Parish Church Bad Schönau
The Roman Catholic parish church Bad Schönau is visible from afar on the Kirchriegl in the municipality of Bad Schönau in the district of Wiener Neustadt-Land in Lower Austria . The church, consecrated to Saints Peter and Paul , belongs to the Deanery Kirchschlag in the Vicariate Unter dem Wienerwald of the Archdiocese of Vienna . The former fortified church is a listed building .
After the current parish area initially belonged to the Bromberg parish , from 1200 to Edlitz and from 1250 to Krumbach , it became its own parish around 1320. But as early as 1120 the first church was built in Romanesque style at the current location. The structure also served as the first part of a three-part weir system, which also consisted of the permanent house (today's vicarage), an upstream estate in the north and a rampart. In 1320 additions were made (chancel and chapel, today the sacristy) in the early Gothic style. In the 15th century, the defensive capacity of the church was further expanded by building a defensive wall around the cemetery around the church and a machicolation . In addition, a fortified storey was built above the nave, with large parts of the nave itself possibly also being rebuilt. There is also a fountain in the interior of the church.
In 1683 the roof and interior furnishings were destroyed by the Turks. Today's high altar dates from 1689. It represents the Holy Trinity . In addition to Peter, Paul also appears as patron. The completion of the new roof structure lasts until 1713. After the cemetery was moved away from the church in 1825, further extensions to the church followed in 1849 and 1935: first an organ choir and a side church, then a new anteroom with an internal staircase to the choir.
A towerless St. Mary's Church was built on the site of the former manor of the fortifications in 1968, which is now mainly used for worship and holy masses. There is a small herb garden between the two churches.
The high, block-like church building with a defensive upper storey under a steep gable roof carries a roof turret with a pyramid helmet from 1886. The nave and the choir, which are almost the same height, have occasional small windows, the upper storey has slits and in both gables door openings for the lift of loads. On the south wall of the nave are two arched windows and a shoulder portal with a lunette recess, which served from the main entrance until 1849. The slightly retracted square choir has a pointed arched window with tracery as a simple three-pass in the east, showing a monumental wall painting by Christophorus from the end of the 14th century, renovated in 1989 and provided with a protective roof. On the south side of the choir is a sacristy extension, on the west side a vestibule from 1935 with a high entrance to the defensive floor. On the north wall of the nave there is a plaque commemorating the Kuruzzen invasion (1708).
The two-bay nave under a ribbed vault over strong polygonal wall templates. The west gallery with a protruding middle section from 1992 contains the former communion grille on both sides. The ogival triumphal arch is high. The slightly recessed choir square has a rib vault with a recessed diamond star and coat of arms keystone on consoles with coats of arms. To the north of the choir is a late Gothic segmental arched sacrament niche. To the south of the choir, a Romanesque arched funnel window was uncovered, a late Gothic shoulder portal, which formerly led to a crypt chapel and later to the sacristy. The sacristy annex has two bays with ribbed vaults on consoles from the end of the 15th century.
The remarkable upper storey has two rooms above the nave and choir and is separated by a nave gable wall and shows quarry stone masonry that is plastered as a stone and has three loopholes along each side, some of which are walled up.
Wall paintings around 1320 with red drawings were uncovered and restored in 1987 and shows Christophorus at the pulpit, partly destroyed by a later window enlargement, on the north side Georg fighting the dragon, on the south side Christ on the Mount of Olives, in the choir six consecration crosses.
The high altar is a splendid early baroque niche retable from 1689, restored in 1992, with twisted columns and rich acanthus tendrils . In the niche the group of statues Trinity is flanked by the statues Peter and Paul. In the extract is a picture of St. Francis of Assisi . The baroque pulpit bears the statue of Christ Salvator from the early 18th century on the sound cover.
The Gothic font has ten corners.
North below the fortified church, a modern steel-framed church was built in 1968 with architect Josef Strauss, probably as a winter church. The interior design was done with architect Erwin Plevan , the stonemasonry with master stonemason Josef Ecker. The Marienkirche was consecrated in 1969 to Mary, Salvation of the Sick .
The single-storey, spacious church building under a gable roof has glazed gable surfaces and a strict portal and window axis structure. On both sides, under towed pent roofs, there are additions of a sacristy and a Joseph chapel. The interior of the church is a spacious, transversely mounted rectangular room under an open roof structure with a simple overall character.
The altarpiece Last Supper after Leonardo da Vinci was created by Sepp Buchner (1971/1972). Jakob Anton Bucher created the copy of the Mariahilfer image of grace in Vienna . The crib picture was created by Othmar Klemencic (1977).
The organ was built by Rieger Orgelbau (2000).
- The art monuments of Austria. Dehio Lower Austria south of the Danube 2003 . Gloggnitz, Parish Church of St. Peter and Paul, with floor plan, churchyard, rectory, Marienkirche Maria, Heil der Kranken, Rosalienkapelle, pp. 126–129.
- Franz Stundner: The Lower Austrian district of Wiener Neustadt and its communities. A publication of the municipalities of the Wiener Neustadt administrative district, NÖ Verlag, Wiener Neustadt 1992/1996.
- Orgelwerk Marienkirche Parish Church Bad Schönau Rieger Orgelbau, accessed on June 6, 2016