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district of Berlin
Berlin Heiligensee Konradshöhe Frohnau Tegel Hermsdorf Waidmannslust Lübars Märkisches Viertel Borsigwalde Wittenau Reinickendorf BrandenburgHermsdorf on the map of Reinickendorf
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Coordinates 52 ° 37 ′ 0 ″  N , 13 ° 19 ′ 0 ″  E Coordinates: 52 ° 37 ′ 0 ″  N , 13 ° 19 ′ 0 ″  E
surface 6.1 km²
Residents 16,607 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 2722 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation Oct. 1, 1920
Post Code 13467
District number 1206
Administrative district Reinickendorf

Hermsdorf is a district in the north of the Berlin district of Reinickendorf .


Position and extent

The district of Hermsdorf is located in the central north of Reinickendorf and, with an area of ​​around 6.1 km², is the sixth largest of the eleven districts in the district.

Its northern boundary is the city limits of Berlin and its imaginary extension in a westerly direction to the Tegel forest along Burgfrauenstrasse and the Falkentaler Steig. In the northeast, the Brandenburg municipality of Glienicke / Nordbahn in the Oberhavel district joins the so-called duck's bill . The district Frohnau is located northwest of Hermsdorf .

The demarcation to Tegel in the west follows the edge of the forest until it meets the Tegeler Fließ , an ice age drainage channel. The rest of the border is identical to the river valley up to the city limits in the northeast. Beyond the brook, to the east and south-east, are the districts of Lübars and Waidmannslust .


The historic town center is at the eastern end of the Alt-Hermsdorf street. This area is a listed building . The origin of Hermsdorf lies in the southeast of today's local area, about one kilometer west of the Hermsdorf lake , the largest body of water in the district. In between is the so-called "Seebadviertel", to the north of it former clay pits and peat cuttings as well as the Waldsee with the surrounding Waldseeviertel.

Heinsestrasse at the S-Bahn station Berlin-Hermsdorf has established itself as the center of the district. To the northwest of it is the spa district with the Dominikus hospital. The municipal cemetery Hermsdorf on Frohnauer Straße already belongs geographically to the district Frohnau.


Former community school Hermsdorf, today local history museum

At the end of the 11th century a late Slavic settlement was built on the Tegeler Fließ . It was a semicircular structure of a dead end village extended like a square ( Sackanger , similar to the museum village Düppel and the original structure of Lankwitz ), but not a Rundling , as the misleading street name "Rundlingsteig" suggests. Around 1230 German newcomers took the village into their possession while retaining the Slavic population. With the takeover of the Slavic settlement in German hands, a wooden church will have been built as usual. The exact time is unknown, but in 1988, archaeological traces of a wooden church were found among the remains of a half-timbered church built in the 16th century on the Sackanger during excavations by the Berlin State Monuments Office, which probably date from the first half of the 13th century. Hermsdorf was first mentioned in 1349 (as Hermanstorp ). In the land book of Charles IV of 1375 five farms are named with the note that they have no (measured) hooves , but only (unmeasured) fields. In addition, three desolate courtyards are mentioned. For the first time in 1450 16 hooves are counted, two of which are desolate. In 1541, two years after the Reformation in Brandenburg, a pastor is named who looked after the community from Dalldorf (today: Wittenau ). The late medieval half-timbered church was demolished in 1756 and replaced by a new half-timbered church at the current location of the village church .

Hermsdorf went to Ritter Busse Milow in 1349 as part of the transformation into an estate, and from 1585 to 1694 to von Götze zu Rosenthal. Around 1585 this family built a knight's seat, which was destroyed around 1640 in the Thirty Years War . Furthermore, from 1489 to 1634 possessions in the village were recorded by the von Pfuel .

In 1865 a postal agency was set up. A brine spring was discovered in 1898, but it dried up again ten years later. The place was then called Hermsdorf in der Mark .

A ground-level stop for the Berlin Northern Railway was opened in 1877, the tracks of which were raised between 1909 and 1910 on what is now the embankment. The trains of the electric S-Bahn have stopped at today's Hermsdorf station , which was inaugurated in 1913 .

In 1907 a gas and a waterworks were built, and in 1914 the fire station was inaugurated. In 1920 Hermsdorf was incorporated into Greater Berlin and the Dominikus Hospital was inaugurated.

Between 1923 and 1926 the Hermsdorfer Celluloidwarenfabrik also had celluloid dolls on offer; they had a ladybug with the letters DADA as their trademark .

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the district shows a silver church with the tower on the heraldic left side against a blue sky on red ground.

Economy and Infrastructure


The route of the Berlin Northern Railway runs through the center of the district from north-north-west to south-south-east. Today the route lies on an elevated railway embankment. At the train station Hermsdorf the traits of holding S-Bahn line S1.

The main roads are Berliner Straße ( Bundesstraße 96 ) east of the railway embankment in north-south direction and Hermsdorfer Damm, which - crossing the B 96 and the track - connects the Waldseeviertel with Tegel and at the A 111 junction Waidmannsluster Damm on the same meets.

The bus line 125 of the BVG connects the district on the Hermsdorfer dam with the transport node on Alt-Tegel ( U6 , additional bus lines, S-station Tegel the line S25 in walking distance) and the Frohnauer road with the district Frohnau and BVG bus line 220 along the B 96 with the Wittenau S-Bahn station and on to Tegel. The “ Kiezbus ” 326 runs from the Hermsdorf S-Bahn station for the residential area east of the Waldsee that is not directly reached by both bus lines . Night bus connections exist with the lines N20 (from the main train station ) and N25 (from Tegel).

Water in Hermsdorf

  • Fire pit
  • Ceciliengraben
  • Dominica pond
  • former clay pits
  • garden pond
  • Golzteich
  • Hermsdorfer See
  • Hohenfeldteich
  • Long pond
  • New Year's Eve pond
  • Forest lake
  • Wernickepfuhl
  • Wickengarten pond
  • Wolf pond


Ernst Reuter Youth Hostel

In the extreme southwest of Hermsdorf, just before the border with the district of Tegel in Tegler Forest at Hermsdorfer Damm 48-50, which is located Hostel Ernst Reuter of the German Youth Hostel Association .


Personalities with biographical references to Hermsdorf:

See also


  • Hans J Arnold: When the Semnones still lived in Hermsdorf. Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-927611-18-2 .
  • Gerd Koischwitz, Klaus Schlickeiser: Hermsdorf. From the manor to the garden city. 4th completely revised and expanded edition. Support group for culture and education in Reinickendorf, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-927611-30-6 .
  • Oliver Ohmann: Berlin-Hermsdorf. Sutton, Erfurt 2010, ISBN 978-3-86680-709-9 .
  • Klaus Schlickeiser: Discover Reinickendorf. Walks in Hermsdorf. Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-927611-23-9 .
  • Klaus Schlickeiser: Berlin-Hermsdorf on historical postcards. A historical city tour. Drei-Kastanien-Verlag, Lutherstadt Wittenberg 1999, ISBN 3-933028-23-X .
  • Klaus Schlickeiser: Festschrift 650 years of Hermsdorf. 1349-1999. Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-927611-12-3 .
  • Inger König: Big flap - nothin 'there. A post-war childhood in Berlin-Hermsdorf. Wiss.-Verlag Rothe, Passau 1996, ISBN 3-927575-50-X .
  • Bettina Goldberg: School history as social history. The secondary schools in the Berlin suburb of Hermsdorf (1893–1945). Ed. Hentrich, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-89468-087-3 .
  • Avigdor Ben-Trojan, Tilly Zacharow: Jewish search for traces in Berlin-Reinickendorf. Volume 2. I often think of Uncle Franz. Hermsdorf and the surrounding area. Boesche, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-923809-82-4 .
  • Hans-Jürgen Rach: The villages in Berlin. A handbook of the former rural communities in the urban area of ​​Berlin. Verlag für Bauwesen, Berlin 1988, ISBN 3-87776-211-5 .

Web links

Commons : Berlin-Hermsdorf  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. A Rundling forms at least a three-quarter circle, from whose courtyards all have direct access to their fields. This is not possible in Hermsdorf due to its location on the river.
  2. Around the same time (1539) it is expressly noted for two Slavic villages also located on the water, namely Rahnsdorf and Woltersdorf, that they have no churches, i.e. not even wooden churches. Rahnsdorf is also unhindered.

Individual evidence

  1. Puddle . In: Leopold von Ledebur: Adelslexikon der Prussischen Monarchy . Rauh, 1856, p. 196, Blattn203  - Internet Archive
  2. Irene Mössinger: On the water through Berlin's green north . In: Berliner Morgenpost , June 5, 2008; Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  3. Gerd Appenzeller: Hans, Willy, Maria, Gertrud and Annchen † . In: Der Tagesspiegel , November 24, 2001; accessed on October 6, 2017.
  4. ^ Jean Bach: Hermsdorfer Celluloidwarenfabrik. In: International Handbook of Doll Brands. A doll identification book Verlag Laterna Magica, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-87467-389-8 , p. 58.
  5. Berlin-Ernst Reuter Youth Hostel
  6. Ina von Reck, b. from Grumbkow. In: Retrieved April 22, 2010 .
  7. Tips and addresses, Berlin-Hermsdorf. (No longer available online.) In: Berliner Morgenpost. May 9, 2009, formerly in the original ; Retrieved April 22, 2010 .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  8. Photograph of the memorial plaque at Schloßstraße 17
  9. Robert Mielke. In: Retrieved April 22, 2010 .