Lobkowitz Palace (Vienna)
The Palais Lobkowitz (also: Palais Dietrichstein-Lobkowitz ) is a baroque palace in Vienna's 1st district, Inner City . It stands on Lobkowitzplatz, named after him, and is one of the oldest palace buildings in Vienna. The palace is the first significant baroque city palace after the Second Turkish Siege , when the nobility no longer had to invest their money only for military purposes.
In contrast to its interior, the facade of the palace has largely been preserved in its original state from the time it was built.
Today's Lobkowitzplatz was called the pig market until 1716 , as the Viennese "Saumarkt" was held here until the end of the 17th century. At that time one of the Viennese execution sites was also located here .
The original house on the site of today's palace was sold in 1685 by Leopold Freiherrn von Felß to the imperial stable master Philipp Sigmund Graf von Dietrichstein . The count also bought the neighboring bathhouse and had both buildings demolished. From 1685 to 1687 he had the current palace built by Giovanni Pietro Tencalla . Master stonemason Ambrosius Regondi from Kaisersteinbruch delivered hard Kaiserstein for the steps of the main staircase.
The Dietrichstein family later commissioned several alterations to the palace. In 1709, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach found a solution that was unique in Vienna for the main portal: it was vaulted with a richly decorated, three-dimensional diadem arch. These stone carvings were carried out by Giovanni Battista Passerini and Elias Hügel from Kaisersteinbruch. Fischer von Erlach's son Joseph Emanuel also received an order.
After several changes of ownership (including Count Wenzel Gallas ) the palace was bought in 1745 by Ferdinand Philipp, Prince of Lobkowitz. From then until 1980, the palace was owned by the Lobkowitz family .
At the turn of the 19th century, Ludwig van Beethoven was often a guest in the palace, as the then owner Franz Joseph Maximilian von Lobkowitz was an important patron of the composer. Beethoven dedicated his 3rd symphony to him (originally dedicated to Napoleon and therefore called "Eroica"). On June 9, 1804, it was premiered in the ballroom of the Palais (later called the "Eroica Hall") under the direction of Beethoven. Beethoven's 4th Symphony was also premiered here in March 1807.
After two concerts in the Winter Riding School of the Vienna Hofburg on November 29 and December 3, 1812, Musikfreunde founded a Society of Friends of Music (today known worldwide as the Wiener Musikverein ). In the Lobkowitz Palace, there was a list on which those interested in founding membership could register. The first seat of the company was in the palace.
At the time of the Congress of Vienna , numerous parties and balls were held in the palace. Around the middle of the 19th century, the Lobkowitz family moved the family headquarters to the Raudnitz family palace north of Prague and released the Vienna palace for rent.
From 1869 to 1909 the house was used as a French embassy. From 1919 to 1938 the Czechoslovak embassy was housed here, from 1939 to 1945 (after adaptation by Josef Hoffmann ) the “House of Fashion”. After the end of the Second World War , the house was used as the headquarters of the Vienna Institut français . In 1980 the palace was finally bought by the state and, after extensive renovation, has been used as the Austrian Theater Museum (in the Association of the Scientific Institute, Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien ) since 1991 .
Portal from Fischer von Erlach
- Wolfgang Kraus, Peter Müller: Vienna Palace . Blanckenstein Verlag, Munich 1991
- Dehio-Handbuch Wien I. Bezirk - Innere Stadt , Berger Verlag, Horn / Vienna 2003, ISBN 3-85028-366-6
- Johann Szegö: From palace to palace, exploring the city of Vienna . Palais Loblowitz , S 20, Metroverlag 2013. ISBN 978-3-99300-113-1
- History and views of the Lobkowitz Palace on the Theater Museum website
- Planet Vienna - Lobkowitz Palace
- Entry via Palais Lobkowitz to Burgen-Austria