Riot Grrrl

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kathleen Hanna with Bikini Kill (1996)

Riot Grrrl (also Riot Grrl or Riot Girl ; from English riot 'riot' and girl 'girl') describes a feminist scene that emerged in the US hardcore punk scene, originally primarily in Olympia (Washington) , in the early 1990s subcultural movement. The Riot Grrrls reacted to the overwhelming majority of male musicians and their dominance in the music scene as well as to elements of stage shows that were perceived as typically male.


Kathleen Hanna , one of the early and most prominent representatives of the movement and for a long time a member of the bands Bikini Kill and Le Tigre , formulated feminist concerns in both texts and interviews. Kathleen Hanna started with exhibitions and a gallery; it was initially supported by Nirvana fundraising events .

As part of the Riot-Grrrl-Movement, in addition to equal rights and artistic realization for women and men, the self-administration of artists and the creation of alternative production and distribution structures are discussed. All-girl bands sprang up, ended up on friends' labels and wrote a plethora of fanzines .

Representatives are or were Babes In Toyland , Bikini Kill , Le Tigre , Bratmobile , Sleater-Kinney , Jack Off Jill , Excuse 17 , Mecca Normal , Tribe 8 , L7 , Team Dresch and Beth Ditto .

The movement's slogan is Revolution Girl Style Now! .

The resistance strategies of many riot grrrls are characterized by communication guerrilla tactics and oversubscription. This is intended to expose the meanings of what is considered “feminine” and “normal” and to attack it by shifting it.

In Germany there were sporadic groups related to the Riot-Grrrl movement or who felt connected to each other, such as The Bride Skin in the Eye , the Mobylettes , the Lassie Singers , Parole Trixi , the Lemonbabies , Blockshot and Live Action Pussy Show . Today the movement lives on with the Ladyfests and, since 2001, with the Girls Rock Camps .

“Grrrl brings the growl back to our kitty throats. Grrrl aims to wake up the naughty, confident and curious ten year old inside us who we were before society made it clear to us that it was time to stop being loud and playing guys, and focus on creating a ' girl ', that is, a decent lady that the boys would like later. "

- Gilbert / Kile 1997: 221

The term girlie developed from the term Grrrl in the 1990s .

Reporting on the system-critical Moscow punk rock band Pussy Riot brought the term Riot Grrrl Movement back into the media in 2012.


  • Joanne Gottlieb, Gayle Wald: Smells Like Teen Spirit. Riot Grrrls, Revolution and Women in Independent Rock . In: Cornelia Eichhorn, Sabine Grimm (Eds.): Gender Killer. Texts on feminism and politics . ID archive, Berlin / Amsterdam 1994, ISBN 3-89408-041-8 , pp. 167-189.
  • Sabine Tietjen: Girlies - a laughing revolt? In: Elfriede Czurda (Hrsg.): Mädchen Muster. Pattern girl . Konkursbuchverlag, Tübingen 1996, pp. 120-134.
  • Andrea Juno: Angry Women - The feminine side of the avant-garde . Hannibal, St. Andrä-WIERT 1997, ISBN 3-85445-134-2 .
  • Gilbert, Laurel / Kile, Crystal: SurferGrrrls. In: SPoKK (ed.): Kursbuch Jugend Kultur. Styles, scenes and identities before the turn of the millennium . Mannheim, 1997, pp. 220-226
  • Anette Baldauf, Katharina Weingartner (ed.): Lips. Tits. Hits. Power? Pop culture and feminism . Folio, Vienna 1998, ISBN 3-85256-077-2 .
  • Anette Baldauf: Feminism and Pop Culture . In: Chantal Mouffe, Jürgen Trinks (Ed.): Feminist Perspectives . Turia and Kant, Vienna 2001, ISBN 3-85132-283-5 .
  • Anja Bierbaum, Kathja Kailer: Girlism - between subversive potential and cultural industrial appropriation . Logos, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-8325-0072-3 .
  • Mark Andersen, Mark Jenkins: Dance of Days: Two Decades of Punk in the Nation's Capital . Akashic, New York 2003, ISBN 1-888451-44-0 .
  • Melanie Groß: From riot grrrls, cyberfeminism and communication guerilla - post-feminist strategies . In: contradictions. Journal of socialist politics in the education, health and social sectors . Issue 87, March 2003, Kleine, Bielefeld, ISSN  0721-8834 , pp. 81-91.
  • Katja Peglow / Jonas Engelmann: Riot Grrrl Revisited! Past and present of a feminist movement . Ventil, Mainz 2011, ISBN 978-3-931555-47-4 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Bernadette La Hengst: Pop Feminism - Sex, Sweat and Self-Irony , in: Spiegel online from April 29, 2008
  2. Katja Sabisch: Varieties of post-feminism: The "riot grrrl" movement (PDF; 107 kB)