Werner Hasselblatt

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Werner Richard Karl Hasselblatt (born June 10 . Jul / 22. June  1890 greg. In Tartu , Estonia ; † 24. January 1958 in Lüneburg ) was a Baltic German lawyer and politician.


Werner Hasselblatt, son of the historian and journalist Arnold Hasselblatt , began his professional career in Dorpat as a lawyer and justice of the peace . During the Russian Civil War he fought in the Baltic regiment against the Red Army . Hasselblatt was a board member of the German-Baltic Party , which he represented from 1923 to 1932 as a member of the Riigikogu . In 1925 he took part in the founding of the European Nationalities Congress as well as in the drafting of the law on the cultural autonomy of national minorities in Estonia. From 1931 to 1945 he was managing director and occasionally chairman of the Association of German Ethnic Groups in Europe . In 1932 he moved his headquarters from Vienna to Berlin , where he lived from then on.

Hasselblatt was considered a sympathizer of the National Socialist national politics . From the beginning of 1933 he was a member of the People's German Council as well as the founder and later member of the national law working group of the Academy for German Law . In April 1933, the Association of German Ethnic Groups in Europe took over the editing of the journal Nation und Staat , in which Hasselblatt regularly wrote articles on the minority problem. He repeatedly advocated a consistent separation of national-cultural concerns from general-state affairs. From October 1942, the association no longer signed, but only Werner Hasselblatt as publisher.

An essential part of his work consisted in the preparation of reports and memoranda in which he supported demands for border revisions. During the Second World War he made contributions to German population policy in Eastern Europe. Although, in the opinion of historians, Hasselblatt cannot be characterized as a pioneer or advocate of the extermination policy, he did not criticize the injustice of the occupation policy in Eastern Europe in his work, rather he called for more effective forms of organization.

In 1945 he moved with his family to Lüneburg , where he died in 1958.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Entry in the baptismal register of the university parish in Dorpat (Estonian: Tartu ülikooli kogudus)
  2. ^ Hilke Lenzing: The German ethnic group in Denmark and National Socialist Germany (1933-1939): a contribution to the problem of German ethnic groups during the Third Reich. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, 1973, p. 187.
  3. ^ Arnold Weingärtner: Nation and State: a monograph. Volumes 17-20. Braumüller, 1979, p. 8.
  4. ^ Jörg Hackmann: Werner Hasselblatt (1890-1954). In: Gert von Pistohlkors , Matthias Weber (ed.): State unity and national diversity. Festschrift for Prof. Dr. Michael Garleff on his 65th birthday . 2005, pp. 178, 196.