Theodor Brauer (ethicist)

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Theodor Brauer (born January 16, 1880 in Kleve , † March 19, 1942 in Saint Paul , Minnesota ) was a Catholic social ethicist and representative of the Catholic workers' movement .


Brauer was involved in the Christian trade union movement, of which he was appointed manager in 1908. In addition, he headed the Christian trade union school in Königswinter .

After studying and doing his doctorate in Bonn , Brauer completed his habilitation in 1922 and then worked as a professor of economics at the TH Karlsruhe . In 1928 he was appointed director of the Cologne Research Institute for Social Sciences (as successor to Max Scheler ). He also taught as an honorary professor at the University of Cologne . After the National Socialists came to power in 1933, the research institute was closed on March 31, 1934 and the employment relationship with Brauer was terminated. Despite his opposition to National Socialism, he was allowed to continue teaching as an honorary professor. In 1937 he emigrated to the United States and followed a call to the Catholic College of St. Thomas (now University of St. Thomas ) in Saint Paul , Minnesota , where he taught political economy until his death.

Brauer was connected to the consumer cooperative movement in the Cologne direction. Among other things, he was the teacher of Eberhard Welty .

The terms “regulative” and “speculative” wage policy go back to Theodor Brauer .

Works (selection)

  • Union and economics. Thoughts and clues . Fischer, Jena 1912, 2nd edition 1922.
  • Land question and workers interest. A first introduction . Fischer, Jena 1916.
  • Adolf Kolping (classic Catholic social philosophy; vol. 2). Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau 1923.
  • Crisis in the trade unions . Fischer, Jena 1924.
  • Ketteler. The German bishop and social reformer . Hanseatic Publishing House, Hamburg 1925.
  • German social policy and German culture (writings on German policy; Vol. 13/14). Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau 1926.
  • Christianity and Public Life . Volksvereins-Verlag, M.-Gladbach 1927.
  • Modern German socialism. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau 1929.
  • Social policy and social reform . Fischer, Jena 1931.
  • The Catholic in the new empire. His job and his share . Koesel, Munich 1933.
  • The fulfillment of the national economy. A study of the "subject matter" of economics . Fischer, Jena 1934.
  • Social Catholicism in Germany in the light of Quadragesimo Anno ( Religious Sources ; Vol. 96). Schwann, Düsseldorf 1935.
  • Adolf Kolping (German priestly figures). Butzon et al. Bercker, Kevelaer 1935, 2nd edition 1936.


  • Helga GrebingBrewer, Theodor. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 2, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955, ISBN 3-428-00183-4 , p. 544 ( digitized version ).
  • Ludwig Rosenberg , Bernhard Tacke : The way to the unified union . Edited by the DGB Federal Board. satz + druck gmbh, Düsseldorf 1977.
  • Gerhard J. Mauch: Brewer, Theodor. In: Harald Hagemann , Claus-Dieter Krohn (Hrsg.): Biographical manual of the German-speaking economic emigration after 1933. Volume 1: Adler – Lehmann. Saur, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-598-11284-X , pp. 72-75.
  • James Chappel: Catholic Modern. The Challenge of Totalitarianism and the Remaking of the Church . Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA 2018, esp.p. 80-91.
  • William L. Patch: Christian Democratic Workers and the Forging of German Democracy, 1920-1980 . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2018, esp. Pp. 9–57 (Chapter 1: Christian Trade Unionists and the Dissolution of the Weimar Republic).

Individual evidence

  1. a b Reinhard Bispinck and Thorsten Schulten: The concept of expansive wage policy - a critical appraisal from today's perspective. In: Reinhard Bispinck, Thorsten Schulten, Peeter Raane (eds.): Economic democracy and expansive wage policy . On the topicality of Viktor Agartz . VSA-Verlag, Hamburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-89965-282-6 , pp. 48-65.
  2. ^ Golczewski, Frank: Cologne University Teachers and National Socialism. Personal history approaches . Böhlau, Cologne 1988, ISBN 3-412-03887-3 , pp. 309-313 .
  3. Brauer / Grunz / Schlösser: The consumer cooperative as a moral force. Cologne 1929.

Web links

Wikisource: Theodor Brauer  - Sources and full texts