The Yppenviertel (also Yppenplatzviertel ) is a Grätzl in the 16th and 17th districts of Vienna . It was built in the second half of the 19th century in what was then largely undeveloped area between the Vienna suburbs (today cadastral communities) Neulerchenfeld and Hernals .
Area and residents
The area between Hubergasse, Ottakringer Straße , Friedmanngasse and Hernalser Gürtel, comprising 13 blocks and one square , and in which 3447 inhabitants were counted in 2001, can be described as Yppenviertel in the narrower sense . The wider area includes the two counting districts Neulerchenfeld and Alt-Hernals, which together had 25,041 inhabitants in 2001, and the trend is rising. While the quarter around Yppenplatz, which is located in the middle of these two census districts, was still considered to be over-aging and a high proportion of migrants in the 1980s, it is now an example of the gentrification of shabby Gründerzeitgrätzl in the central areas of Vienna.
Name and history of the area
Yppenplatz, -markt and -viertel are named after the Austro-Dutch general Simon Freiherr van Yppen, who in 1762 acquired the three-building Schellhammerhof with the associated fields between Friedmanngasse and Ottakringer Straße. Van Yppen donated the area to the Military Invalid Institute with the stipulation that the building should be used to house war invalids. The area was eventually used as a parade ground. When this was dissolved in 1872 and the parceled area was released for construction, a new building called “Yppenheim” was built for the disabled, which still exists today. Since 1958, however, it has served as a residence for members of the Austrian Armed Forces.
At the time of its dissolution, the parade ground was already surrounded by an urbanized suburban landscape. Most of the area was built between 1875 and 1890 with apartment buildings for low-wage earners. However, the centrally located parcels were acquired by the Ottakring community in order to build a Viktualienmarkt in them, which should compete with the Brunnenmarkt in the neighboring community of Neulerchenfeld . When in 1892 both suburbs were combined to form the Ottakring district of Vienna, their old rivalry was ended and the management of the markets in Brunnengasse and Yppenplatz was subordinated to the Vienna Market Office. The Thaliamarkt or the retail market in front of the Neulerchenfeld parish church has also been moved to the square. Around 1910 a new wholesale market including a new market office was built. After the destruction of the Second World War, many wholesale stands were rebuilt in massive construction. As a result of the major fire in 1972, the Yppenmarkt was closed as a wholesale market and has been a small market ever since, although wholesale is still operated. Then it came together with the neighboring Brunnenmarkt to become the longest street market in Vienna. The official merger of Yppenmarkt and Brunnenmarkt did not follow until 2008.
Brunnenmarkt and Yppenviertel were the location of various films, including Kebab mit Alles (2011), CopStories (since 2013), Die Freischwimmerin (2014), Planet Ottakring (2015) and Kebab extra hot! (2017). In 2014, the Brunnenmarkt with Yppenplatz was voted the Vienna state winner in the ORF television program 9 Places - 9 Treasures .
Decline and restructuring
The area around Yppenplatz was considered a problem area in the 1970s and 80s, due to the decline of the market, the deterioration of the building fabric and social problems in its environment. An urban development study from 1993 even called for the demolition of the existing warehouses and a seven-storey new residential building with 100 apartments, offices, an underground car park and a market hall. The uncertainty among neighbors and business people due to the major projects discussed led to the establishment of the Forum Yppenplatz association in 1995 . Until 1999, a redesign project with citizen participation was worked out as part of the belt plus project, which was co-financed by the EU , which took into account the topics of open space design, market concept, transport organization and culture / social affairs. The Yppenplatz was redesigned to make it pedestrian-friendly and provided for various uses by different groups. The farmers market was moved to the area of the square (south, west and north edge, on Saturdays); A piazza was designed on the north-eastern edge, around which gastronomic offers were finally grouped. The plan for an underground car park was canceled for cost reasons, as was - at least in the medium term - the inclusion of the bunker below the square for up to 300 people in long-term usage concepts. With the Brunnenpassage , a culture and event center was set up which is very popular with residents and non-residents.
Redesign of Ottakringer Straße
In 2012/3 the Ottakringer Straße separating Ottakring and Hernals in the area of the Yppenviertel was redesigned. This should underline a change in the image of what is often referred to as the “most dangerous street in Vienna” and the “Balkan Mile” by making it more attractive through more open spaces, more greenery, more quality of life and more safety for pedestrians and cyclists. In addition to continuous sidewalks and cycle paths, new lounge areas were furnished with benches and plant troughs. Existing pub gardens were taken into account and 25 new trees were planted. The redesign went hand in hand with the expansion of the district heating network between the Gürtel and Steinergasse. EU funds were again obtained for the road demolition. The local population was included in the planning from 2011. A big opening party took place on September 6, 2013.
- Rosinak & Partner. Framework planning Yppenplatz , Vienna 2002.
- Dehio Vienna, X. to XIX. and XXI. to XXIII. District (Vienna, 1996).
- Statistics Austria (ed.), Ortverzeichnis Wien, Wien 2005. ( Memento of the original from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.