Nation and state
From 1927 to 1944, Die Nation und Staat was a German-language specialist journal for minority issues . It was published as a 20-page monthly issue in all European countries with German minorities . Until 1938 it was subtitled German magazine for the European minority problem , then German magazine for the European nationality problem . The editorial office was in Vienna , from 1938 in Berlin .
The nation and state appeared from 1927 to 1944 in the publishing house of William Braumüller university bookstore . It was financed and published from 1927 to 1933 by individuals from various regional associations of German minorities, such as the Batschka German Dr. Jakob Bleyer (chairman of the German minority in Hungary ), the Baltic German Dr. Paul Schiemann (chairman of the German minority in Latvia ), Johannes Schmidt-Wodder from North Schleswig (chairman of the German minority in Denmark ), the Transylvanian Saxony Rudolf Brandsch (chairman of the German minority in Romania ). Just as it is today, the German government subsidized the German minority associations abroad, along with their educational institutions and newspapers, almost entirely from tax revenues .
In addition, the editorial team received temporary grants from the European Nationalities Congress , which financially supported various minority newspapers (not only German ones) and whose standpoints were reflected in the nation and state . The level of the magazine was generally very demanding and required knowledge of the distinction between nation and state and legal principles on minority issues in individual countries. Specifically, the articles contained in scientific form fundamental discussions about minority influences , legal comments on the situation of individual minorities in Europe, essays on minority movements, reviews of books and magazines as well as reports on the successes and failures of ethnic groups in individual countries. For a long time the sheet contained various depictions and approaches to solving the problem of minorities. For example, Marxist theories by Karl Renner or Otto Bauer were given the floor as well as the Zionist ideas by Jitzchak Gruenbaum or Leo Motzkin , but also the politics of ethnic groups by Albert Brackmann and Norbert Gürke . Only in 1938, after the dissolution of the European Nationalities Congress, did the editors invariably switch to the presentation of the National Socialist national politics.
On April 1, 1933, the Association of German Ethnic Groups in Europe took over the publishing house. The editor in charge was Ferdinand von Uexküll-Güldenband (* 1890; † 1939) until the end of May 1938, then Werner Hasselblatt , who was the sole editor from October 1942. The production of the magazine was stopped in November 1944. Since 1961, the successor to the Europa Ethnica has been published , which continues the annual census of the nation and state .
Well-known regular authors (selection)
- Jacob Robinson
- Paul Schiemann
- Ewald Ammende
- Janez Starc
- Leo Motzkin
- Yitzchak Gruenbaum
- Johannes Schmidt-Wodder
- Karl Renner
- Rudolf Brandsch
- Ferdinand von Uexküll-Güldenband
- Johannes Schmidt-Wodder
- Werner Hasselblatt
- Karl Maria Swoboda
- Braumüller Verlagschronik p. 6. (PDF; 4.05 MB) , Wilhelm Braumüller Universitäts-Verlagsbuchhandlung, accessed on June 8, 2017.
- Arnold Weingärtner: Nation and State: a monograph, volumes 17-20. Braumüller, 1979, p. 8 f.
- BMI Lexicon Minorities ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Federal Ministry of the Interior, accessed on June 8, 2017.
- Jacob Robinson: The minority problem and its literature: critical introduction to the sources and the literature of the European nationality question of the post-war period, with special consideration of the protection of minorities under international law. Walter de Gruyter, 1928, pp. 18-22.
- Arnold Weingärtner: Nation and State: a monograph, volumes 17-20. Braumüller, 1979, p. 119 f.
- Baltic Historical Commission (ed.): Entry on Uexkull-Guldenband, Ferdinand Wilhelm Frh. V .. In: BBLD - Baltic biografisches Lexikon digital , accessed on June 8, 2017.