Polski Owczarek Nizinny
|Polski Owczarek Nizinny
(Polish Low Shepherd Dog )
|FCI Standard No. 251|
Male: 45–50 cm.
|List of domestic dogs|
Origin and history
There is no clear evidence of the origin of the Polski Owczarek Nizinny breed. Asian dog breeds such as the Tibetan Terrier , the Lhasa Apso or the Tibetan Spaniel are believed to be ancestors. A first written mention in the "Handbuch für Zoologie" from 1779 by Krzysztof Kluk - zoologist and botanist - and the files of the Zamoyskis Majorate speak for an old origin of the PON. There are "... simple, fluffy dogs, very docile, with great understanding and suspecting the thoughts of the shepherd ..." mentioned.
In Poland, Maris Czetwerryska-Grocholska and the sisters Wanda and Rosa Zoltrowska began to breed this type of dog in the early 20th century. The properties and utility and working dog were the focus of breeding efforts. In 1924 dogs of this breed were shown for the first time at the poultry pigeon and dog show in Warsaw .
At the end of the 1930s, the Polish Breeding Association made efforts with the aim of registering all PON-typical dogs. The Second World War ruined these efforts. After the end of the war, only a few animals of this breed could be found among farmers in Poland. The fact that the breed was able to persist and was standardized is largely thanks to the Polish veterinarian Danuta Hryniewicz (1914–2007) with her breeding z Kordegardy . She traveled through the Polish lowlands and bought up some of the last remaining dogs of this breed. The progenitor of the post-war PONs Smok Kordegardy was born through targeted inbreeding .
Mrs. Hryniewicz was not alone with her efforts for the breed: Elzbieta Kusionowicz with her kennel z Babliej Wsi was also able to show success in obtaining the PON. The male Szilem z Babliej Wsi , who is also one of the forefathers of the PON, comes from her breeding . The kennel z Babliej Wsi only existed for a few years. Nevertheless, Szilem also has famous descendants such as Witez z Kordegardy or Radosz z Psiego Raju . The first dog show after the war took place in Bydgoszcz in the mid-1950s . This is where Smok z Kordegardy was exhibited for the first time. He became the model of the breed, and after him the Bydgoszcz Section, the cynological club in Poland, formulated the standard in 1959 . Other famous PONs from this period are Inkluz z Kordegardy , Isia z Kordegardy and Hajda z Kordegardy. In 1963 the Polski Owczarek Nizinny breed was recognized by the FCI.
On November 10, 1969, the first litter Polski Owczarek Nizinny fell in the GDR and was entered in the stud book of the Special Breeding Association for Shepherd and Herding Dogs of the Association of Allotment Gardeners, Settlers and Small Animal Breeders. The first breeder of Polski Owczarek Nizinny in the GDR was Gertrud Gartenschläger with her kennel from PON-Garten , whose PON bitch Czeremcha z Colchidy was successfully covered by the famous PON dog Doman z Kordegardy , with 4 males / 4 females. The stud book of the VKSK Special Breeding Association for Shepherd and Shepherd Dogs in the GDR had 1665 entries up to the end of the GDR in 1990. The first PONs came to the Federal Republic in 1972 through Jörg Haufschild. He traveled to Poland under difficult conditions and was able to bring the male Limbo Urania to Germany by exchanging two rabbit dachshunds, who became the progenitor of the PONs in Germany. In 1975 the first PON litter fell in the Federal Republic of Germany in the Otti kennel with 3 puppies (2 males / 1 female). The breeder was Jörg Haufschild. In the course of the unification of the two German states, the division for PON breeding in the VKSK was dissolved in June 1990, and most of the breeders of the PON breed from the GDR joined the General Club for Polish Dog Breeds .
The Polski Owczarek Nizinny is a medium-sized dog with a more rectangular than square format. The ratio of height at the withers to length of the trunk is 9:10. The height at the withers should be at least 42 to 47 cm for bitches and at least 45 to 50 cm for males. The PON must maintain the type of a working dog, as a result of which its height must not be below the standard, it must neither be too weak nor sensitive. The stature is short and muscular. The coarse coat is long and dense with a soft undercoat. All colors and stains are allowed. The forehead is characteristically overcast, the stop pronounced.
Since the PON population was very manageable in the early days of breeding, the genetic defect of the shortened rods crept in . In order to be able to present a uniform picture for the recognition of the breed by the FCI, the long-born PON were docked . Docking has been banned in Germany and many other European countries since 1998, and the PON can be presented with its originally long rod.
The PON has now found a place as a family dog and is enjoying growing popularity. Strongly influenced by his people, he is initially reserved towards strangers. Within his family, the PON is very affectionate and playful, but also dutifully performs its task as a watchdog : visitors are reliably reported. He typically shows pronounced herding behavior, but hunting behavior is little or no pronounced.
The temperament of the PON is lively but moderate. He is intelligent, alert, and endowed with excellent memory and receptiveness. The PON is a good feed processor and is resistant to climatic conditions.
His upbringing is easy with loving consistency. Thanks to his will to work, his strong will to please and his excellent memory, the PON can be trained to be a reliable companion dog . It is important for him to have the center of his life in the family. A kennel is therefore excluded.
Originally the Polski Owczarek Nizinny was a herding and guard dog . Since he is rarely used for these tasks, he is now often trained as a reliable companion dog. Due to its maneuverability, the PON is suitable for many dog sports such as agility , obedience or dog dancing . It is also used as a handicapped support dog and has proven itself many times in rescue dog teams .
According to the database of the American Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), hip dysplasia occurs in an average of 15.3% of the dogs examined in PON. In addition, a late-onset form of progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is described in the breed, which is simply inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. The mutation responsible is not known.
The breed is also affected by a form of hereditary ceroid lipofuscinosis (CCL). From the age of about two years, there is initially a detectable deposit of lipofuscin in the fundus , which leads to a progressive deterioration in vision up to blindness at the age of about four years. By this time, sick dogs are usually already showing signs of ataxia , which is steadily worsening. The progressive damage to the nervous system eventually leads to death. The disease is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, and genetic testing is currently not available.
Sources and further links
- E. Jane Brown, Tomasz Borkowski, Margaret Supronowicz: The Official Book of the Polish Lowland Sheepdog. TFH Publications, Neptune City NJ 1995, ISBN 0-7938-2084-7 .
- Helga Zimmermann: PON. (Polski Owczarek Nizinny). Kynos Verlag , Mürlenbach 2003, ISBN 3-933228-75-1 .
- Hans-Joachim Swarovsky: BI-Lexicon dog breeds . 2nd, unchanged edition. VEB Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1985, p. 284-286 .
- Records of the Polish Cynological Association, Związek Kynologiczny w Polsce Al. Jerozolimskie 30 lok. 11, 00-024 Varsovie.
- Studbook of the Association of Allotment Gardeners, Settlers and Small Animal Breeders of the GDR.
- Heinrich Schmidt: Polski Owczarek Nizinny . Self-published
- Mechthild Tibbe: Everything about the PON - Polski Owczarek Nizinny and a little bit about the sheep poodle. Purchase, education, nutrition, care, breeding. Self-published, Friedberg / Bayern 2006, ISBN 3-00-019522-X .
- Polski Owczarek Nizinny (PON) Breed description - PON from the Danube Paradise. Retrieved August 16, 2020 .
- OFA statistics on HD ( Memento of the original from October 19, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PON under its English name Polish Lowland Sheepdog ) (English)
- Gabriele Dekomien, Joerg T. Epplen: Analysis of PDE6D and PDE6G genes for generalized progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) mutations in dogs. In: In: Genetics Selection Evolution. Vol. 35, No. 4, 2003, PMID 12927076 , doi : 10.1186 / 1297-9686-35-5-445 . , pp. 445-456,
- Gabriele Dekomien, Jörg Thomas Epplen: Evaluation of the canine RPE65 gene in affected dogs with generalized progressive retinal atrophy . In: Molecular Vision. Vol. 9, 2003, , pp. 601-605, PMID 14627956 , (PDF; 43 kB).
- Information on the CCL at PON ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. in the University of Cambridge's Inherited Diseases in Dogs database