Saysomboun Province

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ໄຊ ສົມ ບູນ
China Myanmar Vietnam Kambodscha Thailand Phongsali Luang Namtha Bokeo Oudomxay Sainyabuli Luang Prabang Houaphan Provinz Vientiane Präfektur Vientiane Saysomboun Xieng Khouang Bolikhamsai Khammuan Savannakhet Salavan Sekong Attapeu Champasaklocation
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Basic data
Country Laos
Capital Anouvong
surface 8500 km²
Residents 85,168 (2015 census)
density 10 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 LA-XS

Coordinates: 18 ° 50 '  N , 103 ° 5'  E

Saysomboun (also Xaisomboun , Lao : ໄຊ ສົມ ບູນ ) is the youngest province of Laos , located northeast of the capital Vientiane .

Saysomboun was built on December 13, 2013 from parts of the provinces of Xieng Khouang and Vientiane and also borders the provinces of Bolikhamsai and Luang Prabang . Saysomboun consists of the five districts of Anouvong, Long Cheng, Long San, Hom and Tha Thom. The majority of the approximately 85,168 residents are Hmong . Sombath Yialiher was installed as the first governor .


Saysomboun was formed in 1994 for military-strategic reasons from parts of the provinces of Vientiane and Xieng Khouang as an area with special status (Lao: khet phiset , ເຂດ ພິ ເສດ , French: zone spéciale , English: special zone ) in order to better control the local population. A special permit was required to enter this zone. The Long Cheng military base, which was built by the CIA and continues to be used by the Lao military, was located in the special zone.

The zone covered an area of ​​7,105 km²; the population for 2004 was estimated at 70,600. The capital of the zone was Ban Muang Khay . The special zone originally consisted of the following districts:

  1. Hom (18-03)
  2. Longsane (18-04)
  3. Phun (18-05)
  4. Thathom (18-02)
  5. Xaysomboun (18-01)

With effect from January 13, 2006, the special zone was dissolved and the areas returned to the previous provinces:

  • On September 23, 2004, the Hom and Longsane districts were merged. The district, whose name continues to be Hom, was then subordinated to the province of Vientiane.
  • On June 27, 2005, the Phun and Xaysomboun districts were merged. The resulting district was called Xaysomboun.
  • On January 13, 2006 the special zone was dissolved. Xaysomboun was again subordinated to Vientiane Province, while Thaton was subordinated to Xieng Khouang Province.

In December 2013, Xaysomboun was re-established as a province.


International human rights organizations criticized the behavior of the Lao military towards the Hmong resident there . Serious human rights violations are said to have occurred several times .