San Cristóbal (locality, Bolivia)

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San Cristobal
Church of San Cristóbal
Church of San Cristóbal
Basic data
Residents (state) 1754 pop. (2012 census)
height 3761  m
Post Code 05-0901-0200-8028
Telephone code (+591)
Coordinates 21 ° 9 ′  S , 67 ° 10 ′  W Coordinates: 21 ° 9 ′  S , 67 ° 10 ′  W
San Cristóbal (Bolivia)
San Cristobal
San Cristobal
Department Potosí
province Nor Lípez Province
Climate diagram San Cristóbal
Climate diagram San Cristóbal

San Cristóbal is a town in the Potosí department in the highlands of the South American Andean state of Bolivia .

Location in the vicinity

San Cristóbal is a central place in the canton of San Cristóbal in the district ( Bolivian : Municipio ) Colcha "K" in the province of Nor Lípez . The village is located at an altitude of 3761  m about 50 kilometers south of the salt lake Salar de Uyuni in the Gran Pampa Pelada , a wide plain north of the Cordillera de Lípez .


San Cristóbal lies on the Bolivian Altiplano between the Andes mountain ranges of the Cordillera Occidental and the Cordillera de Lípez . The region's climate is semi-arid and characterized by a pronounced time-of-day climate.

The mean average temperature of the region is 7.7 ° C (see climate diagram San Cristóbal) and fluctuates only slightly between 3 ° C in June and July and about 10 ° C from November to March. The annual precipitation is only 100 mm, whereby the months April to November are almost without precipitation; Significant precipitation falls only in the months of January and February with 30 mm per month each.

According to the climate classification , the climate of San Cristóbal is dry and cold ( BWk ) .

Transport network

San Cristóbal is located 286 kilometers by road southwest of Potosí , the capital of the department of the same name.

From Potosí, the asphalted highway Ruta 5 leads 198 kilometers in a south-westerly direction to Uyuni , from there Ruta 701 continues to the south-west and after 61 kilometers crosses the Río Grande de Uyuni and after another 27 kilometers it reaches the village of San Cristóbal .


In 1999 the population including the entire town was relocated six kilometers in a south-easterly direction to make way for large-scale mining of silver, zinc and lead.

The population of the village has increased many times over in the past two decades:

year Residents source
1992 230 census
2001 983 census
2012 1 754 census

Due to the historical population distribution, the region has a high proportion of Quechua population, in the municipality of Colcha "K" 93.0 percent of the population speak the Quechua language.

Individual evidence

  1. Multilateralism, Population Displacement & Resettlement in San Cristóbal Silver Mines, Bolivia  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (English)@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  2. ^ INE - Instituto Nacional de Estadística Bolivia 1992
  3. ^ INE - Instituto Nacional de Estadística Bolivia 2001
  4. Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) 2012 ( Memento of the original of July 22, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. INE social data 2001 (PDF; 5.5 MB)

Web links