City of Oberharz am Brocken
|Height :||400 m above sea level NN|
|Residents :||169 (Jan 1, 2010)|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 1950|
|Postal code :||38889|
|Area code :||039454|
View of Neuwerk from the Hahnenkopf
Both the houses built on the slope of the Bodetal and the striking tower of the former village school with historical clockwork are characteristic of the image of the place . Today the Hüttenplatz with old hut buildings and the many ditches for the use of water power bear witness to the former importance of the mining site. Some of these trenches have recently been made usable again and are now being used again to generate electricity with the help of hydropower. Another special feature is the highest railway viaduct in northern Germany in the Kreuztal.
Neuwerk is mentioned for the first time in 1448 in connection with an ironworks located on the left bank of the Bode, the Neuer Werk , in the division recess of Count Ulrich and Bernhard von Regenstein . Neuwerk owes its creation and name to you. The name Stahlberg is also evidence of this. The water from the Bode drove pounding hammers and the blowers for the high oven.
The marble mill founded by monks from the Michaelstein monastery in Kreuztal was put back into operation in 1715 and worked until 1889. The high quality of the marble led to its use in some of the magnificent buildings of the Prussian kings.
During the GDR era, there was a pioneer camp on the outskirts of Neuwerk directly on the Bode, which has unfortunately fallen apart today.
In 1654 Neuwerk received its first school and a teacher in an empty building. Until then, the students went to school in Hüttenrode.
In 1704 a new school building was built, which was expanded in 1732 and received a belfry with an iron bell and a new organ in 1837. Badly damaged by fire in 1850, it was rebuilt in 1852.
The old school house was a so-called prayer hall school. It contained the preceptor's apartment, the prayer room and the classrooms. The teachers in the hut towns on the Bode bore the title of hut prefect because they were also responsible for the pastor's duties.
From 1905 the new school on the opposite side of the street could be used. The old school house then served as a church hall on the upper floor and as a teacher's apartment, community office and later as a sales point (consumption) on the ground floor. Nowadays it is used by the Neuwerk miners' train.
The mechanical movement of the New School also dates from 1905 and has been preserved in its original form. The tower was renovated in 2005, the school building in 2012/2013.
On July 1, 1950, Neuwerk was incorporated into the neighboring Rübeland, which on January 1, 2004 became a district of Elbingerode (Harz) . Since the dissolution of the city of Elbingerode (Harz) on January 1, 2010, it has belonged as a district of Rübeland to the newly founded city of Oberharz am Brocken.
- Website about Neuwerk
- Municipalities 1994 and their changes since January 1, 1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2004