Union Square (New York City)

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Union Square New York
31-41 West Union Square building
Union Square Market
View from Union Square to the southern tip of Manhattan, 1849

Union Square is a plaza and public park located in New York City .


The zip code resp. ZIP code is 10003. Union Square is served by the 14th Street / Union Square subway station (L, N, Q, R and 4, 5, 6 lines). In the square on Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays the Union Square Greenmarket with the sale of agricultural products from the area including organic food ( organic food ) instead.

Geographical location

Union Square is located in the Gramercy and Flatiron District, a district of Midtown Manhattan . Greenwich Village and East Village join to the south .

The space is limited to the north by East 17th Street and to the south by East 14th Street . Broadway runs diagonally through the square . The western side is Union Square West, the eastern side is Union Square East. This interrupts Park Avenue South here.


The square owes its name to the fact that it connects Broadway with Park Avenue. The park opened in 1839. During this time, other places such as Gramercy Park emerged in the city.

European models were followed here. In 1930, the time of the Depression, over 30,000 unemployed people demanded new jobs here in a demonstration.

The southern part was raised and terraced through the construction of the underground.

In December 1997, the place received the status of a National Historic Landmark and was listed as a site on the National Register of Historic Places .

Fountains and sculptures

Union Square is known for an impressive equestrian statue of George Washington , designed by Henry Kirke Brown and unveiled in 1856. It is the first sculpture to be unveiled to the public in New York since 1770 (equestrian statue of George III ) and the first American equestrian sculpture in bronze . Other statues in the park depict:

James Fountain ( Adolf von Donndorf )

In 1881 the James Fountain, a temperance fountain with the allegorical figure of Charity emptying a jug of water with the help of a child, was built. This was a foundation by Daniel Willis James and was designed by the German sculptor Adolf von Donndorf .


In the southeast is the headquarters of Con-Edison (E 14th Street and Irwing Place), Stuyvesant Place. In the square is the Union Square Theater (100 E 17th Street), which has been a large off-Broadway theater since it was built in 1926 . In the area between Union and Madison Square is what used to be the finest shopping area in town, the Ladies' Mile . In the south was the Virgin Megastore . There are a number of busy restaurants here, such as For example, the Heartland Brewery , where the beer is brewed on site, and numerous coffee shops.

Numerous well-known buildings are in close proximity to Union Square, such as B. the Bank of the Metropolis Building or the Decker Building , which housed Andy Warhol's studio and was also the scene of the attack on him.

Web links

Commons : Union Square (New York City)  - collection of pictures, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Listing of National Historic Landmarks by State: New York. National Park Service , accessed February 2, 2020.
    Union Square on the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed February 2, 2020.

Coordinates: 40 ° 44 ′ 8.5 ″  N , 73 ° 59 ′ 25.5 ″  W.