Thiepval Barracks

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FranceFrance Thiepval Barracks
Thiepval Barracks

Thiepval Barracks

country Germany
today Civil used
local community Tübingen
Coordinates : 48 ° 31 '  N , 9 ° 3'  E Coordinates: 48 ° 30 '51 "  N , 9 ° 3' 22"  E
Opened 1873 to 1875
owner Country / private
Formerly stationed units
7th Infantry Regiment,
14th Infantry Regiment

24th Chasseur Regiment

German EmpireWar Ensign of Germany (1903-1919) .svg
German EmpireWar Ensign of Germany (1938–1945) .svg
Thiepval barracks (Baden-Württemberg)
Thiepval Barracks

Location of the Thiepval barracks in Baden-Württemberg

The Thiepval-Kaserne is a building complex in the Tübingen Südstadt , which lies between the Hegelstrasse (in the north) and the Schellingstrasse (in the south) not far from the Tübingen main station , whereby the axis of the main building of the barracks coincides with the axis of the station. In the east the area is delimited by Steinlachallee , in the west there is no particular delimitation from the residential buildings located there. The barracks were built for the Württemberg army in the 1870s . The building complex has been used exclusively for civil purposes since 1980.


Main building of the Thiepval barracks, 1939
Thiepval barracks with forecourt

The Thiepval barracks was originally called the Infantry Barracks . After the construction of the Loretto barracks (1914) it was called the New Barracks . As part of the renaming of barracks in Tübingen in 1938, the barracks were given their current name. The barracks is named after the French hamlet Thiepval , located near the municipality of Pozières , for which French, German and British soldiers fought a loss-making trench war, the so-called Battle of the Somme , during the First World War . On the German side, Württemberg infantry was particularly involved. a. the 10th Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 180 stationed in Tübingen.

Military use

The barracks was built in the period from 1873 to 1875, using funds from the French reparations payments , according to the plans of the architects Oberbaurat Alexander von Tritschler and as site manager Oberbaurat Richard Otto Bok for the 7th Württemberg Infantry Regiment . It was the first barracks in Tübingen that made Tübingen a garrison town. The main building is a plastered brick building with ashlar structure in the baroque castle type and is stylistically based on fort and palace forms of the Italian early Renaissance.

A hospital, coal shed, morgue, stables and toilets were built as outbuildings. A staff building was added from 1913 to 1914. After the Peace Treaty of Versailles , the German army was reduced to 100,000 men and the barracks were used as a civilian residential property from 1919. 47 apartments with 155 to 177 m² of living space were created. The staff building was used until 1926 as a police station for the later local police.

In 1934 the building complex was again used for military purposes by the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the 14th (Baden) Infantry Regiment . The Landsturm battalion was housed there between 1941 and 1944. From 1944 it served as a reserve hospital.

After the war ended in 1945, the 12th Cuirassier Regiment and the 24th Chasseur Regiment (service des materiels) of the French army as well as former Polish forced laborers and prisoners of war were housed on the barracks site. In 1978 the French armed forces withdrew from these barracks.

Civil use

In 1980 the former staff building was occupied by the Schellingstrasse residential project . From 1981 the team building served as accommodation for asylum seekers and, from July 28, 1989, also for emigrants from the GDR . In 2002, the former team building and the outbuildings were converted and renovated. Since then, the main building has been used in mixed use: private apartments and the visitor center of the Tübingen tax office are located here. The technical aid organization, Johanniter-Unfall-Hilfe e. V., as well as outsourced areas of the AOK Tübingen. The forecourt, the former parade ground, remained undeveloped, was redesigned and can be used for events.

The former staff building of the Thiepval barracks was renovated in 2004 and named " Monument of the Month October 2006" by the Baden-Württemberg Monument Foundation .


The memorial plaque at the Thiepval barracks (photo from 1986)

On the remains of the old wall in Hegelstrasse there is a stone memorial plaque, which was placed in honor of the 10th Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 180 for services during the eponymous Battle of Thiepval. The inscription reads:

Thiepval barracks
In memory of the outstanding achievements of
the 10th Württ. Inf. Rgts. No. 180
in World War. Especially in the heroic
defense of the village of Thiepval ob der Ancre
in the summer battle on September 26, 1916

Today the memorial plaque is badly weathered and hardly legible.

Individual evidence

  1. Wilfried Setzler: In: Kleine Tübinger Stadtgeschichte , Silberburg Verlag 2006, ISBN 978-3-87407-666-1 , p. 147.
  2. The Thiepval Barracks around 1900  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on 2Template: Toter Link /  
  3. Georg Dehio; Dagmar. Zimdars: In: Handbook of German Art Monuments, Baden-Württemberg. The administrative districts of Freiburg and Tübingen , Vol. II, Neubearb., Munich, Berlin 1997. P. 723, ISBN 978-3-422-03030-5 .
  4. ^ City chronicle of the city of Tübingen from 1989
  5. "Monument of the Month" October 2006: - The staff building of the Thiepval Barracks in Tübingen - an alternative housing project in the cultural monument ( Memento from October 10, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  6. The words "ob der Ancre" are only suspected because of the very poor legibility due to the historically documented events, as the River Ancre was often mentioned in the army reports of the time in connection with the Battle of the Somme during the Battle of the Somme in 1916 .


  • Matthias Möller (Ed.): Stand still? : The story of an old barracks. Published on behalf of the Förderverein Kulturdenkmal Schellingstrasse 6. Förderverein Kulturdenkmal Schellingstrasse 6, Tübingen 2009, ISBN 978-3-910090-93-4 .

Web links

Commons : Thiepval-Kaserne  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files