Robert Mielke

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Robert W. Mielke (born December 15, 1863 in Berlin , † August 30, 1935 in Freiburg im Breisgau ) was a German folklorist and settlement researcher .

Live and act

Robert Mielke was a son of the master carpenter Wilhelm Mielke and Henriette Mielke, nee. Heinicke. After attending the Friedrichwerder secondary school (until 1884) he studied painting and worked as a landscape painter. During a study visit to Italy, he gave up painting in order to devote himself to historical and folklore studies. He became an art and drawing teacher at the Joachimsthalschen and at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Gymnasium . In 1913 he was awarded the title of professor. In 1916 the habilitation at the Technical University in Charlottenburg followed on the system of paths in and around the village . At the same university he received a teaching post and read as an associate professor (since 1922) about historical settlement studies and homeland security.

Mielke dealt with folklore , in particular with legends , customs , traditions , superstitions , construction, housing and settlement. Study trips took him from Trondheimfjord to the Sahara , from the Pillars of Heracles to Asia Minor . In 1904 he founded the German Association for Homeland Security with Ernst Rudorff and Oskar Hoßfeld and in 1907 with Wilhelm Wetekamp the Brandenburg regional group in the German Association of Homeland Security. He also belonged to the Association for the History of Berlin (since 1888, honorary member in January 1935), the Association for Folklore (since 1891), the Brandenburgia (since 1892, its second chairman), the Niederlausitz Society for Anthropology and Antiquity (since 1898) and the Berlin Society for Anthropology, Ethnology and Prehistory .

During the period after 1918, Mielke devoted himself to fundamental questions of settlement research in other writings. With the strengthening of ethnic circles after the First World War , National Socialist ideas also found their way into the work "Siedlungskunde des Deutschen Volkes", which was published by Verlag Lehmann, Munich, in 1927 . In his writings he warned of the dangers of “blood deterioration through mixing with unsuitable elements”. “National culture can only arise on racial soil, so one of his theses”.

Mielke married Anne M. Kammann in 1904 and Margarethe Heinicke in their second marriage. He died of a heart attack while on a trip to the Black Forest.


From 1909 to 1918 Mielke was the editor of the quarterly papers Heimatschutz in Brandenburg and published the following works in addition to articles in the Zeitschrift für Ethnologie , the Brandenburgia and the Niederlausitzer Mitteilungen :

  • The Munich arts and crafts exhibition in terms of style and drawing lessons . Ch. Claesen & Cie, Berlin [1889].
  • The revolution in the visual arts . Julius Bohne Verlag, Berlin 1891.
  • Folk art . Niemann, Magdeburg 1896.
  • The farmhouses in the Mark . P. Stankiewicz, Berlin 1899.
  • The individual and his art . Georg Heinrich Meyer, Leipzig and Berlin 1900; 2nd edition: Müller, Munich [u. a.] 1904.
  • Museums and collections . Wunder, Berlin 1903.
  • The German village . Teubner, Leipzig 1907; 3rd edition, Teubner, Leipzig and Berlin 1920.
  • The village. A handbook of artistic village and corridor design . Quelle & Meyer, Leipzig 1910.
  • with Ernst Friedel (ed.): Regional studies of the province of Brandenburg . 4 volumes, D. Reimer, Berlin 1909–1916.
  • The becoming of the German village . Weicher, Berlin 1911.
  • On the way to the Kurhut . D. Reimer, Berlin 1912.
  • Our village church (= The Books of the Church, Volume 3). Ziemsen, Wittenberg 1913.
  • The development of the village settlements and their relationship to old and modern urban development . Ernst, Berlin 1914.
  • with Werner Lindner and E. Maul: East Prussia and its reconstruction . Kiepert, Berlin-Charlottenburg 1915.
  • The beautiful village in Germany. Picture atlas (= science and education, volume 200). Quelle & Meyer, Leipzig 1925.
  • The settlements of the homeland (= The local explorer, Volume 3) Ferd. Shepherd, Breslau 1926.
  • Settlement studies of the German people and their relationship to people and landscape . JF Lehmanns, Munich 1927; 2nd edition, JF Lehmanns, Munich 1936.
  • In the shadow of the village linden (= land books, volume 14). German Association for Rural Welfare and Homeland Care, Berlin 1929.
  • Dawn of Nations. True and False League of Nations . H. Beyer & Sons, Langensalza 1930.
  • The German farmer and his village in the past and present . Duncker, Weimar 1934; 4th edition, Duncker, Weimar 1942.


  • Karl Gander : Robert Mielke † . In: Niederlausitzer Mitteilungen . Volume 24, Guben 1936, pp. 147-148.
  • Chr. Voigt: † Albert Kiekebusch and Robert Mielke † . In: Brandenburgia . Volume 44, 1935, p. 33.
  • Friedrich Solger : The memory of Albert Kiekebusch and Robert Mielke . In: Brandenburgia . Volume 44, 1935, pp. 34-42 (with picture).
  • Richard Wrede and Hans von Reinfels (eds.): The spiritual Berlin. Volume 1, Storm [u. a.], Berlin 1897.
  • Gerhard Lüdtke (Ed.): Kürschner's German Scholars Calendar 1931 . 4th edition, Gruyter, Berlin [a. a.] 1931.
  • Herrmann AL Degener : Degeners Who is it? 10th edition, Degener, Berlin 1935, p. 1078.
  • Hermann Kügler: Robert Mielke (1863–1935) in memory . In: Journal of the Association for the History of Berlin . Volume 52 , 1935, p. 111.
  • Werner Vogel: Mielke, Robert. In: Friedrich Beck and Eckart Henning (eds.): Brandenburgisches Biographisches Lexikon (= individual publication by the Brandenburg Historical Commission eV, Volume 5). Verlag für Berlin-Brandenburg, Potsdam 2002, ISBN 3-935035-39-X , p. 282 (with picture).

Web links

Wikisource: Robert Mielke  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Robert Mielke, review of the magazine "Volk und Rasse", Brandenburgia 39, 1930, p. 155 f.
  2. ^ Website of the Association for the History of Berlin