Chiang Rai (Province)
|Population density :||102 E / km²
|ISO 3166-2 :|
|Governor :||Prachon Pratsakun (ประจญ ป รัช ญ์ สกุล)|
Chiang Rai is the northernmost province of the country in the middle of a wild mountain landscape. The average altitude is 580 meters.
The province is about 850 kilometers north of the capital Bangkok .
|Adjacent provinces and areas:|
|north||Land border with Myanmar (Burma) and Laos|
|east||National border with Laos|
|south||Phayao and Lampang|
Due to the altitude, the climate is moderately tropical - monsoonal . Average temperatures range from 12 ° C at night (January) to 35 ° C during the day (April). The maximum temperature in 2009 was 37.5 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 8.7 ° C. In the same year, there was 1,625.0 mm of precipitation on 117 rainy days .
Climate Chiang Rai
Economy and Importance
The provincial capital is the trading center for goods of all kinds. A specialty is the cultivation of lychee , which was introduced from southern China around 1830.
The table below shows the share of the economic sectors in the gross provincial product in percent:
The following land use is documented for the province:
- Forest area: 3,227,888 Rai (5,164.6 km²), 44.2% of the total area
- Agricultural area: 2,163,449 Rai (3,461.5 km²), 29.6% of the total area
- Unclassified area: 1,907,644 Rai (3,052.2 km²), 26.1% of the total area
- Mae Fah Luang International Airport - Chiang Rai ( Thai : ท่าอากาศยาน นานาชาติ แม่ ฟ้า หลวง เชียงราย , IATA airport code : CEI, ICAO code : VTCT)
- Chiang Rai Airport (ICAO: VTCR) is a military airfield in southwest Chiang Rai
- Chiang Rai Bus Terminal
- Phan Bus Terminal
- Mae Sai Bus Terminal
- Chiang Rai Rajabhat University
- Ramkhamhaeng University Chiang Rai Campus
- Overbrook Hospital, Chiang Rai
- Chiang Rai Pracha Nu Khro Hospital, Chiang Rai
- Sri Burin Hospital, Chiang Rai
The province has existed since 1910.
Again and again, light to moderate earthquakes shake the Chiang Rai area. On March 24, 2011, near the town of Tali in northern Burma, an earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale took place in which a woman was killed by a collapsing wall.
The majority population of the province is made up of Tai Yuan (or "Northern Thais", own name Khon Müang ). Officials do not regard these as an ethnic minority, but as Thai . According to the language data from the 2000 census, just over 12% of the population are members of the so-called hill tribes , mainly Yao , Akha , Karen , Hmong and Lisu . A clear increase can be seen here compared to 1990, when only 3.4% stated that they speak one of the languages of the mountain peoples. The proportion of residents without Thai citizenship has increased from 0.5% (1990) to 8% (2000), the proportion of Buddhists has decreased from 95.1% (1990) to 90.6% (2000).
- Wat Prathat Doi Tung - Buddhist temple complex ( Wat ) at Ban Huai Krai, which has existed since 911. A relic of the Buddha is said to be housed here, so the temple is considered the most sacred in the region. There is also a fantastic view of the surrounding mountains and you can see Buddha statues, which are among the oldest in Thailand.
- Stalactite cave - at Tham Luang , the caves extend 7 km into the mountain (see also rescue operation in the Tham Luang cave )
- Sop Ruak ( Golden Triangle ) - the confluence of the Mekong and the Maenam Sai . The west bank of the Mekong belongs to Thailand, the east bank to Laos and the triangle between Mekong and Sai to Myanmar .
- Chiang Saen - Ancient city (with excavation site and a museum), which was probably founded between the 6th and 8th centuries. Destroyed during battles with the Khmer in the 11th century, it was rebuilt around 1325 . Its heyday lasted until 1558.
- National parks :
coat of arms
The coat of arms shows a white elephant, the symbol of the royal family. It is a reminder that Chiang Rai was founded by King Mangrai, supposedly because his favorite elephant was so comfortable here.
The motto of Chiang Rai Province is:
- "The northernmost part of the country,
- Doi Tung is the city's high mountain peak,
- The land of sweet travel , sweet lychees ,
- Pineapple from Nang Lae and tasty teas ,
- Preserving the culture, with beautiful women everywhere. "
In Thai: เหนือ สุด ใน สยาม อร่าม ดอย ตุง ผดุง วัฒนธรรม รส ล้ำ ข้าวสาร หอม หวาน ลิ้นจี่ สตรี โสภา โสภา ชา เลิศ รส สัปปะ รด นาง แล
A provincial administrative organization ( บริหาร ส่วน จังหวัด , อบ จ for short , Ongkan Borihan suan Changwat ; English Provincial Administrative Organization , PAO) exists for the entire area of the province .
- Thailand in Figures, Vol.II: Region and Province . 16th edition 2012-2013, Alpha Research Co., Ltd., Nonthaburi, Thailand 2012, ISBN 978-616-7256-12-6
- Provincial Administration website (in Thai)
- Overview map of the province (names in Thai and English) [last accessed on November 23, 2013]
- German information from the Tourist Authority of Thailand (TAT)
- CAVE RESCUE LEADER KEEPS POST AS NEW GOV. TAKES OVER . Khao Sod . "Prachon Pratsakun, who formally replaced Narongsak Osottanakorn yesterday in a government order that displeased many on social media, [...]"
- Thailand in Figures (2012), p. 229.
- Southeast Asia: Dozens of dead in quake in Burma - SPIEGEL ONLINE (last accessed on March 24, 2011)
- Key indicators of the population and households, Population and Housing Census 1990 and 2000: Chiang Rai
- Department of Provincial Administration : As of 2012 (in Thai)