East Timorese passport
The East Timorese passport ( Portuguese passaporte de Timor-Leste ) is the official photo ID for East Timorese citizens for travel abroad. The regular passport is issued by the National Directorate of Notaries ( Portuguese direção nacional de notariado ), which belongs to the East Timorese Ministry of Justice . Diplomatic passports are issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the East Timorese diplomatic missions abroad. Service passports are issued by the Ministry of Justice, abroad under the responsibility of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
After the occupation by Indonesia (1975-1999), the former Portuguese colony came under the interim administration of the United Nations (UNTAET). According to the realpolitical affiliation, residents of East Timor had first Portuguese and then Indonesian travel documents. The short time after the proclamation of independence on November 28, 1975, until the open invasion nine days later and the annexation by Indonesia in 1976, was not sufficient to produce internationally recognized travel documents. The United Nations issued appropriate documents for East Timorese who had to go abroad. At the beginning these consisted of just a single sheet of paper.
The passport was introduced after the independence of East Timor on May 20, 2002 with Regulation (Decreto Lei) 2/2002 of June 27. The travel documents issued by UNTAET remained valid until November 30, 2002 at the latest . Since 2017, it has complied with the international requirements for biometrics . The first biometric and electronically readable copy was presented to former Prime Minister and President Xanana Gusmão by Justice Minister Ivo Jorge Valente on May 5, 2017 . It uses a Gemalto system .
According to the Government Regulation 2/2002 Legal Status of Passports, different categories of passports are provided:
- normal passport for citizens of East Timor
- Diplomatic passport
- Service passport
- Travel document for foreigners
The passport is valid for two years for children under the age of twelve, five years for citizens up to the age of 59 and ten years for people over the age of 60.
The East Timorese passport has 32 pages. The typical cost of issuing a passport in ten days is $ 50, $ 75 in three days, and $ 100 in 24 hours. Diplomatic and service passports are free for users. The Ministry of Justice and Finance determine the fees jointly.
Holders of the East Timorese passport are exempt from the visa requirement for the European Union .
The President of the State, the President of Parliament, the Prime Minister, the President of the Supreme Court , the Attorney General, the President of the Tribunal Superior Administrativo, Fiscal e de Contas , the Vice Presidents of the Parliament, the Ministers, the Generality of the Defense Forces of East Timor and the Security Forces receive a diplomatic passport , the deputy ministers and state secretaries, the deputy attorneys general, the Roman Catholic bishops in East Timor and equivalent or higher-ranking dignitaries, the employees of the diplomatic service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, persons who carry out missions accredited for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to foreign governments or international organizations. In addition, there are spouses, children and employees of these people if they live with them or travel with them.
The Secretary of State may issue diplomatic passports in special cases, other persons.
The diplomatic passport has a dark green cover.
Service passports are given to the members of the national parliament , the civil and military personnel of the president, the directors of the departments in the ministries and their peers on official missions, the staff of the foreign ministry on official missions, other persons on official missions who do not receive a diplomatic passport and vice and Honorary consuls, provided they have East Timorese citizenship.
Service passes are valid for two years, which can only be extended for a further two years. If the owner no longer has the office for which he was given the passport, the passport loses its validity.
The service passport has a darker cover than the normal and diplomatic passports.
Travel document for foreigners
The East Timorese travel document for foreigners can be issued to people who:
- live in East Timor, are stateless, come from countries that do not have a diplomatic or consular representation in East Timor or that can clearly demonstrate that they are unable to obtain a passport.
- do not have their own passport and are under diplomatic or consular protection East Timor due to consular cooperation agreements between East Timor and their country of origin
- come from a country where there are exceptional reasons why it makes sense to issue a passport.
The application of the last two possibilities is decided by the responsible consular authority of East Timor after consultation with the Ministry of Justice.
The travel document for foreigners has a gray cover.
- ↑ a b c d Diario Nacíonal: Primeiro passaporte biométrico de Timor-Leste atribuído a Xanana Gusmão , May 5, 2017 , accessed on May 5, 2017.
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j Jornal da República : DECRETO LEI GOVERNO 2/2002 REGIME JURÍDICO DOS PASSAPORTES , accessed on May 6, 2017.
- ↑ East Timor and Indonesia Action Network : For East Timorese - no passports yet, but just fill out a form , November 15, 1999 , accessed May 5, 2017.
- ^ Government of East Timor: Launch of Timor-Leste's electronic passport , accessed on May 6, 2017.
- ↑ Globe Newswire: East Timor government goes live with Gemalto's electronic passport solution , June 6, 2017 , accessed June 7, 2017.
- ↑ Introduced with Regulation (EU) No. 509/2014 (PDF) of May 15, 2014, which came into force on June 9 , 2014.
- ↑ a b c Photo of the four pass options