Petras Kubiliūnas

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Petras Kubiliūnas (born May 16, 1894 in Rokiškis district , † August 22, 1946 in Moscow ) was a Lithuanian lieutenant general of the interwar period who was the highest-ranking Lithuanian representative in the general district of Lithuania during World War II under German occupation . In 1946, Kubiliūnas was executed as a collaborator in Moscow .


Kubiliūnas passed the Abitur at a grammar school in Riga and then attended the military school in Vilnius until 1914 . During the First World War he took part in the Tsarist army in the Latvian regiment. In August 1919 he joined the army of the newly independent Lithuania and took part in battles against the Bolsheviks until the end of 1919 . He commanded a battalion and later chief of staff in the 4th Infantry - Regiment . After various posts in the Lithuanian army and border troops and visits to foreign military schools, he was appointed lieutenant general and chief of staff in 1929. In 1934 he took part in an unsuccessful coup attempt against Antanas Smetona , which was supposed to bring Augustinas Voldemaras to power. A military tribunal sentenced him to death , but the sentence was not carried out. In 1937 Kubiliūnas was released from custody.

During the occupation of Lithuania by the Soviet Union in June 1940, Kubiliūnas was arrested. In June 1941 he was released from prison during a revolt against Soviet troops . After the invasion of the Wehrmacht and during the occupation in World War II, he worked from August 1941 to 1944 as head ("First General Council") of the Lithuanian self-government ("Confidence Council") together with the National Socialist German Reich and was subordinate to Theodor Adrian von Renteln . Thus he took on a similar role for Lithuania as Oskars Dankers in Latvia and Hjalmar Mäe in Estonia. Kubiliūnas signed a number of documents for the drafting of Lithuanians for the Waffen SS and for forced labor . When the Red Army approached, he fled to Germany. In December 1945 he was caught by Soviet agents in the British occupation zone and taken to Moscow. He was sentenced to death in a court case and executed in August 1946 .



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