Vino Nobile di Montepulciano
The Vino Nobile di Montepulciano from the same town in the South Tuscany is one of the three major Sangiovese - wines of the region. The wine had had a Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) classification since 1960 . Since July 1, 1980, the designation of origin has had the status of a Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG), it was last updated on March 7, 2014.
The "noble wine" got its name because it was meant for Pope Paul III. who came from Montepulciano, at whose request a reservation was made. An alternative explanation for the name of the wine is the fact that only noble families ( nobility , patriciate ) were allowed to make this wine.
The Sangiovese grape variety (known locally as "Prugnolo Gentile") must make up the majority with at least 70%. Other grape varieties, which are often used for blending up to a maximum of 30%, must be approved for cultivation in Tuscany. Mainly the grape varieties Canaiolo , Trebbiano and Malvasia Bianca Lunga . The proportion of white grape varieties must not exceed 5%.
Most producers also offer a "second wine" for this wine, the Rosso di Montepulciano DOC , which is a bit cheaper.
According to denomination:
- Color: ruby red - tends to garnet red with increasing maturity
- Smell: intense, ethereal, characteristic
- Taste: dry, balanced and persistent, may have a hint of wood
- Alcohol content: at least 12.5 % by volume , for "Riserva": 13.0% by volume
- Acidity : at least 4.5 g / l
- Dry extract: at least 23.0 g / l
- Production regulations and description. (PDF) wineacts.it, accessed on June 15, 2020 (Italian, official text of the denomination).
- Carta di produione del Vino Nobile - map of the growing area
- Jancis Robinson : The Oxford Wine Lexicon . 3. Edition. Gräfe and Unzer Verlag, Munich, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8338-0691-9 .
- Burton Anderson: Italy's Wines 2004/05 . Hallwag, Gräfe and Unzer, Munich 2004, ISBN 3-7742-6365-5 .
- Jacques Orhon: Le nouveau guide des vins d'Italie . Les editions de l'homme, Montreal 2007, ISBN 978-2-7619-2437-5 .
- Valeria Camaschella (Ed.): Lexicon of Italian Wines - All DOCG & DOC wines . Hallwag, Gräfe and Unzer, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-7742-0756-9 , p. 165 .