Scots (people)

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The Scots ( Scottish Gaelic name Gáidheal or Albannaich , English Scots ; from the Latin name Scoti for the Skots , a Gaelic tribe in the 5th century) are the inhabitants of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Alba , English: Scotland ), part of it of the United Kingdom , in the north of Great Britain . Scotland has a population of around 5.3 million - around 9% of the UK's population. 65% of them live in the central Lowland .


1.5% of Scots (mostly in the Hebrides ) speak Scottish Gaelic ( Gàidhlig in Gaelic, Scots Gaelic in English); Scots is spoken by about a third of the population; The main language is English.



There are numerous stereotypes about Scottish culture, some of which are unflattering , and they still live on in contemporary German-language textbooks . On the positive side, the Scots are seen as courageous and independent, but are also portrayed as literally “ stingy ”, which is sometimes attempted to explain “that Scotland was very poor in the past, so that people simply had to be more economical.” Since such pseudo-historical attempts to explain that To consolidate rather than correct clichés, they are viewed as unsuitable in cultural studies .

The Highlander impressed the German soldiers of the First World War as extremely brave in a military sense.


Includes most religious Scots reformed - Presbyterian churches, far less of the Roman Catholic Church or the Scottish Episcopal Church . The Presbyterian Church of Scotland has the status of the Scottish National Church .

Scottish Diaspora

A significant part of the population of the province of Ulster in Ireland is schottischstämmig. The Ulster-Scots are recognized as a group, among other things, in the Good Friday Agreement .

There are now about 6 million people in the United States , about 4.7 million in Canada and about 1.8 million in Australia with a Scottish migrant background. Other notable Scottish parishes outside of Scotland are in England , Northern Ireland , Argentina , Chile , France , Poland , New Zealand , Germany and the Isle of Man .

Individual evidence

  1. a b Ursula Weier: Intercultural learning and stereotypes of everyday English culture. In: Laurenz Volkmann, Klaus Stierstorfer , Wolfgang Gehring (Eds.): Intercultural Competence. Concepts and practice of teaching. Gunter Narr Verlag, Tübingen 2002, ISBN 3-8233-4986-4 , pp. 165-192 (here: pp. 185f.).
  2. Ten reasons for Scotland. In: Deutsche Welle . July 27, 2018, accessed October 2, 2018.
  3. Jünger, Ernst: War Diaries 1914-1918, Stuttgart 2010, p. 389 or ibid .: In Stahlgewittern, Stuttgart 1961 26 , p. 266.