The rags , even cleaning cloth , wipe , mop , mop , Hader / Huder , pickup , cleaning rags , cleaning rags , floor rags , Feglumpen is a cloth for cleaning and is used for the wet cleaning and dry cleaning. Colloquially, the term is used for cleaning cloths of all kinds, such as the Feudel for floor cleaning. Cleaning rags for the private sector are offered in retail outlets as wipes, cleaning cloths or cleaning cloths. In the commercial sector, cleaning rags are used in workshops and industrial plants. A distinction is made between disposable cleaning rags and reusable cleaning rags. Allocation of cleaning rags and cleaning cloths to private or only to commercial is only possible in exceptional cases, such as the glasses cleaning cloth to private users and the cleanroom cleaning cloth to industry.
Materials and manufacture
According to DIN 61650, these cleaning rags must be made of dry, firm, clean, cotton or semi-linen, also containing viscous materials, free of hooks, eyes, ribbons, zippers and other hard parts, cut into irregular, manageable pieces of at least 20 × 30 cm, a Any size deviating from this must be agreed in advance. Separate disinfection is not required.
In the production of cleaning rags, textiles that are no longer wearable are divided into two main groups:
Swabs are also from terry cloth , flannel , Molton , corduroy or blue plaster and heavy plaster produced. It is generally between colored (colored) and white (undyed) swab distinction, further sub-sorting done in dark colorful, colorful original, bright colorful, ultra-bright, white II, white I .
Price differences result from:
- the material, such as calico, tricot, terry, heavy plaster
- the color optics, such as B. white, light colored, original colored, dark colored
- the degree of sorting, such as B. only thin jerseys, only calico bed linen, only terry towels
- the packaging, such as E.g .: 5 kg, 10 kg, 25 kg
- the origin of the goods, such as collective goods or rental linen or imports from low-wage countries.
Market fluctuations in raw materials and the availability of the collected goods also have an impact on the price.
The curled cleaning rags are usually packed as wrapped pressed bales in 10 kg or 25 kg containers, which in turn are usually grouped on pallets of 300 kg. Other types of packaging are possible (5 kg carrier bag or box). Cleaning rags are traded gross for net, whereby the packaging should not exceed 5% of the gross weight. The prices for cleaning rags that are made from old clothes in accordance with DIN 61650 refer to the kilogram. Cleaning cloths and cleaning cloths of industrial manufacture are also traded by the piece.
Reusable cleaning rags , also known as "cleaning rags in the rental system", are manufactured industrially from hard-wearing knitted fabric, dimensionally accurate for this use and put into circulation by the landlord. The landlord acts as a distributor of the cleaning rags on the one hand, but also as a reconditioner or disposer of the used cleaning rags on the other. The used cleaning rags are cleaned by the landlord himself or on his behalf in industrial washes and, after a visual and detector check for metal chips, are given into the next rental cycle.
In addition to used textiles and knitted fabrics, there are also nonwovens such as nonwoven cleaning cloths made from microfibres, e.g. B. Fleece (fabric) and other natural and man-made fibers use. The nonwovens are also referred to as “non-woven fabrics”. Manufacturing processes are the needling and calendering of a fibrous floor (needle felt), turbulence and solidification of the fibers by air (tangled layer) or directly from granulate (meltblown).
Areas of application: disposable and reusable cleaning rags
Both systems exist in parallel and find their customers. Every user has different requirements for the cleaning rag in order to achieve a specific result, such as: B. coarse dirt pick-up, wet cleaning, dust removal, polishing, polishing. Disposable cleaning rags cover almost all requirements due to the different materials and grades, but differ from reusable cleaning rags when it comes to large consumers of cleaning rags who work through standardized operations in a defined time with the cleaning rag as a tool. The strength of the disposable cleaning rags lies clearly with small consumers and in the charm of the second material cycle, which makes resources that have already been used useful through recycling.
Environmental balance and energy efficiency
From an ecological point of view, the rental system is controversial in the cleaning industry. The cleaning and the transport of the reusable rags lead to environmental damage and energy consumption. In the opinion of the critics, these often exceed the values that result from disposing of the disposable cleaning rags. According to German waste law , direct landfilling without waste treatment has generally no longer been permitted since 2005. Used disposable cleaning rags can be processed into substitute fuel as part of waste treatment and thus replace some of the conventional fuels.
- Atlas of everyday language: Round 2: cleaning rags