The sports trauma is part of Sports Medicine (Word "Sports Orthopedics" by definition includes two terms: the sports orthopedics and traumatology). Sports orthopedics / traumatology is a medical field related to orthopedics and trauma surgery and is increasingly being practiced by specialized sports doctors.
The sports orthopedics / traumatology deals with injuries , illnesses, aches and pain of the musculoskeletal system as a result of the exercise of Sports ( sports injuries ) and after sports injuries . All tissues of the musculoskeletal system can be affected: tendons, ligaments, bones, cartilage, muscles, nerves. The focus is on joint injuries, in particular the ankle joint ( ankle ), knee joint ( meniscus , cruciate ligament ), shoulder (see also dislocation ), hip joint , the elbow joints and other joints.
Sports injuries / discomfort
In general, sports injuries / complaints can be divided into acute (as a result of an accident) and chronic (as a result of excessive stress or incorrect healing). Most sports have typical injuries (sport-specific injuries). In most cases the lower extremities, i.e. the legs, are affected (approx. 70%). This is followed by the upper extremities (shoulder, elbow and arm) with about 20% and the head and spine each with about 5%.
Common acute sports injuries are, for example: ankle distortion (twisting of the ankle) with ligament injuries and / or accompanying fractures, knee and cruciate ligament injuries, knee meniscus injuries, Achilles tendon rupture, quadriceps tendon injury, shoulder dislocation (dislocation). Common chronic sports injuries are for example: the chronic instability of a joint (ankle, knee, shoulder, elbow etc.), tendon diseases (degeneration) and fatigue fractures .
Most sports have typical injuries (so-called sport-specific injuries). Examples of such, activities and typical injuries are: Snowboarder Ankle (Snowboarder ankle), Soccer Ankle (soccer ankle), the Läufer- , jumper and footballer knee, tennis elbow , the tennis elbow , golf elbow, the skier's thumb , the Boxer nose and the ring ear .
Sports injuries can be treated conservatively (without surgery) or surgically (operatively, with surgery). Conservative therapy includes: rest, relief, cooling, stabilization (stabilization with bandages, shoes, splints, plaster of paris, etc.), medication, physiotherapy, insoles, and other methods. With surgical therapy (operation), the injured tissue is reconstructed and repaired with open surgery or by means of arthroscopy (joint mirroring) or a combination.
- Sports Orthopedics and Traumatology. Sports Orthopedics - Sports Traumatology. Verlag Elsevier , , since 1984
- Jatros Trauma Surgery & Sports Traumatology. Organ of the Austrian Society for Trauma Surgery (ÖGU),
- MD Miller et al. (Editor): Operational Atlas Sports Orthopedics, Sports Traumatology. Verlag Elsevier and Urban & Fischer, 2004, ISBN 3-437-23660-1, limited preview in the Google book search
- M. Engelhardt: Sports injuries - sports damage. Georg Thieme Verlag, 2005, ISBN 3-131-40041-2 limited preview in the Google book search
- University Hospital Aachen: Sports Traumatological Injuries. ( Memento of the original from January 9, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved February 6, 2010