Sand Pitcher Bridge

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Coordinates: 52 ° 31 ′ 40 "  N , 13 ° 22 ′ 26"  E

Sand Pitcher Bridge
Sand Pitcher Bridge
View into the Berlin-Spandau shipping canal from the Sandkrug Bridge
use Road traffic , pedestrians
Convicted Invalidenstrasse
Crossing of Berlin-Spandau shipping canal
place Berlin-Moabit
construction Steel frame bridge
overall length 34.10 m
width 29 m, of which 18.7 m is roadway
Longest span 21 m
Construction height 1.28 m
Clear height 4.93
building-costs 18.0 million DM including an auxiliary bridge
start of building 1993
completion 1994
planner Ing.-Büro Grassl GmbH, Berlin and
architects Thomas Baumann & Birgitt Welter
Sandkrug Bridge (Berlin)
Sand Pitcher Bridge

Bridge area 1,025.00 m²

The Sandkrugbrücke over the Berlin-Spandauer Schifffahrtskanal is a steel road bridge that forms the border between the former Berlin districts of Mitte and Tiergarten along Invalidenstrasse . The first river crossing existed at this point as early as the 18th century. The name of the bridge is derived from the “ Sandkrug ” inn , which was on the western side of the bridge and was a popular destination for Berliners in the 18th and 19th centuries.


Before the Berlin-Spandau shipping canal was created in the 19th century by straightening and excavating the Schönhauser Graben , a construction known as the Stone Bridge was already located at its current location . It had a wingspan of around 7 meters. The first documentary mention dates from 1780.

Sandkrugbrücke and border crossing point, 1987

When the trench was widened around 1875, the four bridges that had existed up to then were all torn down and replaced by new buildings. An arch bridge made of iron was built here in 1883. At the end of the Second World War , the construction was badly damaged and poorly repaired in the early 1950s.

This repaired bridge structure served road traffic until the Wall was built in 1961. After that, it was hardly burdened anymore, since the Invalidenstrasse border crossing point was located on the east side of the bridge between 1961 and 1990 , which was only available to West Berliners or diplomats accredited in the GDR and the guards from the Soviet memorial in the Tiergarten .

The bridge was structurally not maintained, was in urgent need of renovation at the end of 1989 when Invalidenstrasse was reopened as a thoroughfare and even had to be completely closed at the end of 1990. The now responsible Berlin Senate had a temporary bridge for pedestrians and drivers built a few meters south of the Sandkrugbrücke. The old Sandkrugbrücke was torn down and put out to tender in a competition that was won by architects Birgitt Welter and Thomas Baumann.

The northern side of the new Sandkrugbrücke with Hamburger Bahnhof in the background, 2008

A five-legged steel construction with an orthotropic deck slab was created . The foundation was carried out on jacketed ductile cast iron piles in reinforced concrete abutments . The engineering companies Bestahl, Stahlbau GmbH , Berlin and Mayreder, Kraus & Co. Baugesellschaft mbH , Berlin branch, carried out the work.

The bridge was reopened at the end of 1994, the auxiliary bridge was then removed. Four slim, modern lighting masts , fine wire mesh as bird protection and a fendered ship's tail unit in the eastern abutment form the equipment of the bridge. The stairs and abutments on both sides are clad with natural stone. The pedestals of the old bridge were integrated into the course of the bridge on both banks. A white concrete band in the northwestern pedestal marks the original course of the former wall.

Memorial plaque for Günter Litfin, the first to die on the "Berlin Wall", placed at the southwest end of the Sandkrug Bridge.

Things to know and see near the bridge

On the west side are the former Hamburger Bahnhof , the main train station and the Humboldthafen . On the east side there is the Charité , the listed building of the former Kaiser Wilhelm Academy with the former Invalidenhaus , today both the seat of the Federal Ministry of Economics , the Invalidenfriedhof and finally the Natural History Museum .


  • Eckhard Thiemann, Dieter Deszyk, Horstpeter Metzing: Berlin and his bridges , Jaron Verlag, Berlin 2003, pp. 150, 153; ISBN 3-89773-073-1

Web links

Commons : Sandkrugbrücke  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ Clearance heights and widths of Berlin bridges at the WSA; accessed on October 15, 2009 (PDF; 287 kB)
  2. Details on the Sandkrug Bridge ( Memento from June 1, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Fa. Grassl; Retrieved October 15, 2009
  3. a b Senate Department for Urban Development with information on the Sandkrug Bridge
  4. Part of the new Sandkrug Bridge . In: Berliner Zeitung , June 23, 1994.
  5. Heavy steel monsters for the Sandkrug Bridge. The new road connection should be ready by the end of 1994 . In: Berliner Zeitung , June 23, 1994; Retrieved October 15, 2009
  6. Architectural monument of the former Kaiser Wilhelm Academy
  7. Architectural monument former invalids house