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Allen Street in Tombstone
Allen Street in Tombstone
Location in County and Arizona
Situation map
Basic data
Foundation : March 5, 1879
State : United States
State : Arizona
County : Cochise County
Coordinates : 31 ° 43 ′  N , 110 ° 4 ′  W Coordinates: 31 ° 43 ′  N , 110 ° 4 ′  W
Time zone : Mountain Standard Time ( UTC − 7 )
Residents : 1,569 (as of 2006)
Population density : 141.4 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 11.1 km 2  (about 4 mi 2 ) of
which 11.1 km 2  (about 4 mi 2 ) is land
Height : 1384 m
Postal code : 85638
Area code : +1 520
FIPS : 04-74400
GNIS ID : 0012590
Website :
Mayor : Don Aiton
Boot Hill 02.jpg
Graves on Boot Hill

Tombstone is a former “ boom town ” in southern Arizona in the United States near the Mexican border in Cochise County . The desert city is about 100 km southeast of Tucson on Arizona State Route 80 .


The city was founded on March 5, 1879 by geologist Edward Lawrence Schieffelin , who discovered a rich silver deposit here in February 1878 . Even the name has received the city from him, because his friend and scout Al Sieber told him he was going there, nothing except his own grave stone (Engl. Tombstone ) find. The city had 15,000 inhabitants in its heyday. Today there are still 1600 people who live mainly from tourism . Every year in April the foundation day is celebrated.

Tombstone was the scene of several famous shootings around 1880, including the OK Corral shooting with the Earp Brothers and Doc Holliday on October 26, 1881. Boot Hill Cemetery contains the graves of known and unknown victims of that time.

Today the city is a tourist attraction with pedestrianized Allen Street . It advertises with the slogan "The town too tough to die" ( the city that is too stubborn to die ). The shooting of Wyatt Earp with the Clantons and McLaurys is re- enacted every day using many blank cartridges . Historical and historically reconstructed saloons convey the flair of an old western town that was the setting for many western films such as the Law of the Prairie .


In 1885 a Rosa banksiae was planted in Tombstone , which now has a trunk circumference of 3.5 m and a canopy that covers 800 m 2 . It is considered one of the largest and oldest rose specimens in the world. The residents of Tombstone gave her the name "Shady Lady" based on the English species name "Lady Bank's Rose", because it always stays pleasantly cool under her canopy.

Since 1959, the Tombstone Courthouse State Historic Park has been located in the city as part of a museum with all stations of the jurisdiction at the time from the sheriff's office to courtrooms and the prison wing to the gallows .

Tombstone as a type locality

The area around Tombstone and the nearby Tombstone Hills of the same name are known as metal-rich ore deposits for many types of mineral and their varieties . A total of around 200 minerals and varieties have been found here so far (as of 2013). Tombstone itself also applies to the minerals Emmonsit and Kryptomelan as type locality (first location) and the District Tombstone for the eight other minerals backit , Dugganit , Fairbankit , Girdit , Khinit , Oboyerit , Schieffelinit and Winstanleyite .


  • Wm. B. Shillingberg: Tombstone, AT: A History of Early Mining, Milling, and Mayhem. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman 2016, ISBN 978-0-8061-5399-5 .

Web links

Commons : Tombstone  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Jane Eppinga: Images of America, TOMBSTONE , Arcadia Publishing, 2003, ISBN 0-7385-2096-9 , under "Introduction"
  2. Historical Events of Tombstone, Arizona 1877, August 1 Prospector Edward Lawrence Schieffelin stakes his first mining claim in the area. He names it Tombstone. 1879, Mar 5 The townsite of Tombstone was plotted.
  3. Silver Skeletons by Oren Arnold "Whar you goin ', Ed?" Al Sieber asked his friend who was saddling a mule, one day in 1877. “Just out a ways, looking for stones,” Ed Schieffelin replied. “Don't you know this country's full of Indians? Only stone you'll find will be your tombstone. " But Ed rode out, alone. Next day his mule suddenly shied at something white. Ed dismounted. There on the hillside lay the skeletons of two men! Moreover, their outstretched arms touched a pile of silver nuggets. Excitedly Ed looked around, found the source of the ore, then rushed home to file his claim. In a few months he was a millionaire and a city of 15,000 people had sprung up there, wildest, toughest boom town in Western history. Its name? Remembering his friend's prophesy, Ed Schieffelin grinned to himself on that discovery day and said: "I'll name this place Tombstone." Thus Tombstone, Arizona, and its newspaper The Epitaph, have become famous the world 'round.
    Ed Schieffelin (2) had been told by the famed civilian scout, Al Sieber, that the only valuable rock he would find in the hills southeast of the San Pedro River would be his tombstone. As a result that was what Schiefflin decided to name his silver strike.
  4. ^ Events on Tombstone Foundersday April 2010
  5. Tombstone's Shady Lady
  6. ^ Tombstone Courthouse State Historic Park
  7. Mindat - type locality Tombstone and Tombstone District (location description and mineral list)