 ° 7'  E