Algernon Charles Swinburne
Algernon Charles Swinburne (born April 5, 1837 in London ; † April 10, 1909 ibid), also AC Swinburne for short , was an English poet and author in Victorian times . His early poetic work revolved around topics such as sadomasochism , longing for death, lesbian fantasies or anti-Christian attitudes and was received as a major literary scandal.
Swinburne was the firstborn son of Admiral Charles Henry Swinburne and Lady Henrietta Jane, daughter of the 3rd Earl of Ashburnham. He spent his childhood at the family home at Capheaton Hall in Northumberland or at his parents' home in Bonchurch on the Isle of Wight . At the age of 12 he went to the boarding school in Eton . He studied from 1856 to 1860 at Balliol College at Oxford University , which he left without a degree. Here he got to know the Pre-Raphaelite movement, namely Dante Gabriel Rossetti , who worked on frescoes there. He later shared a house with him in Chelsea for a year. He admired Victor Hugo , whom he met personally in Paris in 1882.
In 1865 he drew attention to himself with the verse drama Atalanta in Calydon and the talent shown in it in handling words, rhyme and rhythm. The first volume of Poems and Ballads triggered a literary scandal in 1866, particularly because of the depiction of sadomasochistic eroticism. Swinburne is known to have had a strong lifelong affinity with spanking . In October 1868, Guy de Maupassant saved the poet's life on the coast of Étretat in Normandy .
The Songs Before Sunrise , published in 1871, are inspired by Swinburne's admiration for the democrat and freedom fighter Giuseppe Mazzini . In the elegy Ave Atque Vale from the second volume of the Poems and Ballads (1878), Swinburne's preference for Charles Baudelaire is expressed .
After a health breakdown ( attributed, among other things, to permanent alcohol abuse ) in 1879, Swinburne was taken in by his friend, the poet and critic Theodore Watts-Dunton , and lived in his house, The Pines in Putney , London , until his death . His late work turned increasingly to philosophy and literary criticism. In particular, Swinburne dealt with Shakespeare , Maria Stuart and the saga of Tristan and Isolde . In old age he was almost deaf.
Swinburne was buried next to his parents in Bonchurch, Isle of Wight.
- Verse drama
- The Queen Mother (1860)
- Rosamond (1860)
- Chastelard (1865)
- Bothwell (1874)
- Mary Stuart (1881)
- Marino Faliero (1885)
- Locrine (1887)
- The Sisters (1892)
- Rosamund, Queen of the Lombards (1899)
- Atalanta in Calydon (1865)
- Poems and Ballads (1866)
- Songs before Sunrise (1871)
- Songs of Two Nations (1875)
- Erecthus (1876)
- Poems and Ballads, Second Series (1878)
- Songs of the Springtides (1880)
- Studies in Song (1880)
- The Heptalogia, or the Seven against Sense. A Cap with Seven Bells (1880)
- Tristam of Lyonesse (1882)
- A Century of Roundels (1883)
- A Midsummer Holiday and Other Poems (1884)
- Poems and Ballads, Third Series (1889)
- Astrophel and Other Poems (1894)
- The Tale of Balen (1896)
- A Channel Passage and Other Poems (1904)
- Lesbia Brandon (1860s, fragment, published posthumously 1952)
- A Year's Letters (1877)
- William Blake: A Critical Essay (1868)
- Under the Microscope (1872)
- George Chapman: A Critical Essay (1875)
- Essays and Studies (1875)
- A Note on Charlotte Brontë (1877)
- A Study of Shakespeare (1880)
- A Study of Victor Hugo (1886)
- A Study of Ben Jonson (1889)
- Studies in Prose and Poetry (1894)
- The Age of Shakespeare (1908)
- Shakespeare (1909)
- Catherine Maxwell: Swinburne. Northcote House, Tavistock 2006, ISBN 0-7463-1106-0 .
- Stefan Ripplinger: And forgive us our innocence. He was the pervert just in case ... On the 100th anniversary of his death. In: jungle world supplement jungle, April 9, 2009, p. 7 ff.
- Christian Enzensberger: Victorian poetry. Tennyson and Swinburne in the History of Alienation. Carl Hanser, Munich 1997. ISBN 3-446-11226-X . ( Habilitation thesis Munich, Univ. 1969; listed in the DNB only without ISBN)
- Rikky Rooksby: AC Swinburne. A Poet's Life. Scolar / Ashgate, Aldershot 1997, ISBN 1-85928-069-2 .
- Rikky Rooksby, Nicholas Shrimpton (eds.): The Whole Music of Passion. New Essays on Swinburne. Scolar, Alsdershot 1993, ISBN 0-85967-925-X .
- AC Swinburne, LM Findlay (ed.): Selected Poems. Carcanet, Manchester 1982; Reprint: Carcanet / Fyfield Books, ibid. 1987/88, ISBN 0-85635-728-6 ; again: Routledge, NY 2002, ISBN 0-415-94238-1 , Paperback & ISBN 0-415-94237-3 (hardcover) index, some poems and a list of the beginning of poems in the English version from Amazon.com .
- Walter Franke: Algernon Charles Swinburne as a playwright. Schencke, Bitterfeld 1900 ( digitized version ).
- Theodore Wratislaw: Algernon Charles Swinburne. A study. Greening & Co. Ltd., London 1900.
- Edward Thomas: Algernon Charles Swinburne. A critical study. Mitchell Kennerley, New York 1912.
- Edmund Gosse : The Life of Algernon Charles Swinburne. The Macmillan Company, New York 1917. With letters attached.
- Literature by and about Algernon Charles Swinburne in the catalog of the German National Library
- Searchable online database of works (Eng.)
- Works by Charles Algernon Swinburne in Project Gutenberg
- Works by Algernon Charles Swinburne in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Works by Algernon Charles Swinburne on the Internet Archive - online
- Biographical information
- Swinburne's review of “Fleurs du mal” in the “Poetry Theory” project
- Algernon Charles Swinburne in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Algernon Charles Swinburne on the Victorian Web with many links
- Biography in the Encyclopædia Britannica
- Clyde K. Hyder: Algernon Swinburne: The Critical Heritage . 1995, p. 185 .
- St Boniface Bonchurch Churchyard, Bonchurch, Isle of Wight, England
- jungle-world.com - Archive - 15/2009 - Jungle - On the 100th anniversary of the death of the poet Algernon Charles Swinburne
|SURNAME||Swinburne, Algernon Charles|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Swinburne, AC|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 5, 1837|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||London|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 10, 1909|
|Place of death||London|