Roman Kochanowski

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Roman Kochanowski: Wawel in Cracow (1880)
Grave of the painter and draftsman Roman Kazimierz Kochanowski (1857–1945) in the forest cemetery in Munich.

Roman Kazimierz Kochanowski (born February 28, 1857 in Cracow , Austrian Empire , † August 3, 1945 in Freising ) was a Polish painter and draftsman. He lived mainly in Munich and painted award-winning, atmospheric landscapes.


Kochanowski received his first painting lessons from Maksymilian Cercha in Krakow. From 1873 to 1875 he studied at the Cracow Academy of Fine Arts with Władysław Łuszczkiewicz and Henryk Grabiński . This was followed by studies at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna under Christian Griepenkerl and Eduard Peithner von Lichtenfels until 1879 . After a short stay in Poland in 1880, he went to Munich, where he worked from then on. However, he regularly spent the summer months in his Polish homeland.


In Munich Kochanowski kept in close contact with the Polish art scene active here; he was friends with Alfred von Wierusz-Kowalski , Antoni Kozakiewicz , Włodzimierz Łoś and Piotr Stachiewicz . He was a member of the Munich Art Association and the Artists' Cooperative . He took part in many exhibitions in Germany (Munich, Düsseldorf, Berlin), Poland (Warsaw, Krakow, Lemberg) and in other countries (Vienna, Salzburg, London) and received prizes here. At the Vienna anniversary exhibition in 1888, the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I acquired the painting “Polish Winter”, and a few years later also the landscape painting “Autumn”. The Bavarian Prince Regent Luitpold von Bayern also liked to visit the artist's studio and bought several works from him.

In 1892 he married Maria Keffel, who came from a Bavarian entrepreneurial family. In 1951, Kochanowski's son donated an extensive collection of his father's works to the Warsaw National Museum .


Kochanowski painted in oils and watercolors and made drawings with charcoal. His main motifs were landscapes with Polish villages (from the Krakow area) at different times of the year. Willows appear frequently in these paintings. The Munich school influenced his work with its gray and brown tones. Later works also contain impressionistic elements. He was the only painter of Polish origin who professed a meaningless conception of landscape that focused only on the momentary visual impression. He is also known as the “master of the small format”.

Web links

Commons : Roman Kochanowski  - collection of images, videos and audio files


  • Jens Christian Jensen (Ed.), Polish Painting from 1830 to 1914, catalog for the exhibition from June 24 to August 20, 1978 in the Kunsthalle zu Kiel , DuMont, Cologne 1978, p. 216 f.

Individual evidence

  1. according to Zbigniew Fałtynowicz, Eliza Ptaszyńska, Malarze polscy w Monachium , Muzeum Okręgowe w Suwałkach, Suwałki 2005
  2. according to Götz Czymmek, Anke Repp-Eckert and Ute Fendel, Landscape in Light. Impressionist painting in Europe and North America, 1860-1910 , exhibition at the Wallraf-Richartz-Museum Cologne from April 6 to July 1, 1990 and at the Kunsthaus Zürich from August 3 to October 21, 1990, publisher: Das Museum, 1990
  3. according to Carl August Weber, Life and Works of a European Painter Freising 1949