|Street in Berlin|
|Overall impression of the road seen from the south|
|Created||in the 19th century|
|Hist. Names||Tilsiter Strasse|
|Cross streets||Landsberger Allee (north), Weidenweg (south)|
|User groups||Road traffic|
The Richard-Sorge-Straße is a street in the Berlin district of Friedrichshain . It leads from Landsberger Allee to Weidenweg and was named after the communist Richard Sorge (1895–1944), who was executed in Japan as a spy for the Soviet Union .
Naming and street history
The Hobrecht plan for the road expansion of the city of Berlin laid down plan radii, called departments , and consecutive numbers for the streets. According to this development plan, the north-south traffic route was designated Straße 41, Section XIII / 2 . On March 8, 1883, the city fathers named it Tilsiter Strasse after the East Prussian town of Tilsit . On September 17, 1969, Tilsiter Strasse was named Richard-Sorge-Strasse. Since 1994 the Tilsiter Lichtspiele in house number 25A have been remembering the previous name .
Several buildings are listed on Richard-Sorge-Strasse . One of them is the former candy, marzipan and chocolate factory in houses number 21A / 22, which is known as the Ernst-Lemmer-Haus . The former Friedrichshöhe stock brewery , located at Landsberger Allee 54 and stretching along Richard-Sorge-Straße, is also a monument. The wooden Christ Church (number 14/15) and houses 7–9 and 83/84, which are part of the Karl-Marx-Allee monument area, are also protected .
There is a plaque commemorating Richard Sorge at number 8. The two former members of the concern group Anna Christiansen-Clausen and Max Christiansen-Clausen are commemorated with another plaque on the same house. You lived in this house after the Second World War . Other memorial plaques commemorated the resistance fighters against National Socialism Eugen Neutert (number 65) and Heinz Nawrot (number 10). However, these panels were dismantled by strangers in the late 1990s and were not renewed by the district administration.
The last apartment of the Berlin Wall victim Hildegard Trabant was in house number 64 . She was shot dead on August 18, 1964 when she tried to flee East Berlin, near the abandoned S-Bahn tracks between Gesundbrunnen and Schönhauser Allee.
Ernst Lemmer House
The Ernst-Lemmer-house number 21A, the headquarters of the regional organization Berlin where since the late 1990s, the Union's charity located is part of a Zweihofanlage with front (number 22) and rear building (No. 21A). It was designed by the architect Reinhard Brehm as a residential building with a factory building and was one of the first buildings in the southern part of what was then Tilsiter Strasse in 1896/97. Erected as a confectionery factory, the building served one after the other from 1905 onwards for a clinic , from 1922/23 onwards for the Osram company and then from 1926/27 onwards for the 'North German Type Foundry '.
The building complex consists of a residential building along the street, which is decorated with Rococo decorations. The four-storey factory building in the courtyard is unplastered, but in the typical Berlin factory style, it is banded with yellow and red bricks and has very large windows. With the help of the Berlin Monument Authority, the Unionhilfswerk, which relocated its headquarters here from Berlin-Dahlem in 1997 , was able to professionally restore both buildings by the year 2000. It was named Ernst Lemmers (1898-1970), who was one of the founders of the CDU and the Free German Trade Union Confederation in the Soviet occupation zone (SBZ) and, after his escape from the SBZ , became Federal Minister for all-German issues .
Evangelical Methodist Christ Church
The Christ Church is a Methodist church at Richard-Sorge-Strasse 14/15. The first church building at this point, a neo-Gothic building without a tower, was built in 1895 for the Elim parish founded in 1888 . This church was destroyed in 1945 at the end of World War II. Thanks to donations from American Methodists , an emergency church made of wood, which had been built by the Swedish construction company WST Blockhus , could be purchased and erected . Shortly after completion, parts of the church went up in flames, whereupon a renovation with better security precautions took place.
The wooden church with a flat gable roof and a small bell tower was built for around 400 visitors. It was supposed to be replaced by a new building in the 1990s, but was then placed under monument protection.
Tilsit plays of light
The Tilsiter Lichtspiele cinema was founded in 1908 as a small movie theater on the ground floor of the residential building at Tilsiter Straße 25A. Technically upgraded again and again, it remained in operation until its closure in 1961. After the reunification , the cinema was reopened together with a pub in 1994 and operated by an association. Later this was converted into a GbR , today's operator. The installation of the restaurant in the entrance area reduced the auditorium to around 60 seats.
Friedrichshöhe stock brewery
In the early 1860s , Georg Patzenhofer laid out the first beer storage cellar for his brewery on Papenstrasse on the grounds of the Friedrichshöhe stock brewery , which occupied property no. 51–62 . Between 1877 and 1886, most of the buildings of the now Aktienbrauerei-Gesellschaft Friedrichshöhe, vorm. Patzenhofer brewery, which was completely at the new location from 1886. The brewery was in operation until 1990, most recently as part of the VEB Getränkekombinat Berlin . After 1990 it was closed. Only three buildings of the former development are preserved today. Right on the corner Landsberger Allee / Richard-Sorge-Straße is a nearly cuboid-zweieinhalbgeschossiger, rich with terracotta decorated, painted at construction, the former Comptoir and residential building. An elongated four-story production building with a raised central section then follows to the south. Three gables of another building, which had been preserved for years as remnants, were demolished in December 2007. Between 2008 and 2010, several rental houses were built on the fallow land, which has become even larger.
- Dagmar Girra: Berlin's street names - Friedrichshain. Edition Luisenstadt 1996, ISBN 3-89542-084-0
- Hans-Jürgen Mende and Kurt Wernicke (eds.): Berlin district lexicon Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. Haude & Spener Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-77590-474-3
Richard-Sorge-Strasse. In: Street name lexicon of the Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein (near Kaupert )
- Tilsiter Strasse . In: Luise.
- Tilsit plays of light
- Annett Gröschner: Aus Anderer Sicht / The Other View (page 625), July 2011, Hatje Cantz, ISBN 978-3-7757-3207-9 .
- Page 48 of the registration of - the Nordend cemetery, Berlin-Niederschönhausen.