Wolfgang Stichel

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Wolfgang Stichel (born November 18, 1898 in Berlin , † January 31, 1968 in Berlin-Hermsdorf ) was a German zoologist and entomologist .


Wolfgang Stichel was the son of the zoologically very interested railway chief inspector and private scholar Hans Stichel , who also described several new species of butterflies. Wolfgang took part in the First World War and was wounded. His degree of disability was set at 75%. After completing his studies, Wolfgang Stichel received his doctorate in 1923 in Berlin. phil. with a thesis on the relationships within a subfamily of ground beetles . In 1924, Stichel was instrumental in establishing the nature reserve of the same name through his study of the flora and fauna of the Pfaueninsel that are worth protecting. From 1926 he was assistant and deputy head of the research center for fur animal studies at Heinrich Prell at the Forestry University in Tharandt (Saxony), in 1927 custodian of the Reich headquarters for fur animal and tobacco research in Leipzig and part-time lecturer in zoology at the German furrier- School in Leipzig, stud book and managing director of the silver fox and noble fur animal breeders' association in Leipzig and Berlin, since February 1, 1939 research assistant and managing director of the German Settlers Association (based in Berlin), expert for allotment gardening, small animal breeding and pest control as well as for fur extraction and fur storage. In addition, Stichel was editor and publisher of zoological journals, for example since 1923 editor and editor of the "Journal for Scientific Insect Biology" and the "New Contributions to Systematic Entomology" as well as publisher of the " Zeitschrift für Mammalkunde " from its foundation in 1926 until the last war edition 1942.

In 1943, Wolfgang Stichel denounced his colleague Walter Arndt to the personnel officer of the Prussian Geological Institute for critical statements about the Third Reich . The latter forwarded a corresponding report to the Gestapo. Despite several requests for clemency from other colleagues from Arndt, including Hanns von Lengerken , Ferdinand Sauerbruch , Oskar Heinroth , Katharina Heinroth and Hans Hass , Walter Arndt was convicted by the People's Court on May 11, 1944 and executed on June 26 in the Brandenburg-Görden prison.

In this context, the Moabit jury sentenced Stichel to eight years in prison and eight years of loss of honor for crimes against humanity . He served six years and eight months of the prison sentence. In 1951, the Berlin Spruchkammer also opened an atonement against burins. In these proceedings he was sentenced in 1953 to an atonement period of one and a half years and to pay a fine of 2,000 DM. An appeal, however, was rejected by the Appeals Chamber in 1954. After his release from prison, he continued to publish books on bedbugs from 1955 to 1962, mainly self-published. In 1966 the brochure he wrote was published: Till Eulenspiegel , the Eulenspiegelhof in Kneitlingen and the Stichel family (Part 1 of the building blocks for the chronicle and genealogy of the Stichel families (Stickel) ). Part 2 appeared after his death.

Scientific achievements

Wolfgang Stichel is particularly known for his extensive work on bed bugs . Between 1925 and 1938 his work “Illustrated Identification Tables of German Bugs” was created. Between 1955 and 1962, Volume II of the work on bedbugs in Europe was created. Graver wrote 35 articles on mammals, especially fur animals, 50 articles on insects and 8 independent brochures and works. He also worked on Meyer's Lexicon , Raw Materials of the Animal Kingdom and the Nomenclator generum et subgenerum .

Web links


  1. Wolfgang Stichel: On the phylogenesis of a geologically young group of beetles, the ditomines (Carab. Harpal.) Dissertation. Berlin 1923. Published in the journal for scientific insect biology . Volume 18.
  2. Senate Department for Urban Development Berlin: Berlin of course! Natur & Text, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-9810058-3-7 , p. 186.
  3. Wolfgang Stichel: Building blocks for the chronicle and genealogy of the Stichel families (Stickel). II. List of ancestors of Wolfgang Stichel (AL 9169) with documents on the family chronicle. Berlin 1968.
  4. ^ Armin Geus , Hans Querner: German Zoological Society 1890–1990. Documentation and history. Fischer, Stuttgart 1990, ISBN 3-437-30648-0 .
  5. Ferdinand Pax: Walther Arndt - a life for science . Hydrobiologia 4 (3), 1952, pp. 302-315.
  6. Stefan Botor: The Berlin atonement process - the last phase of denazification. Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2006, ISBN 3-631-54574-6
  7. Wolfgang Stichel: Illustrated tables of determination of the German bugs. Berlin 1925–1938.
  8. Wolfgang Stichel: Illustrated tables of identification of the bedbugs - II. Europe. 4 volumes + 1 general index.