Regiswindis , also Reginswind , Reginswindis or Rensin (* around 832 in Lauffen am Neckar ; † around 839 there at the age of seven) is a local saint in Lauffen am Neckar. According to legend, she is said to have been a count's daughter who was murdered there, and has been a saint since the 13th century. In addition to Lauffen, churches are consecrated to her in other places.
According to legend, the count had his groom whipped for carelessness. This servant's sister was said to have been little Regiswindis' wet nurse, and in revenge she is said to have strangled Regiswindis who was entrusted to her and pushed her down from the castle rock into the Neckar . The wet nurse wanted to throw herself into the river afterwards, but the people who entered stopped her and she confessed to her crime. Three days later the dead girl was pulled out of the Neckar by fishermen from Lauffen, with reddish skin, happy facial expression and clasped hands - according to other sources: with arms outstretched so that her body showed the shape of a cross.
The body was initially buried in the churchyard. A short time later the old church, built of poor wood, leaned towards the grave and collapsed the next day. The building could have been the Martinskirche, mentioned as early as the 8th century, or it could have been a church that can only be verified from the remains of foundations and which once gave the “little church” its name.
The Würzburg Bishop Hunbert then had a chapel built into which the Regiswindis' bones were transferred. In the following years Regiswindis was worshiped and the diocese of Würzburg considered transferring the remains to Würzburg.
According to the literature, Regiswindis was born in the year 832 or a little later and is said to have been 7 years old at the time of her death, which means that the incident must have happened in the year 839 or something after. The oldest written sources on this incident date from the 11th century (Acta Sanctorum Jul.).
In 1227, the then bishop of Würzburg finally canonized Regiswindis. For their further admiration, the foundation stone of the Regiswindiskirche in Lauffen was laid that year , which became the new main church of the city. The body of the saint was reburied in a stone coffin in this church. In the early 16th century, the relic was then kept in a precious silver shrine inside a stone cabinet that stood in the north wall of the choir of the Regiswindis Church. After the battle of Lauffen in 1534 the silver shrine was lost, whereupon the bones were embedded in a simpler tin coffin, which was also lost a little later. The old stone shrine from 1227 stood in the cemetery for a long time before it was moved to the choir of the St. Anna cemetery chapel next to the Regiswindis Church around 1880, which has been called the Regiswindis Chapel since then .
In addition to the church in Lauffen am Neckar, there are other Regiswindiskirchen . Regiswindis is the patroness of the church in Vilchband in the Main-Tauber district, where she is also shown in the local coat of arms. The parish church in Gerolzhofen (district of Schweinfurt) is called Holy Mary of the Rosary and Holy Regiswindis . Until 1865 Regiswindis was the patroness of today's parish church of the Assumption of Mary in Elfershausen . All three places once belonged to the diocese of Würzburg.
- Regiswindis . Legend play by Dietzenschmidt , 1924
- Reginswindis, p . In: Johann E. Stadler , Franz Joseph Heim, Johann N. Ginal (Eds.): Complete Lexicon of Saints ... , Volume 5 (Q-Z), B. Schmid'sche Verlagbuchhandlung (A. Manz), Augsburg 1882, pp. 55-56 .
- Hansmartin Schwarzmaier : The Reginswindis tradition of Lauffen. Royal politics and aristocratic rule on the central Neckar . In: Zeitschrift für die Geschichte des Oberrheins / NF , Vol. 131 (1983), pp. 163–198, ( online ; PDF; 2.6 MB).
- Karl H. Mistele: St. Reginswind in legend and history . In: Stadt Lauffen am Neckar (Hrsg.): Heimatbuch on the occasion of the city festival 1984. 750 years city Lauffen aN; 450 Battle of Lauffen a. N .; 450 years of the Protestant parish in Lauffen aN; 70 years of amalgamation of the city and village of Lauffen a. N. Lauffen am Neckar 1984, pp. 95-100.
- Albrecht Kottmann and Gudrun Kottmann: Evangelical churches in Lauffen am Neckar. Regiswindiskirche, Regiswindiskapelle, Martinskirche (art guide; No. 783). 2nd edition Schnell & Steiner, Munich a. a. 1980 (former title Die Regiswindiskirche and Regiswindiskapelle zu Lauffen / Neckar ).
- Otfried Kies: The girl from Lauffen . Dissertation, University of Stuttgart 2010 (not evaluated).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Reginswindis; Rensin|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Local saints of Lauffen am Neckar|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 832|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Lauffen am Neckar|
|DATE OF DEATH||around 839|
|Place of death||Lauffen am Neckar|