General election in Catalonia 2021

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2017Result of the general electionnext
(in %)
 %
30th
20th
10
0
23.04
21.30
20.04
7.69
6.87
6.67
5.57
3.85
4.13
0.84
Gains and losses
compared to 2017
 % p
 10
   8th
   6th
   4th
   2
   0
  -2
  -4
  -6
  -8th
-10
-12
-14
-16
-18
-20
+9.18
−0.08
−1.62
+7.69
−0.59
+2.21
−19.78
−0.39
+3.00
+0.40
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
Remarks:
b The ERC's electoral alliancewith smaller parties.
f CUP electoral alliancewith smaller parties
j Blank ballot papers
Distribution of seats
9
8th
33
33
32
6th
3
11
8th 33 33 32 6th 11 
A total of 135 seats
Person in the vote in Riudoms

On February 14, 2021, the election for the regional parliament of Catalonia took place. The 135 members of the regional parliament of the XIII. Legislative period since the 1979 statute came into force .

It was about early elections. The election date was initially set for February 14, 2021. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic , the regional government postponed the election date from January 15, 2021 to May 30, 2021.

This postponement was overturned by the court, so that the election took place on February 14, 2021.

Developments in the XII. Legislative period and election date

Previous election and impeachment of the Prime Minister

The previous election took place on December 21, 2017. On May 14, 2018, Quim Torra ( PDeCAT ) was elected Prime Minister of the region by parliament. He formed a coalition government of PDeCAT and ERC .

During the election campaign for the elections to the Pan-Spanish Parliament on April 28, 2019 , the Junta Electoral Central ordered that symbols of Catalan separatism (especially yellow ribbons ) should be removed from the buildings of the regional government as improper election propaganda by public institutions. Prime Minister Torra did not comply with this order, which is why he was charged with disobedience ( desobedencia ).

On December 19, 2019, Torra was sentenced by the Supreme Court of Catalonia ( Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Cataluña ) to a fine of € 30,000 and the loss of the ability to hold public office ( inhabilitación ). Torra appealed against this so that the judgment did not initially become final.

Due to a regulation of the Spanish electoral law, according to which the loss of eligibility in the conviction of certain offenses (which includes disobedience) occurs with the conviction even if the judgment is not yet final, the Junta Electoral Central ruled on January 3, 2020 that Torra's mandate should be withdrawn. This decision was upheld by the Spanish Supreme Court ( Tribunal Supremo ) on January 23, 2020. Since the president of the regional parliament Roger Torrent (from Torras coalition partner ERC) implemented this loss of mandate, it came to a coalition crisis. As a result, Torra (who had only lost his parliamentary mandate but was initially able to remain Prime Minister) announced on January 29, 2020 that the legislative period had no political future for him and announced a dissolution of parliament after the budget had been passed, so that new elections would take place during the Year 2020 was expected. Due to the intervening of the COVID-19 pandemic, Torra then refrained from doing this.

On September 28, 2020, the Tribunal Supremo rejected Torras' appeal against the judgment of December 19, 2019, whereby the inhabilitación became final and Torra also lost the office of Prime Minister. His deputy, Pere Aragonès (ERC), thus became executive prime minister.

Dissolution of parliament and fixing of the election date

On October 21, 2020, Parliament's President Torrent formally stated that, after talks with the parties, he could not propose a candidate for the post of Prime Minister to Parliament. This finding had the legal consequence that the regional parliament is to be dissolved after two months if it does not succeed in electing a new prime minister within this period. Since there was no such thing (and there were no candidates at all), the Acting Prime Minister Aragonès ordered the dissolution of parliament by decree of December 21, 2020 and, in accordance with the provisions of the electoral law, set new elections on the 55th day after the dissolution (i.e. on February 14, 2021).

However, the decree contained a provision that would allow the election date to be postponed if the election on February 14, 2021 should not be possible due to the development of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the same way, the regional elections in the Basque Country and Galicia , which were originally supposed to take place on April 5, 2020, had already been postponed to July 12, 2020 in spring 2020 .

Failed postponement of the election date

In January 2021, the pandemic situation in Spain and Catalonia worsened again ("third wave"). On January 15, 2021, the regional government heard the parties represented in the regional parliament, all of which were in favor of postponing the election. Opinions differed only on the question of the exact new election date. By decree of the same day, the acting Prime Minister Aragonès canceled the election date of February 14, 2021. The decree named May 30, 2021 as the expected new election date, but did not set it definitively.

However, following complaints from several parties not represented in parliament and one eligible voter, the Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Cataluña revoked the decree postponing the election on January 22, 2021, so that the election took place on February 14, 2021.

Survey

Election forecasts

The polls predicted a three-way battle between the two pro-independence parties, the ERC, as well as Junts and the social democratic PSC , which are opposed to independence. The strongest in the last election in 2017 party Ciutadans was forecast a strong loss of votes, the first time in the Catalan Parliament the right party is, according to the pollsters Vox move.

There were also different results on the question of whether the independence proponents or their opponents would win the majority of the parliamentary seats. In the opinion of most institutes, the outcome was open.

course

Survey values ​​averaged over monthly survey results, from the 2017 election to the 2021 election

Results

The turnout was 53.55 percent, significantly lower than in the 2017 election.

Parties

Overall result

Parties be right Votes in%
(change)
Seats
(change)
Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya (PSC-PSOE) 652.858 23.04 +9.18 33 +16
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC) 603,607 21.30 −0.08 33 +1
Junts per Catalunya (Junts) 568.002 20.04 −1.61 32 −2
Vox (Vox) 217.883 7.69 New 11 New
Candidatura d'Unitat Popular –Un nou cicle per guanyar (CUP-G) 1 189,087 6.67 +2.21 9 +5
Catalunya en Comú-Podem (CatComú – Podem) 194,626 6.87 −0.59 8th ± 0
Ciutadans (C's) 157.903 5.57 −19.78 6th −30
Partit Popular (PP) 109,067 3.85 −0.39 3 −1
Partit Demòcrata Europeu Català (PDeCAT) 77.059 2.72 New - -
Other 40,033 1.40 +0.96 - -
Abstentions 24,021 0.84 +0.40 - -
invalid 40,966 1.43 - - -
A total of 2,874,610 100.0% ± 0 135 ± 0
Source: Resultas
1Electoral alliance of Candidatura d'Unitat Popular and the small Capgirem party.

Provinces

PSC-
PSOE
ERC-
CatSí
Junts Vox CUP-
CC
CC
Podem
Cs PP Other
Total seats
Barcelona 25.05%
23
20.42%
19
17.90%
16
7.83%
7
6.30%
5
7.76%
7
6.10%
5
4.05%
3
4.59%
-
85
Girona 15.17%
3
21.80%
4
32.68%
7
6.16%
1
9.04%
2
4.04%
-
3.25%
-
1.99%
-
5.87%
-
17th
Lleida 15.00%
3
26.58%
5
28.04%
5
5.53%
1
7.40%
1
3.23%
-
3.21%
-
3.54%
-
7.47%
-
15th
Tarragona 20.04%
4
24.49%
5
19.37%
4
9.40%
2
6.79%
1
4.91%
1
5.23%
1
4.32%
-
4.32%
-
18th
Catalonia (total) 23.02
33
21.31
33
20.06
32
7.69
11
6.68
9
6.86
8
5.57
6
3.85
3
4.96
-
135

Attitude to the independence of Catalonia

Overall result

Distribution of seats
74
8th
53
74 8th 53 
A total of 135 seats
Parties be right Votes in%
(change)
Seats
(change)
Pro-independence
(ERC, Junts, CUP, PDeCAT)
1,437,755 50.77 +3.27 74 +4
Contra independence
(PSC, Vox, Cs, PP)
1,137,711 40.13 −3.20 53 −4
Neutral / Unclear
(including CatComú – Podem)
258.680 9.10 +0.10 8th ± 0
A total of 2,834,146 100.0% ± 0 135 ± 0

Provinces

Per Contra Neutral
Total seats
Barcelona 47.15%
40
42.99%
38
9.86%
7
85
Girona 66.71%
13
26.57%
4
6.72%
-
17th
Lleida 66.62%
10
27.28%
5
6.10%
-
15th
Tarragona 53.71%
10
38.99%
7
7.30%
1
18th
Catalonia (total) 50.77
74
40.13
53
9.10
8
135

Individual evidence

  1. Elecciones Catalanes 2021 (Spanish)
  2. Decreto 147/2020, de 21 de diciembre, de disolución automática del Parlamento de Cataluña y de convocatoria de elecciones. In: Boletín Oficial del Estado. December 22, 2020, accessed January 8, 2021 (Spanish).
  3. Decreto 1/2021, de 15 de enero, por el que se deja sin efecto la celebración de las elecciones al Parlamento de Cataluña del 14 de febrero de 2021 debido a la crisis sanitaria derivada de la pandemia causada por la COVID-19. In: Website of the Boletín Oficial del Estado . January 15, 2021, accessed January 21, 2021 (Spanish).
  4. TSJC, decision v. January 22, 2021. In: Junta Electoral Central website . January 22, 2021, accessed February 15, 2021 (Spanish).