Blasewitz forest park
The Forest Park Blasewitz is a 23 ha large park in Blasewitz . It is one of several forest parks in Dresden (next to those in Kleinzschachwitz , in Klotzsche and on the Weißer Hirsch ) and the most famous of them.
The forest park was created in Blasewitz, which was later incorporated into Dresden, at a time when, due to the strong demand for land in the villa colonies elsewhere, almost all of the original forest parcels were being built over.
Since the Middle Ages, natural pine stands have been documented on the left Elbe, from today's Johannstadt to Kleinzschachwitz , on nutrient-poor gravel terraces of the river. One of these parts of the forest was the Blasewitzer Tännicht, a farmer's bush.
The high-ranking Saxon ministerial official Arthur Willibald Koenigsheim (1816-1886), who had his residence since 1863 in the still barely developed Blasewitzer Flur, pursued the goal that large parts of the Tännicht should be excluded from the increasing land speculation and redesigned as a forest park. A large amount of land was acquired by the public limited company "Waldparkgesellschaft", the central part of which was to be designed as a forest park. However, the edge areas were to be parceled out as building land for a villa colony that met the highest cultural demands of the time. The design of the park was financed with the sale of the parcels. Their planning was carried out by the royal court gardener Hermann Sigismund Neumann (1823–1880), who also designed the gardens of Albrechtsberg Castle . Neumann's design of the forest park was awarded at the International Horticultural Exhibition in Hamburg in 1870 as the “most beautiful, best thought out and executed garden plan” .
In 1868 the plan for the forest park was published. After initial great difficulties, all building plots were sold in 1872 and in 1873 the redesign of the park according to Neumann's plan was completed. A year later, the entire capital of the forest park company and the park area were transferred to the Blasewitz community in the form of a foundation. In the deed of foundation the obligation was anchored to preserve the forest park in the sense of its founders "for eternity" .
The specialty of the park is the harmony of large pine areas, park-like areas with solitary deciduous trees, as well as ornamental shrubs and small meadow fringes. In 1880, the forest engineer Gehre drew up an inventory plan that precisely recorded the pine population according to age, deciduous trees and the network of paths.
After the forest park was relatively overgrown in the early 1990s, the gradual restoration began in 1993. The main focus was on eliminating the massive amount of wild growth, clearing valuable solitaires and replanting characteristic woody plants in the tree and shrub layer as planned. In connection with the renewal of the paths, the accompanying lawns were restored. The aim of the preservation of monuments is to maintain the ratio of coniferous and deciduous trees in the sense of the survey plan from 1880.
In 1900 the central tennis court of the forest park was built on the site of the pond system, which had to be abandoned due to constant problems with water retention. In 1958 another tennis court was built east of the Vosges Trail. The entire facility is now operated by TC Blau-Weiß Dresden-Blasewitz . ATP tournaments were held on the site for world ranking points for men: from 1993 to 1999 and from 2005 to 2008 ( Ostdeutscher Sparkassen Cup ).
The buildings of the former waterworks, which were built in 1893 to supply the municipality of Blasewitz, are located on the Vogesenweg.
There is also a playground, a toboggan hill and a restaurant on the central tennis court on the grounds of the forest park.
The monument erected in 1888 in honor of the forest park founder Arthur Willibald Königsheim is located at the park entrance Vogesenweg / Waldparkstraße. The square next to the crossroads on the southwest corner of the park has been named after Königsheim since 1921 and there is a memorial plaque from 2003 on his last house ( Villa Königswald , Goetheallee 4).
In 1998 a bronze plaque “In memory of the designer of the forest park, Hermann Sigismund Neumann” was attached to a stone near the southwest corner of the central tennis court .
Location and accessibility
The Blasewitz Forest Park is located between Loschwitzer Strasse / Goetheallee and Händelallee / Prellerstrasse, about five kilometers from Dresden city center and the main train station . It is crossed by the Lorraine and Vosges roads.
It can be reached by tram lines 6 and 12 (stops at Königsheimplatz , Lene-Glatzer-Straße and Prellerstraße) and with bus lines 61, 63, 65 and 84/309 (stop at Schillerplatz ).
- ↑ Blasewitz Forest Park is being further reconstructed. In: dresden.de. State capital Dresden, April 15, 2008, accessed on August 16, 2015 (press release).
- ↑ 2012 again ATP Challenger in Dresden. In: tennisnet.com. January 21, 2011, accessed August 23, 2016 .
- Karin Thomas: Our world cultural heritage - park landscapes in Germany . DuMont, Cologne 2006. ISBN 3-8321-7708-6 .
- Prospect to justify a forest park between Dresden and Blasewitz . Heinrich, Dresden 1868 ( digitized version )
- Dresden City Administration: Blasewitz Forest Park (leaflet with numerous images; PDF; 471 kB), August 2007
- Dresdner-Stadtteile.de: Blasewitz forest park and Königsheimplatz
- Kurt-Dieter Prskawetz: Arthur Willibald Königsheim: Reformer and founder of the villa colony Blasewitz, which is unique in Europe ( Memento from February 11, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ) January 23, 2002
- Civic Foundation Dresden: Arthur Willibald Königsheim (leaflet; PDF; 3.0 MB)
- Tennis club TC Blau-Weiß Dresden-Blasewitz eV : Sports center "Am Wasserwerk": The gym of the TC Blau-Weiß
- Description of the forest playground at hey-dresden.de
Coordinates: 51 ° 3 ′ 21 ″ N , 13 ° 47 ′ 34.4 ″ E