Suzanne Lalique-Haviland , born as Suzanne Ledru , (born May 4, 1892 in Paris ; † April 16, 1989 in Avignon ) was a French painter, designer of glass, porcelain, jewelry and textiles, set and costume designer . Two well-known glass and porcelain manufacturers are linked in their name.
Live and act
Suzanne Lalique's father was René Lalique , the well-known jewelry and glass artist of the Art nouveau and Art Deco styles . Her mother was Augustine Alice Ledru, the daughter of the sculptor Auguste Ledru , who was a friend of Rodin . Her brother Marc was born in 1900. In 1902 René Lalique and Augustine Alice Ledru married, for him it was the second marriage.
After her mother's death in 1909, Suzanne Lalique began the age of seventeen for the company to work her father designed for him powder boxes, boxes of chocolates and later vases. In 1911 she created décors for the Sèvres glass factory ; the collaboration continued until 1930.
She was supported in her work by Eugène Morand , director of the École nationale des Arts décoratifs , who inspired her to paint in oils. Jean Giraudoux brought her closer to the work of Édouard Manet , whose black and gray tones she incorporated into her designs. Between 1914 and 1927 she created screens , which were acquired by the fashion designer Jacques Doucet , among others .
In 1917 Suzanne Lalique married the photographer Paul Haviland , whose father owned the Haviland & Co. porcelain factory in Limoges . Their son Jack was born in 1918 and their daughter Nicole in 1923. The couple had lived in Yzeures-sur-Creuse since 1925 in a former 17th-century convent, Le Prieuré de la Mothe, after Paul Haviland had retired from the management of the porcelain factory.
From 1925 she created tableware for the Haviland porcelain factory, which has been run by her husband's cousin since then. She worked for the interior decoration of the salons of the first-class carriages of the passenger steamer Paris in 1920, followed by designs for the interior of the compartments of the Côte d'Azur Pullman Express in 1928 . Lalique-Haviland's first exhibition of paintings was presented in 1930 by the Bernheim-Jeune gallery in Paris.
In 1937, Lalique-Haviland designed the setting for Chacun sa vérité ( Each His Truth ) by Luigi Pirandello , which was performed in the Comédie-Française . For the famous Parisian theater, she created sets and costumes for almost 50 plays by the early 1970s.
Suzanne Lalique-Haviland died in Avignon in 1989 and is buried in the Yzeures-sur-Creuse cemetery.
The Musée Lalique in Wingen-sur-Moder in Alsace devoted a comprehensive solo exhibition to her from July 13th to November 11th, 2012 entitled Suzanne Lalique-Haviland, le décor réinventé , which was subsequently held in the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Limoges from December 15, 2012 to April 15, 2013.
- Jean-Marc Ferrer (Ed.): Suzanne Lalique-Haviland, 1892−1989, le décor réinventé . Exhibition catalog. Les Ardents éditeurs, Limoges 2012, ISBN 978-2-917032-37-4 .
- Nicole Maritch-Haviland, Catherine de Léobardy: Lalique, Haviland, Burty: portraits de famille . Les Ardents éditeurs, Limoges 2009, ISBN 978-2-917032-11-4 .
- Suzanne Lalique-Haviland : Musée Lalique, Wingen-sur-Moder (French)
- Mademoiselle Lalique's colorful life , article in The Guardian (English)
- In the direction of the Lalique Museum , p. 5, de.calameo.com, accessed on February 8, 2013.
- Suzanne Lalique, le décor réinventé , latribunedelart.com, accessed on February 10, 2013
- Suzanne Haviland , ajpn.org, accessed February 10, 2013
- Suzanne Lalique-Haviland, Reinventing Décor , thearttribune.com, August 23, 2012, accessed June 13, 2016
- Lalique - More Than Just a Name ( Memento from February 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), musee-lalique.com, accessed on February 7, 2013.
- Website of the city of Limoges on the exhibition (with videos, French), ville-limoges.fr
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Ledru, Suzanne (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||French painter, designer and costume designer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 4, 1892|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Paris|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 16, 1989|
|Place of death||Avignon|