Dietrichstein (noble family)
Dietrich Stein (also Dietrichsteiner , Dieterich Stone ) was a widespread, from Carinthia derived Austrian noble family , has been charged in his nikol burg branch in 1624 in the imperial princes and thus the high nobility belonged. It is first mentioned in a document in 1002 and became extinct in the male line in 1864. The Dietrichstein Castle near Feldkirchen in Carinthia is regarded as ancestral castle .
According to research by Helmuth Grössing , a distinction can be made between the first Dietrichstein house from the family of the Hochfrei von Projern-Leonstein family, which went out at the beginning of the 14th century, and the second Dietrichstein house. The latter comes from the family of those von Nussberg, who appeared in Carinthia in 1250 with Mathias von Nussberg (near Sankt Veit an der Glan ) and from the Nikolaus I. von Nussberg and St. Veit, cl. 1290-1304 with an heir daughter of Rudolf von Dietrichstein was married. Nikolaus called himself "von Dietrichstein" from his sons and became the progenitor of the younger Dietrichstein family, while his brother Ortolf continued to call himself "von Nussberg and St. Veit". From 1517 to 1586 the Dietrichsteiner u. a. Owner of the Freyherrschaft Paternion .
The family later split into two main lines: The Weichselstätt-Rabensteinische , which died out in 1861 with Count Johann Duclas von Dietrichstein, and the Hollenburg-Finkensteinische from which two branches emerged: the older (" Hollenburgsche " or Austrian) branch and the younger ( " nikolsburgische " or royal) branch in 1514 in the imperial baron , 1600 or 1612 in the imperial counts and in 1624 finally imperial Prince of primogeniture was charged. Members of this line had owned the important rule of Nikolsburg (Mikulov) in Moravia since 1575 and were later given further titles: the 3rd Imperial Prince acquired the title of Prince Count of Tarasp in 1684 , the 6th Imperial Prince acquired the title in 1769 as heir of his maternal grandfather of a Count of Proskau , the 7th Prince of the Empire, acquired in 1802 the title of Count of Leslie as heir to the last Count Leslie of Balquhaine. The Nikolsburg or princely branch of the Dietrichstein family ceased to exist in the male line in 1864 with the death of the 10th prince of Dietrichstein.
Four years later, which was Austrian statesman and foreign minister Alexander Graf von Mensdorff-Pouilly , (1813-1871), who was married since 1857 to a daughter of the 9th princes of Dietrichstein by Emperor Franz Joseph under the name Prince of Dietrichstein to Mikulov in the Austrian princes raised (for the primogeniture ), the remaining descendants should bear the name Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrichstein . However, this continuation of the Dietrichstein in the female line also expired in 1964 in the male line. However, female descendants of the original royal family can be found in many Austrian and foreign noble families.
Dietrichstein Castle , Carinthia
Hollenburg Castle , Carinthia
Nikolsburg Castle , Moravia
Libochovice Castle , Bohemia
Tarasp Castle , Graubünden
- Pankraz von Dietrichstein (1446–1508), received from Maximilian I in 1506 the inheritance tavern office in Carinthia
- Siegmund von Dietrichstein (1484–1533), follower of Emperor Maximilian I.
- Adam von Dietrichstein (1527–1590), received the rule of Nikolsburg ( Mikulov ) in Moravia from Maximilian II in 1575
The princes of Dietrichstein
Imperial princes from the Dietrichstein family
- Franz Seraph von Dietrichstein , 1st Imperial Prince of Dietrichstein (* Madrid August 22, 1570, † Brno (Brno) September 19, 1636); since 1599 cardinal , prince-bishop of Olomouc , governor of Moravia and since 1624 imperial prince von Dietrichstein. His nephew followed him:
- Maximilian von Dietrichstein , 2nd Imperial Prince of Dietrichstein (* 1596; † 1655); Governor of Moravia, owner of the Nikolsburg rule , imperial count since 1612, also imperial prince since 1629; ⚭ 1. Princess Anna Maria von und zu Liechtenstein, daughter of Prince Karl ; ⚭ 2. Sophia Agnes Countess von Mansfeld, daughter of Wolfgang III. Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort zu Bornstädt. His son followed him:
- Ferdinand Joseph von Dietrichstein , 3rd Reichsfürst von Dietrichstein (born September 25, 1636, † November 28, 1698); Owner of the Nikolsburg rule in Moravia, since 1684 Count of Tarasp prince ; ⚭ Princess Maria Elisabeth von Eggenberg , daughter of Prince Johann Anton I von Eggenberg, Duke of Krumau . His son followed him:
- Leopold Ignaz Joseph von Dietrichstein, 4th Prince of Dietrichstein (* 1660; † 1708); Owner of the Nikolsburg estate in Moravia, Count von Tarasp etc .; ⚭ Maria Godofreda Dorothea Countess zu Salm zu Gleen u. Amstenrald, baroness of the city and the country of Wachtendonk (* 1667, † 1732), daughter of Carl Theodor Fürst von Salm. His brother followed him:
- Walther Franz Xaver Anton von Dietrichstein, 5th Imperial Prince of Dietrichstein (* 1664, † 1738); Owner of the Nikolsburg estate in Moravia; ⚭ 1. Zuzana Liborie Kateřina Prakšická from Zástřizl to Boskowitz ; ⚭ 2. Karolina Maximiliana Pruskovská z Pruskova Countess of Proskau (* 1674; † 1734), daughter of Count Georg Christoph. His son followed him:
- Karl Maximilian von Dietrichstein-Proskau , 6th Imperial Prince of Dietrichstein (* 1702; † 1784); Owner of the Nikolsburg rule in Moravia, since 1769 also Count von Proskau (as heir to his maternal grandfather); ⚭ Maria Anna Josepha Countess of Khevenhüller zu Aichelberg (* 1705, † 1764), daughter of Count Johann Heinrich Friedrich I of Khevenhüller. His son followed him:
- Johann Baptist Karl Walther von Dietrichstein-Proskau-Leslie, 7th Prince of Dietrichstein (* 1728, † 1808); Count von Proskau, owner of the Nikolsburg estate in Moravia, from 1802 also Count von Leslie (as heir to Anton Leslie, the last Count Leslie of Balquhaine); Owner of the estate of Neu-Ravensburg as a replacement for the County of Tarasp , resident in Budin and Libochowitz in Bohemia; ⚭ 1. Maria Christina Countess of Thun and Hohenstein , daughter of Johann Joseph Franz Anton Count of Thun and Hohenstein, on Tetschen; ⚭ 2. Maria Anna von Baldauf (Baltrauff), the "Princess Nannerl" at the Congress of Vienna. His son from his first marriage followed him:
- Franz Joseph von Dietrichstein-Proskau-Leslie , 8th Prince of Dietrichstein (* 1767, † 1854); Count of Proskau and Leslie, owner of the Nikolsburg estate in Moravia; ⚭ Alexandra Andrejewna Schuwalova, daughter of Count Andrei Petrovich Schuwalov. His son followed him:
- Joseph Franz von Dietrichstein-Proskau-Leslie, 9th Imperial Prince of Dietrichstein (* 1798, † 1858); Count von Proskau and Leslie ⚭ Countess Gabriela Countess Wratislaw von Mitrowicz (Wratislawová z Mitrowicz). Since he did not leave a son, according to the family contract, the rule of Nikolsburg in Moravia fell to his daughter Alexandrine Countess Mensdorff (1824–1906), who was made Princess of Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg in 1868 (see below) and the Bohemian Fideikommiss Budin and Libochowitz fell to her Daughter Theresia Countess Herberstein (1822–1909). His uncle, a younger son of the 7th Imperial Prince, followed as Prince of Dietrichstein-Proskau-Leslie:
- Moritz Joseph Johann von Dietrichstein-Proskau-Leslie , 10th Prince of Dietrichstein (born February 19, 1775 in Vienna; † August 27, 1864) ⚭ 1800 Maria Theresa Countess von Gilleis (* 1779; † 1860); his only son Joseph Moritz von Dietrichstein (* 1801; † 1852) had already died before the 9th Imperial Prince.
Austrian princes von Dietrichstein from the House of Mensdorff-Pouilly
- Alexander Graf von Mensdorff-Pouilly , 1st Prince of Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg (* August 4, 1813; † February 14, 1871) ⚭ 1857 Countess Alexandrine von Dietrichstein-Proskau-Leslie (* 1824; † 1906), a daughter of the 9th Imperial Prince of Dietrichstein. In 1868, Emperor Franz Joseph raised him to the Austrian prince's rank in the primogeniture under the name of Prince von Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg , his descendants were given the name Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrichstein . He was also the owner of the Nikolsburg estate in Moravia. His son followed him:
- Hugo von Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrichstein, 2nd Prince of Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg (* 1858, † 1920); Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly , owner of the Nikolsburg estate in Moravia; ⚭ Princess Olga Alexandrovna Dolgoruki (* November 27, 1873 - January 3, 1946). The children of Prince Hugo received the approval to use the name Dietrichstein-Mensdorff-Pouilly by the highest resolution (AE) of Emperor Charles I of July 12, 1917 (the diploma was issued in Vienna on August 3, 1917) . His son followed him:
- Alexander Albert Olivier Anton von Dietrichstein-Mensdorff-Pouilly, 3rd Prince of Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg (* July 15, 1899, † January 12, 1964); Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly, owner of the Nikolsburg estate in Moravia; ⚭ Paris October 29, 1930 Maria de las Mercedes Dose y Obligado (* Buenos Aires June 18, 1903; † Munich January 21, 1964). He was the last Prince of Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg from the House of Mensdorff-Pouilly in the male line, as he left only one daughter.
With the son of this daughter, the name Dietrichstein-Mensdorff-Pouilly still exists today in the form Leloir von Dietrichstein-Mensdorff-Pouilly .
More family members
- Gundacker von Dietrichstein (* 1623, † 1690), Count, 1684 Prince of Dietrichstein, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
- Johanna Beatrix von Dietrichstein-Nikolsburg (* approx. 1625; † 1676), Princess of Liechtenstein
- Sigmund Helfried von Dietrichstein (* 1635; † 1698), Governor of Carinthia
- Edmunda Maria Theresia von Dietrichstein-Nikolsburg (* 1652; † 1737), Princess of Liechtenstein
- Ferdinand von Dietrichstein (* 1678; † 1744), Lord von Arbesbach , founder of Dietrichsbach around 1700, nephew of Gundacker von Dietrichstein
- Andreas Jakob von Dietrichstein (* 1689; † 1753), Prince Archbishop of Salzburg from 1747
- Joseph Carl von Dietrichstein (* 1763; † 1825), first governor of the Imperial and Royal Privilege National Bank and Land Marshal of Lower Austria
- Moritz II von Dietrichstein-Proskau-Leslie (* 1801; † 1852), Austrian ambassador
coat of arms
Family coat of arms and prince coat of arms
Blazon : The family coat of arms of the von Dietrichstein family shows two silver winemaker's knives with gold handles in a shield divided diagonally by gold and red; on the helmet with red and gold covers three black ostrich feathers, covered with the shield image .
Blazon: The coat of arms of the princes of Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg from the House of Mensdorff-Pouilly shows a quartered shield; Fields 1 and 4 in silver a red armored blue lion (Mensdorff-Pouilly), fields 2 and 3 in field divided by gold and red diagonally to the right, two shiny winegrower's knives with golden handles (Dietrichstein); on the shield of the prince's hat .
Increased coat of arms of the Barons von Dietrichstein, modern
Traces of the coat of arms in the municipal coat of arms
Municipal coats of arms in the Czech Republic still show traces of the ancestral coat of arms of Dietrichstein. The city arms of Mikulov show the family arms of the Dietrichstein family, as well as the arms of the municipalities of Kroměříž and Olešenka .
Town coat of arms of Mikulov with the family coat of arms of the Dietrichstein included
City arms of Kroměříž with the family arms of Dietrichstein included
Coat of arms of Olešenka
- J. Siebmacher's Great Book of Arms . Volume 30: The coats of arms of the Bohemian nobility : Fürsten zu Dietrichstein, p. 191, coat of arms table 81–82.
- JSversch, JG Gruber: General Encyclopedia of Sciences and Arts , Part 25 (reprint: Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt Graz, 1971).
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Dietrichstein, the counts and princes of, genealogy . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 3rd part. Typogr.-literar.-artist publishing house. Institution (L. C. Zamarski, C. Dittmarsch & Comp.), Vienna 1858, pp. 295-298 ( digitized version ).
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Dietrichstein, the counts and princes of, coat of arms . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 3rd part. Typogr.-literar.-artist publishing house. Establishment (L. C. Zamarski, C. Dittmarsch & Comp.), Vienna 1858, p. 299 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Procházka novel : Genealogical handbook of extinct Bohemian noble families . Neustadt an der Aisch 1973, ISBN 3-7686-5002-2 , 28, 56, 89, 95, 115, 140, 141, 142, 217 and 236.
- Genealogical manual of the nobility . Adelslexikon Vol. II . Complete series vol. 58. CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 1974, p. 484 f.
- Helmuth Grössing: To the oldest genealogy of the princes and counts of Dietrichstein . Carinthia I. 1983, p. 149 f.
- Novel von Prochazka: Genealogical handbook of extinct Bohemian gentry families. Supplementary volume . Published by the Board of Directors of the Collegium Carolinum (Institute) , Research Center for the Bohemian Lands. R. Oldenbourg Verlag, Munich and Vienna 1990, ISBN 3-486-54051-3 Derived from Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg (rich house), pp. 28–36.
- Franz Gall : Austrian heraldry. Handbook of coat of arms science. 2nd edition Böhlau Verlag, Vienna 1992, ISBN 3-205-05352-4 , p. 270.
- Ivo Cerman: Habsburg Nobility and Enlightenment. Educational behavior of the Viennese court nobility in the 18th century . Franz Steiner Verlag 2010.
- Family tree of the earliest ancestors of the Dietrichstein
- Paul Eugen Grimm: Dietrichstein, from. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Arno Kerschbaumer: Nobilitations under the reign of Emperor Karl I / IV. Károly király (1916-1921) . Graz 2016, ISBN 978-3-9504153-1-5 , p. 54.
- Altzinger Forest Management: History , accessed on June 18, 2018
- Genealogical handbook of the nobility, Adelslexikon vol. II, complete series vol. 58, CAStarke Verlag Limburg / L. 1974, p. 485
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Adelslexikon Volume II, Complete Series Volume 58, CA Starke Verlag Limburg / L. 1974, p. 485