Paul Buettner

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Paul Büttner (born December 10, 1870 in Dresden ; † October 15, 1943 ibid) was a German choir director , music critic and composer of the late Romantic period.


Paul Büttner's grave in the New Annenfriedhof in Dresden

Paul Büttner's parents originally came from the Eastern Ore Mountains . The father worked in a glass factory in Dresden-Löbtau . Büttner wrote his first smaller compositions at the age of eight. After school he was given a free position at the Dresden Conservatory . He first studied oboe and then took composition lessons from Felix Draeseke , whose most important pupil he became.

His father's death made him responsible for the upkeep of his family. Büttner earned the money he needed by playing as an oboist in various smaller orchestras for dancing.

After Paul Büttner became head of various workers' choirs, he worked from 1896 to 1907 as a choir conductor at the Dresden Conservatory. From 1905 he was given the post of federal conductor of the Dresden Workers' Choir Association. For 21 years from 1912 onwards he worked as a music critic for the social democratic Dresdner Volkszeitung . In 1917 he received the title of professor. In 1924 he was appointed artistic director of the Dresden Conservatory.

When the National Socialists came to power in 1933, Paul Büttner was relieved of all his offices. He was ostracized because of his political activities in previous years and because of his Jewish wife. He died in poverty on October 15, 1943 in Dresden. His grave is in the New Annenfriedhof in Dresden.

Paul Büttner was married to Eva Büttner , geb. Malzmann (1886-1969). Peter Voigt, one of his grandchildren from his first marriage, looked after his estate, which is now in the Saxon State Library - Dresden State and University Library .


Büttner is mentioned as one of the last great symphonic composers in the direct successor to Anton Bruckner , Johannes Brahms and his teacher Draeseke. He wrote vocal works, chamber music and symphonic works. Richard Wagner's influence can also be heard in his music . His most important compositions are his four symphonies .

Works (selection)


  • Menasche
  • Anka

Orchestral works

  • Symphony No. 1 in F major (1898)
  • Symphony No. 2 in G major (1908)
  • Symphony No. 3 in D flat major (1915)
  • Symphony No. 4 in B minor (1918)
  • Prelude, Fugue and Epilogue A Vision (1920)
  • Heroic Overture in C major (1925)
  • Overture in B minor (1929)
  • Slavic Dance, Idyll and Fugue (1932)
  • Concert piece for violin and orchestra in G major (1917)

Chamber music


Paul Büttner's estate was looked after by Eva Büttner until her death. Afterwards it was managed by Büttner's daughter, who in 1982 transferred it to the Saxon State Library - Dresden State and University Library (SLUB). It contains compositions by Büttner totaling 48 catalog numbers, as well as 12 volumes of music reviews that Büttner wrote for the Sächsische Volkszeitung Dresden.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Michael Ernst, once ostracized, now forgotten. in: Dresdner Latest News, October 15, 2018, online
  2. Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen, 96 (1982), p. 378.
  3. Musical collection. in: Neue Zeit , March 11, 1983, p. 4.