|ZIP code section||ST5|
|Part of the country||England|
Newcastle-under-Lyme is a town in the English county of Staffordshire , around 42 km north of Stafford . It has 73,944 inhabitants and is the administrative seat of the Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme .
Often referred to as Castle by the locals , the town is eight kilometers west of neighboring Stoke-on-Trent . With these cities almost grown together, Newcastle is unofficially often viewed as a wealthy suburb of Stoke-on-Trent. Together with Kidsgrove, they both form a metropolitan area known as The Potteries .
The town's name derives from the "new" castle ( new castle ) of the 12th century, have been preserved from the ruins. The addition under-Lyme referred to the proximity to the former Lyme forest. The 13th century St Giles Church was rebuilt in 1876.
Like neighboring Stoke-on-Trent, Newcastle developed into the center of the ceramic industry , and later also of coal mining . Today these branches of the economy only play a subordinate role and have given way to the production of machines, electric motors, textiles and food.
In 1835, Newcastle received borough status as a result of the Municipal Corporations Act . In 1932 the city expanded through the incorporation of numerous surrounding villages, such as B. the entire Wolstanton United Urban District and the village of Clayton from Newcastle under Lyme Rural District .
The city was chosen to be the site of a University College of North Staffordshire campus in 1949, which was converted into the University of Keele in 1962 . Keele University is the largest campus university in the UK and is located near the suburb of Keele, five kilometers west of the city center. Most (~ 70%) of the approximately 12,700 students (2006) live in comfortable dormitories on the university campus - the remaining mostly in Newcastle-under-Lyme itself.
- Thomas Harrison (1606–1660), Puritan and general during the English Civil War
- Philip Astley (1742–1814), inventor of the "modern circus"
- Joseph Cook (1860–1947), Australian Prime Minister
- Vera Brittain (1893–1970), writer and feminist
- Jackie Trent (1940-2015), singer and actress
- Robert Carter (1955-2015), writer
- Eddie Hall (* 1988), Strongman (World Strongest Man 2017)