St. Katharinen (Mainau)

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Former monastery, southwest view. Johann Wolfgang Spengler: Stained Glass (1669)
The St. Katharinen exclave belonging to Litzelstetten is bordered by the districts of Wollmatingen in the west and Egg in the east
The district plan of Allmannsdorf from 1885 shows both the island of Mainau and the St. Katharinen monastery as separate districts next to Allmannsdorf, with separately documented area information

St. Katharinen was a monastery of the Augustinian hermits under the patronage of St. Katharina in the Mainauwald in the city of Konstanz . The clearing in the forest Mainau heard as well seven hectares large exclave to the district Litzelstetten , and borders the neighborhoods Wollmatingen and Egg . The area, like the island of Mainau, used to belong to the municipality of Allmannsdorf at that time .

Johann Matthias Steidlin: copper engraving (1740)

St. Katharinen was supposedly an Augustinian monastery founded in 1260, first mentioned in a document in 1324. The patronage is mentioned for the first time in 1390. From 1436 at the latest, nuns lived here, presumably as beguines , i.e. without perpetual vows. Then they joined the order of the Augustinian Hermits . The chapel was apparently built or repaired around 1470 and somewhat redesigned in 1667. In the 14th and 15th centuries, there is evidence of a hermitage that belonged to the parish of Wollmatingen. There is evidence of a women's monastery since the end of the 15th century.

In the course of the turmoil of the Reformation , the miraculous cross of Bernrain came to the monastery of St. Katharina in 1542 . As a result, it was given a significant religious upgrade and became a regional pilgrimage site . It was only after strong pressure from the Bishop of Constance and the Teutonic Order that the monastery had to return the cross to Bernrain in 1664. In 1667 the monastery was able to expand its complex and build a larger church.

The convent was separated from the Augustinian order in 1781 and placed under the episcopal ordinariate. In 1803 the monastery was temporarily closed and finally in 1810/1815. The remaining ten nuns had to leave and in 1808 the monastery was secularized , the property expropriated in favor of the Grand Duke of Baden and auctioned off. The monastery buildings were largely demolished after 1815.

The estate, which belonged to the Allmannsdorf community and the Wollmatingen parish, came to Litzelstetten in 1925.

After several changes of ownership, the Grand Duke of Baden finally bought it back as the owner of the island of Mainau. At the same time, the monastery church was demolished due to its dilapidation. The Grand Duke leased the remaining buildings as an inn, which had to close in 1965 due to the lack of a water connection. After the last residents had left the property at the end of the 1980s, it was in danger of permanent decline. In 2013 the “ Lennart Bernadotte Foundation ”, which also owns Mainau Island, inaugurated the “ Mainau Adventure Forest” and opened a beer garden in the former cloister courtyard .

Individual evidence

  1. The district plan from 1885 states: 7 hectares 39 Ar 44 meters File: Allmannsdorf_Gemarkungsplan_1885.jpg
  2. ^ Local lexicon Baden-Württemberg: St. Katharina's living space
  3. St. Katharinen - Einsiedelei - Kloster - Excursion restaurant ( Memento of the original from September 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /

Web links

Coordinates: 47 ° 41 ′ 48.6 ″  N , 9 ° 10 ′ 22.8 ″  E